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WC262 

W686w 

1855 


MffiOPATHY. 


t 


Presented  in  honor  of 
Solon  Ri  chard  Boynton ,   Sr . ,  M .  D . 


COLLEGE    OF    OSTEOPATHIC     PHYSICIANS 
AND  SURGEONS  •    LOS  ANGELES,  CALIFORNIA 


WAR,  CHOLERA, 


AND     THE 


MINISTRY  OF  HEALTH. 

AN  APPEAL  TO  SIR  BENJAMIN  HALL 
AND  THE  .BRITISH  PEOPLE. 


BY 

JAMES  JOHN  GARTH  WILKINSON,  M.  D., 

AUTHOR  OF  "THE  HUMAN  BODY  AND  ITS  CONNECTION  WITH  MAN.' 


PRO    CIVIBUS  SERVANDIS. 


FROM      THE      LONDON      EDITION, 


PUBLISHED    BY 

OTIS  CLAPP,  AND  CROSBY,  NICHOLS,  &  CO.,  BOSTON. 

WILLIAM  RADDE,  AND  FOWLERS   &  WELLS,  NEW  YORK. 

RADEMACHER   &    SHEER,    AND    BOERICKE   &   TAFEL,    PHILADELPHIA. 
TRUMAN   &   SPOFFORD,    AND   E.   MENDENHALL,    CINCINNATI. 

MORTON    &    GRISVVOLD,    LOUISVILLE. 
Also,  by  Booksellers  and  Periodical  Dealers  generally,  throughout  the  TJ.  States. 

1855. 


CONTENTS 

o* 
J.   J.    G.    WILKINSON'S    WORK 


WAR,  CHOLERA,  AND  THE  MINISTRY  OF  HEALTH. 


Old  Physic  has  the  Cholera,  4 

The  Doctors  directing  Physic,  9 

Homoeopathy  succeeds  admirably,  12,  13 

The  old  Bogs  of  Allopathy,  14 

Fatal  Decrees  of  Allopathy,  15 

Moral  Fragrance  of  the  Times,  16 

Most  crumpled  up,  18 

Great  Acquaintances,  19 

The  expectant  School  expecting,  21 

Allopathy's  Comnlaints,  22 

The  Horrors  of  Decillionths,  24 

Allopathy  envies  Fancy,  26,  27 

Allopathy  troubles  Consciences,  29 

Homoeopathy  tackles  acute  Diseases,  31 
Only  one  Way  of  trying  Homoeopathy,       33 

Hahnemann  creates  Materia  Medica,  35 
What  Hahnemann  has  done,           37,  38,  39 

Old  Physic  pesters  Parliament,  41 

My  Medical  Bill,  43 

Medical  Toleration,  415 

Medical  Free  Trade,  47,  48 

Medicine  uncramped,  49,  50 

The  Lawyers  find  out  Old  Physic,  51 

Homoeopathy  lays  Hands  on  Surgery,  52 

Burgeon  Herbs  unknown  to  Surgeons,  53 


The  Poor  freed  from  Hobson's  Choice,   55,  56 


Old  Physic  and  the  Laughter  Cure, 


57 


Homoeopathy  calls  Witnesses,  58,  59,  60 
Agitation  not  good  for  Conservatism,  61,  62 
Mothers'  Prospects  look  up,  63 

Nurses  in  the  Witness  Box,  64 

A  Lady's  Contumacy,  65 

Master  dismisses  Old  Physic,  66,  67 

What  a  Board  of  Healing  is  and  does,  69,70,71 
Spurs  for  Doctors,  72 

Old  Physic  dreads  skilful  Mothers,  73 

Homoeopathic  Khus  stops  30,000  Colds,      74 


Board  of  Health  ignores  Ehus,  76 

Arnica  tends  wounded  Thousands,  78,  79 
Homoeopathy  prevents  Cholera,  80 

Board  of  Health  ignores  Homoeopathy,  81 
Homoeopathy  cures  Cholera,  82 

Homoeopathy  cures  Sea-sick  Armies,  83,  84 
Homoeopathy  curea  Ague  and  Fever,  85,  86 
Arnica  cures  the  Moil  of  Fatigue,  87,  88 
Old  Physic  can't  give  General  Orders,  89,  90 
Homoeopathy  can  give  General  Orders,  91 
Woman  and  Homoeopathy,  92,  93,  94 

Doctor  Elizabeth  BlackweU,  95 

The  Ladies  in  the  Field,  96,  97,  98,  99 

Florence  Nightingale,  100 

Doctor  Smith's  Beatitudes,  102 

Old  Physic  against  the  Russians,  103,  4 
The  Pharisee  butters  his  Victim,  105,  6 

The  more  Haste  the  worse  Speed,  107,  8 
Old  Physic  spends  Four  Million  of  ours,  109 


Priceless  Worth  of  one  Specific,  113,  14 

Grief  has  its  Tides,  115,  16 

Ignatia  heals  Wounds  of  Sorrow,  117,  18 

Old  Physic  leaves  the  Mind  out,  119,  20 

Old  Physic  leaves  the  World  out,  121 

Homoeopathy  sits  with  the  Age,  122 

Decrees  for  the  Health  Minister,  123 

Health  Minister  wins  his  Spurs,  124 

The  Country's  Industry  thanks  him,  125 

He  summons  the  Board  of  Health,  128 

Natural  Death  reappears,  129,  30 

The  Earth  chimes  in,  131 

State  Medicine  is  born,  132 

Ancient  Wisdom  speaks,  133 

The  Wolf  is  bound,  134 

The  Health  Minister  on  Fisgah,  135 

Only  let  us  do  our  Duty,  137 
Appendix. 


WAB,  CHOLERA,  AND  THE  MINISTRY  OF 

HEALTH. 


SIR,  AND  MY  COUNTRYMEN, 

1.  Public  casualties  open  the  world's  heart  and  eyes,  insure  the 
|X      progress  of  decent  fairness,  bring  mankind  to  books,  to  facts,  and  to 

'  its  Maker,  and  clear  away  at  a  heavy,  although  at  the  least  cost,  the 
obstructions  which  detain  us  from  better  days.  The  measure  of  the 
evil  to  be  got  rig!  of,  is  given  in  the  weight  and  stripes  of  the  rod  that 
is  used.  The  present  rod  is  pestilence,  the  number  of  whose  lashes  is 
not  yet  .complete.  For  what  crime,  or  for  what  purpose,  is  the  inflic- 
tion laid  on  ? 

2.  There  cannot  be  a  doubt  that  sin  is  the  effectual  caller  of  all 
misery,  and  that  the  cholera  is  a  consequence  of  our  sins.     These  sins 
however  are  of  many  kinds,  and  it  is  not  about  those  which  have 
a  simply  religious  bearing  that  I  am  going  to  speak.     Physical  and 
medical  sins,  acknowledged  as  such  in  the  sight  of  God  also,  are  those 

o  which  I  shall  try  to  bring  home  to  you,  in  order  that  their  special 
repentance,  and  a  regeneration  thereafter,  may  be  insured.  Other  re- 
pentances are  urged  by  other  appointed  voices,  and  to  them  also  let 
us  respond,  Amen. 

3.  The  British  nation,  like  every  other  in   Christendom,  contains 
within  it  many  solid  and  compact  organizations  which  have  come 
from  old  times,  and  which  have  well  nigh  all  power  in  several  great 
departments  of  action  and  thought.   Among  these  are  the  professions, 
medical,  clerical,  legal,  and  many  others.     Huge  social  fortresses,  they 
stand  above  the  interests  of  individual  houses,  nominally  for  protec- 

^  tion  and  defence.  Yet  there  is  not  one  of  them  but  supports  a  con- 
tinual siege  against  its  own  times  and  peoples;  and  what  is  termed 
reform  is  always  accompanied  by  the  razing  of  some  part  of  their  out- 
works, or  of  the  very  citadels  themselves.  Each  fortalice  is  taken  up 
by  turns,  and  becomes  the  subject  of  an  indispensable  providential 
assault ;  the  immediate  cause  of  which  is  some  calamity,  or  hard  ne- 
cessity, which  identifies  these  towers  of  the  past  with  our  straightness, 
our  evils,  and  our  sins  ;  and  preaches  a  brave,  God-fearing  self-reli- 
ance, and  a  fresh  appeal  to  the  sword  of  our  spirits  in  the  great  Battle 
of  Facts.  The  medical  profession,  with  its  black,  innumerable  dun- 
geons, is  at  present  brought,  by  the  benignant  pestilence,  into  clear 
opposition  with  the  interests  of  man ;  and  it  is  to  summon  you  into 
the  ranks  of  the  human  powers  arrayed  against  it,  that  my  duty  now 
takes  up  its  otherwise  unwilling  pen. 

4.  The  medical  profession,  as  such,  is  confessedly  powerless  in  the 
presence  of  cholera.    Medical  science  itself  has  the  disease  in  its  most 
virulent  form.     Not  a  remedy  keeps  upon  its  irritable  stomach  from 
day  to  day.     There  is  no  power  of  holding  any  thing  healing,  but  the 
whole  Pharmacopeia  rushes  with  noisome  velocity  through  this  mis- 
erable art.     Convulsed  and  blue-cold,  half  death  and  half  physic,  it 

(3) 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

chatters  out  its  horrible  statistics.  In  place  of  a  fountain  of  health,  it 
is,  in  science,  the  focus  and  epitome  of  the  pestilence  of  the  time. 

5.  And  if  it  is  ill  to  death  in  this  wise,  agreeing  in  its  several  mem- 
bers upon  no  remedy,  but  spasmodic  towards  all,  and  keeping  to  none 
for  even  successive  hours,  what  is  the  state  of  its  patients  all  over  the 
world  ?    According  to  Government  figures,  one  half  die,  and  the  other 
half  struggle  back  into  life  through  more  or  less  difficult  convalescence. 
Clearly  then  there  is  no  evidence  that  medicine  plays  any  other  part 
than  a  destructive  one  in  its  relation  to  cholera,  or  that  it  is  any  other 
than  a  violent  indecent  way  of  disturbing  inevitable  death  beds,  and 
doing  worse  than  nothing. 

6.  That  such  is  the  fact  there  can  be  no  doubt.     A  short  consider- 
ation of  the  predisponents  and  chances  in  cholera  will  convince  us  of 
it.     Whenever  cholera  is  coming  out,  and  patches  of  country  or  of 
city  are  included  in  its  spots,  whatever  weakens  the  human  organism, 
and  lowers  the  tone  and  harmony  of  health,  predisposes  the  body  to 
its  reception.     Some  populations  are  at  their  weakest  in   summer 
heat,  and  then  cholera  takes  them  :  others  are  below  the  high  level  of 
a  sustained  vitality  in  the  long  and  stunting  winter  snows,  and  then 
they  belong  to  the  cholera ;  bad  food,  fear,  sorrow,  debauchery,  sad 
early  mornings  after  uproarious  nights,  bad  conscience,  filth,  malaria, 
effluvia, —  all  these,  and   every  conceivable  depressant,  throw  down 
its  prey  into  the  pits  of  cholera,  and  makes  recovery  nearly  hopeless. 
Ay,  and  when  the  attack  occurs,  the  fight  for  life  is  on  the  same  field 
of  natural  chances.     If  artificial  depressants  in  the  shape  of  drugs  are 
poured  into  the  system,  the  opportunities  of  life  are  still  further  con- 
tracted.    Especially  is  this  the  case  with  opium,  brandy,  and  stimu- 
lants, which,  where  they  fail  to  relieve,  superadd  most  rapid  exhaustion 
of  their  own  :  a  fact  well  known  to  the  medical  profession ;  and  this 
exhaustion  occurs  at  a  time  when  every  seed  and  grain  of  force  is 
wanted  by  life  to  conduct  the  struggle.     Is  it  not  then  clear  that  the 
statistics  of  cholera  might  be  improved  by  simply  leaving  out  the  old 
medical  profession  ? 

7.  Sir,  and  my  countrymen  !  they  have  a  shrewd  suspicion  of  this 
themselves,  and  accordingly,  to  their  honor  though  not  their  glory,  in 
all  public  considerations  and  recommendations  they  have  tended  very 
much  to  leave  themselves  out.     The  profession,  true  to  the  malady 
which  it  has,  to  get  rid  of  its  drugs,  has  betaken  itself  to  the  sewers. 
God  forbid  that  I  should  not  honor  the  social  office  of  the  scavenger, 
—  from  the  adjutant  birds  of  Calcutta  to  the  ediles  of  Rome,  they 
are  purveyors  of  a  cleanliness,  which  makes  their  adventitious  dirt  into 
dignity  ;  but  then  hitherto  they  and  the  medical  profession,  though 
communicants  and  friends,  are  something  apart.     And  no  patient  on 

'his  bed  of  sickness  was  ever  attended  before  by  a  professed  scavenger, 
even  though  Cincinnatus  were  the  man.  That  time  has  now,  how- 
ever, come  ;  and  our  cholera  doctors  employ  no  treatment  in  which 
they  confide,  but  the  treatment  by  draining.  If  cholera  rages,  call  in 
the  whitewasher,  call  in  the  gully-hole  trapper,  call  in  the  drainmaker, 
call  in  the  chloride  of  lime  maker,  the  butcher,  baker,  publican,  and 
the  rapid  shell  and  coffin  maker,  —  and  let  the  scrap  and  remnant  of 
the  office  of  the  medical  man  be,  to  be  the  caller !  No  profession 
ever  underwent  a  more  sheer  self-abrogation. 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 


5 


8.  Don't  let  me  be  misunderstood.     Prevention  is  better  than  cure  ; 
and  the  arts  of  prevention  are  noble  arts.     Is  the  medical  profession, 
then,  to  have  no  arts  of  prevention  ?    It  has  vaccination  against  small 
pox  ;  what  has  it  of  the  kind  against  cholera  ?     The  drainage  preven- 
tion, the  clothing  and  food  prevention,  and  the  thousand  scaffoldings 
that  support  the  great  arising  palace  of  human  health,  in  the  presence 
of  disease,  the  unbuilder,  are  the  contribution  of  numerous  other  call- 
ings, and  do  not  await  the  impertinent  call  of  any  single  profession. 
As  the  fire  engines  come  by  their  own  natural  guides  to  a  house  on 
fire,  so  do  these  necessities  to  the  society  which  wants  them.     But 
what  we  want  from  the  medical  man  is  the  medicine  prevention,  and 
no  irrelevant  recommendation   to  the  navigator,  the  plumber,  or  the 
mason.     Yet  these  parties,  in  cholera,  are  literally  the  M.  D.  of  which 
the  doctors  are  the  jog- trot  apothecary.    That  such  a  prevention  exists, 
I  shall  show  you  in  the  sequel;  but  the  present  point  is,  that  if  the 
medical   man  knows  nothing  of  any  safeguard  of  the  kind,  he  has 
quitted  his  post,  to  which  thenceforth  others  must  be  appointed. 

9.  Nursed  and  reared  in  and  to  the  medical  profession,  there  is  a 
rapidly  growing   set  of    dissentients  called  the   Homosopaths,  who 
alone  offer  to  occupy  the  place  which  the  "infallible"  profession  has 
ceded.     Alive  with  faith  born  of  experience,  standing  upon  the  ever- 
lasting and  ever-living  rock  of  facts,  they  know  that  they  have  medi- 
cal or  healing  powers  equal  to  the  emergency  of  pestilence,  and  are 
willing  to  put  them  to  the  proof  on  fair  terms  of  trial,  such  as  will 
secure  their  own  independency  of  action  so  far  as  this  is  necessary  to 
a  successful  issue.     They  have  printed  and  published  all  this,  and 
from  their  little  house  top  have  cried  it  forth  with  all  their  might  to  all 
whom  it  concerns ;  but  they  have  cried  to  stopped  ears  and  scornful 
faces. 

10.  Let  me  here  make  an  extract  from  a  paper  on  cholera  put 
forth  by  the  British  Homoeopathic  Association,  and  which   gives  a 
few  statistics  in  point,  as  follows  :  — 

TREATED  AT  THEIR  OWN  HOUSES. 


Results  of  Allopathic  or  ordinary  treatment 
of  Cholera. 

Cases.  Deaths. 

At  Tischnowitz,  in  Moravia.  .  331  102 
"  Wishney,  Wototschok,  in 

Russia 199  139 

"  Merseburg. 164  101 

"  Raab.  in  Hungary,  .     .     .1217  578 
In  various  cavalry  regiments 

in  Great  Britain.  ...  171  54 

"  the  troops  at  Gibraltar,      .  459  131 
"  the  troops  at  Nova  Scotia 

and  New  Brunswick,     .  210  59 

.  "  the  troops  in  Canada,    .     .  356  127 

3107  1291 


About  one  death  in  every  2  l-3d  cases, 
.  more  than  39  per  cent. 


Results  of  Homoeopathic  treatment  of 
Cholera. 

Cages.  Death*. 

By  Dr.  Baer,  at  Prague,  .  .  80  0 
"  Dr.  Bakody,  at  Raab,  in 

Hungary, 154  6 

"  Dr.  Duplat,  at  Marseilles,  60  12 
"  Dr.  Gerstel.  at  Tischnowitz, 

in  Moravia, 327  32 

"  Dr.  Hanusch,  at  Tischnowitz,  84  6 
"  Dr.  Kliener,  at  Saratof,  in 

Russia, 183 


Dr.  Jal,  at  Marseilles,  . 
Dr.  Lederer,  at  Vienna,    . 
Dr.  Lens,  at  Pesth.       .     . 
Dr.  Lichtenfels,  at  Vienna, 
DY  Lovy,  at  Prague,    .     . 
Dr.  Marenzeller,  at  Vienna, 
Dr.  Mayer,  at  Pesth,    .     . 
Dr.  Qum.  at  Tischnowitz 
and  Paris, 48 


19 
80 
40 
44 
80 
30 
65 


27 
4 
2 
8 
3 
8 
3 
0 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 


By  Dr.  Rummel,  at  Merseburg,     46  16 

"  Dr.  Schaller,  at  Prague,    .113  0 

"  Dr.  Schreter,  at  Lemberg,      27  1 

"  Dr.  Schultz,  at  Vienna,     .       17  0 
"  Dr.    Scider,  at   Wishney, 

Wototschok,  in  Russia,       109  23 
"  Dr.  Vrecka,  at  Vienna  and 

Slowitz, 144  12 

"  Dr.  Veith,  at  Vienna,   .     .     125  3 

1875     169 

About  one  death  out  of  1 1  cases,  or  little 
more  than  9  per  cent. 

[It  is  proper  to  mention,  that  these  results  must  not  be  received  without  caution, 
on  account  of  the  variations  in  the  intensity  of  the  disorder  at  different  places  and 
periods.  In  a  considerable  degree,  however,  the  Homoeopathic  statements  are  sup- 
ported by  testimonials  and  acknowledgments  from  local  authorities.] 

TREATED    IN   HOSPITALS. 


Casei.  Deaths. 

In  the  Drummond  St.  Cholera 

Hospital,  Edinburgh,  .  .  461  291 

"  the  Cholera  Hospital,  Ber- 
lin, under  Dr.  Bohr,  .  .  97  64 

"  Krunkenburgs  wards,  at 

Halle, 104  53 

"  Hamburg  Hospitals,  Oct. 

and  Nov.  1831,  ....  283  178 

"  the  Cholera  Hospital,  St. 
Petersburg,  by  Dr.  Lich- 
tenstadt, 636  317 

"  the  Hospital,  Raab,    .     .     .284     122 

"  the  Hospital,  Bourdeaux,   .104      72 

1969  1097 


About  one  death  in  1  4-5th  cases,  or 
about  56  per  cent. 


Cases.  Deaths. 

By  Dr.  Fleischmann,  at  Vienna,  732  244 
"  Drs.  Haynel  and  Staler,  at 

Berlin, 32  6 

"  Dr.  Mabit,  at  Bourdeaux,  .31  6 

795     258 


About  one  death  in  3  1-1  Oth  cases,  or 
between  32  and  33  per  cent. 


11.  "  From  the  above  it  will  be  seen  that  in  private  treatment  the  deaths 
under  the  Allopathic  or  ordinary  method,  were  39  per  cent,  and  under  the 
Homoeopathic,  little  more  than  9  per  cent. ;  and  that  in  hospitals  it  was  56 
per  cent,  under  Allopathy,  against  32  or  33  per  cent,  under  Homoeopathy ; 
an  astounding  difference  in  the  first  description  of  cases,  and  a  very  re- 
markable difference  also  in  the  latter,  although  it  is  to  be  borne  in  mind 
that  patients  are  only  brought  to  a  hospital  when  they  show  undoubted 
evidence  of  the  fully  developed  disease,  many  after  having  been  subject 
to  a  very  violent  treatment,  and  having  been  dosed  with  Allopathic  med- 
icines, and  many,  of  course,  are  brought  in  a  dying  state.* 

*  "  The  report  of  carefully  authenticated  cholera  cases  treated  by  the  medical 
officers  of  the  Edinburgh  Homeopathic  Dispensary,  from  the  4th  October,  1848,  to 
the  1st  February,  1849,  received  since  the  first  publication  of  this  Circular,  gives 
the  following  results  :  — 

Cases.  Cured.  Deaths.  Under  treatment. 

236  179  57  None. 

Proportion  of  deaths  to  cures  as  one  to  three. 

"  The  Return  of  the  General  Board  of  Health  of  the  total  number  of  cases  treated 
at  Edinburgh  and  Leith  during  the  same  period,  is  as  follows :  — 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  7 

12.  "  In  Wilde's  Austria,  its  Literary,  Scientific,  and  Medical  Institutions,* 
it  is  remarked — '  Upon  comparing  the  report  made  of  the  treatment  of 
cholera  in  the  Homoeopathic  Hospital  at  Vienna,  with  that  of  the  same 
epidemic  in  other  hospitals  of  Vienna  at  a  similar  time,  it  appeared  that 
while  two  thirds  of  those  treated  by  Dr.  Fleischmann  recovered,  two  thirds 
of  those  treated  by  the  ordinary  methods  in  the  other  hospitals  died.    This 
very  extraordinary  result  led  Count  Kolowrat  (Minister  of  the  Interior)  to 
repeal  the  law  relative  to  the  practice  of  Homogopathy^    The  hospital  in 
question,  it  should  be  added,  was  daily  visited  by  two  Allopathic  inspect- 
ing physicians  appointed  by  the  government.     Dr.  Roth,  of  Mulfich,  also, 
who  was  sent  by  the  Bavarian  government  to  observe  the  cholera  in  dif- 
ferent localities,  and  report  on  the  effects  of  its  Homoeopathic  treatment, 
published,  in  1833,  an  interesting  pamphlet,  which  has  furnished  a  con- 
siderable portion  of  the  statistics  above  detailed.      The  statistics  from 
Tischnowitz,  in  Moravia,  were  furnished  by  the  authorities  of  that  place, 
accompanied  by  a  letter  of  the   most  grateful   acknowledgment.      Dr. 
Veith,  one  of  the  practitioners  whose  results  are  quoted  in  the  above  list,  had 
formerly  beea  a  medical  practitioner  in  the  Allopathic  school,  but  was  at  the 
time  when  the  cholera  raged  at  Vienna,  Chaplain  to  the  Court  and  to  St. 
Stephen's  Cathedral,  and  whilst  administering  the  consolations  of  religion 
to  those  infected  with  cholera,  he  was  shocked  at  the  awful  mortality  that 
prevailed ;  and  the  idea  of  treating  them  according  to  the  Homosopathic 
system,  with  which  he  was  already  familiar,  occurred  to  him.     His  success 
was  so  great,  that  of  125  patients  he  lost  but  3." 

13.  It  would  be  easy  to  add  to  the  above  lists  similar  results  from 
all  the  great  towns  of  Europe  and  America  during  the  late  invasions 
of  cholera ;  but  as  one  of  the  most  certain  and  accessible,  I  commend 
you  to  the  recent  pamphlet  by  Dr.  Charge  of  Marseilles,  in  which 
that  physician  shows  the  marked  success,  both  for  prevention  and 
cure,  which  has  attended  the   Homoeopathic  means.     In  India  also 
an  amateur  (see   The  British  Journal  of  Homoeopathy,  July,  1854,) 
has  treated  629  cases  of  cholera,  and  accompanies  his  results  with 
admirable  statistics :  the  gross  ratio  of  deaths  being  30  percent.     The 
same  good  results  have  attended  Homoeopathic  treatment  in  these 
past  weeks  in  the  Homoeopathic  Hospital  in  Golden  Square ;  and 
also  in  the  recent  terrible  attack  of  the  pestilence  at  Barbadoes  in  the 
West  Indies. 

14.  One  would  have  thought  that  facts  like  these,  not  alas  marvel- 
lous in  themselves,  yet  marvellously  good  in  contrast  with  the  deadly 
zero  of  the  doctors,  would  have  arrested  the  attention,  and  provoked 
the  trial,  of  all  professors  of  the  art  of  healing.   One  would  have  thought 
that  they  would  have  deserted  their  old  bog  of  failures,  and  tried  the 
dry  land  to  which  Homoeopathy  invites  them  on  every  side.     On  the 

Cases.  Cured.  Deaths.  Under  treatment. 

876  271  546  59 

Proportion  of  deaths  to  cures,  as  two  to  one. 

Or,  supposing  the  cases  treated  Homceopathically,  and  which  were-  daily  reported 
to  the  authorities,  to  have  been  included  in  the  General  Return,  —  their  deductions 
would  show  a  proportion  of  deaths  to  cures  of  five  to  one  under  Allopathic  treat- 
ment. 

*  This  is  the  work  of  an  Allopathic  surgeon,  the  talented  editor  of  the  Dublin 
Quarterly  Journal  of  Medicine. 


8  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

contrary,  on  they  go  from  unsurety  to  unsurety,  experimenting  in  the 
same  fruitless  direction,  and  sedulously  avoiding  every  path  that  pro- 
fesses to  lead  away  from  their  unsuccess.  For  this  they  have  many 
pretexts.  First,  they  deny  all  facts  out  of  their  own  pale.  Next,  they 
deny  in  specie  that  the  cases  treated  were  cholera  ;  simply  because 
the  average  of  deaths  was  different  from  their  own.  This  is  a  very 
common  dodge.  *  They  find  that  diseases  under  their  plan  have  a 
certain  mortality,  and  a  certain  duration  ;  and  this  rate  of  death  and 
time  they  consider  to  be  the  law  of  nature,  and  not  the  condition  of 
their  own  impuissance.  Thus  I  have  again  and  again  found  that 
cases  of  whooping  cough  cut  short,  were  straightway  pronounced  to 
be  not  whooping  cough,  because  under  Homoeopathy  they  had  not 
lasted  six  months  —  the  proper  Allopathic  duration.  So  inflamma- 
tion of  the  lungs  was  not  rightly  diagnosed  —  was  not  inflammation, 
because  aconite  and  bryonia  infinitesimals  had  cured  it ;  whereas  the 
orthodox  had  barely  cured  a  proportion  of  such  cases  fry  bleeding 
and  mercury  enough  to  kill.  So  that  they  have  a  ready  way  of  lim- 
iting what  can  be  done  in  disease  to  precisely  what  they  can  do.  A 
very  pretty  teachableness  for  a  progressive  art.  It  reminds  me  of  a 
man  I  met  in  Paris  this  autumn,  to  whom  I  told  that  I  had  gone  to 
Bourdeaux  in  a  day  of  thirteen  hours.  He  said  it  could  not  be  Bour- 
deaux  —  that  I  was  mistaken.  I  stared.  He  told  me  that  he  had 
travelled  hard  a  whole  day  from  Paris  to  Orleans,  which  was  a  town 
about  a  fifth  of  the  distance,  and  I  must  be  mistaking  Bourdeaux  for 
Orleans.  Finding  that  he  was  a  mystic,  with  his  eyes  open  only 
into  his  own  head,  and  not  outwards,  I  mystified  him  still  further  by  tell- 
ing him  that  I  had  gone  in  a  travelling  town  drawn  by  a  huge  tea- 
kettle with  a  coal  scuttle  for  my  two  horses.  And  now  he  declared 
that  I  was  mad.  I  found  however  reason  to  pity  him  :  he  was  an 
old  diligence  proprietor  who  had  lost  his  all  by  not  being  sharp  in 
selling  off  his  stock  of  lumber  and  horses  when  the  railroad  was  com- 
ing: his  ideas  were  fossils  ;  and  he  had  crazed  into  a  man  who  had 
lost  the  power  of  noting  the  ways  of  locomotives.  So,  methought, 
the  medical  profession  is  even  like  that  old  diligence  proprietor. 
Hooping  cough  ought  to  last  six  months  —  if  alleged  to  be  cured  in 
less  it  is  not  whooping  cough  !  Typhus  ought  to  last  six  weeks  — 
otherwise  it  is  not  typhus  !  Pneumonia  should  be  killed  or  cured  by 
bleeding,  blistering,  calomel,  &c.,  —  if  it  be  cured  by  Homoeopathy  it 
is  not  pneumonia!  This  is  at  all  events  a  new  form  of  diagnosis; 
and  if  properly  applied  to  cholera  will  annul  all  facts  but  those  of 
the  existing  Allopathic  mortality.  The  question  is,  will  the  people 
of  Great  Britain  allow  the  hideous  result  to  be  fixed  as  the  perpetual 
condition  of  disease  ;  or  will  it  call  in  other  healers  ? 

15.  Believe  me,  Sir,  and  my  Countrymen,  I  should  not  now  be 
boring  your  ears  with  either  complaints  or  suggestions,  if  I  could  find 
any  way  to  the  audience  chamber  of  this  old  medical  profession  with 
its  mad  conservatism.  But  there  is  no  getting  at  it.  Ensconced  in 
its  institutions,  wrapped  around  with  all  their  fur,  and  fed  with  all 
their  fatness,  it  is  a  little  Russia,  or  a  little  China  in  the  heart  and 
centre  of  our  dominions.  Every  grand  battle  it  loses  is  reported  to 
it  as  a  victory  by  its  prime  ministers,  Tlie  Times,  Tlie  Lancet,  and 


WAR,    CHOLERA,   AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

Athenceum:  its  disgraces  are  the  occasions  on  which  it  distributes 
stars  and  garters  from  its  seat  of  honor ;  if  the  Homoeopaths  come  with 
an  embassy  to  any  of  its  outer  gates,  it  proclaims  in  characters  of 
crooked  fists,  "  exterminate  the  barbarians,  and  let  them  be  extermi- 
nated :  away  with  the  foreign  devils."  Nor  does  there  appear  to  be 
any  thing  but  public  opinion  collaring  and  deposing  it,  that  will  bring 
their  great  Fe  Fo  Fum  to  the  knowledge  conveyed  by  the  natural 
senses. 

16.  Its  mighty  General,  Whang  Hum,  commonly  known  as  The 
Times,  standing  Lord  High  Commissioner  to  all  orthodoxy  which 
wishes  to  be  hoaxed,  laced  Beadle  of  Fogydom,  is  bamboozled  by  it, 
and  bamboozles  it,  as  is  the  usual  case  with  despots  and  their  tools. 
Lately  I  endeavored  to  be  admitted  to  the  presence  of  this  big  per- 
sonage, but  without  the  least  success.  I  had  carefully  watched  The 
Times  to  see  whether  or  no  it  would,  in  the  interest  of  the  British 
Nation,  give  Homoeopathy  a  fair  hearing  when  cholera  was  in  our 
houses.  Day  after  day  it  was  full  of  letters  about  the  pestilence,  in 
which  drainage,  chloride  of  lime,  and  above  all,  castor  oil,  to  which 
The  Times  is  wedded,  were  freely  admitted  to  occupy  columns  of  the 
leading  journal.  One  day,  after  the  editors  had  been  in  the  sewers 
and  kennels  for  many  weeks,  stirring  them  up,  —  as  I  should  have 
thought  at  rather  an  inconvenient  time,  —  they,  the  editors,  suddenly 
proclaimed  that  they  had  a  sense  of  cleanliness,  —  moral  cleanness, 
—  of  the  most  delightful  description,  from  the  fact  that  in  their  pub- 
lic station,  as  moulding  the  opinions  of  millions,  they  had  done  their 
thorough  duty,  had  given  every  thing  which  offered  a  chance  of  healing, 
fair  play,  and  were  ever  ready  to  lend  the  breadth  of  that  sacred  trust, 
their  publicity,  to  every  attempt  however  humble  to  alleviate  the  dis- 
pensations of  heaven,  or  to  correct  the  pollutions  of  man.  It  seemed 
to  me  then  as  if  the  wedding  guest  had  not  on  the  wedding  garment ; 
as  if  the  blanched  skirts  of  The  Times  were  not  white  with  the  light 
of  innocence,  but  with  the  whitewash  of  a  very  rash  presumption. 
About  that  very  day,  a  long  letter  upon  the  Fungoid  Theory  of  chol- 
era appeared  in  the  journal,  in  which  all  that  was  mouldy  was  put 
in  the  large  type  of  a  leading  article,  and  as  sulphur  kills  fungi,  it 
was  recommended,  though  not  very  clearly  how,  to  be  applied  to  the 
roots  of  the  matter.  Now,  thought  I,  The  Times  has  got  its  occupa- 
tion, to  wander  about  dirty  places  with  a  brimstone  dredging  box, 
and  pepper  fungi,  —  The  Times,  the  yellow-powdered  gentleman's 
gentleman,  the  Jeames  of  the  medical  clubs, —  The  Times  in  brim- 
stone plush  at  last!  Finding  it  honest  so  far,  yet  quite  oblique  with 
regard  to  having  done  its  duty  —  its  two  eyes,  like'  a  Chinaman's, 
where  its  ears  ought  to  be,  with  regard  to  all  moral  unity  —  Idetermined 
to  write  to  it,  and  ask  it  about  Homreopathy.  "  Cain,"  whispered  I, 
"where  is  thy  brother?"  I  wrote.it  the  substance  of  this  very  paper 
which  you  are  now  reading,  but  would  you  believe  it,  though  the 
mould  and  the  mildew,  and  the  fine  flowers  of  sulphur,  had  been  in 
its  largest  print — second  only  to  its  "decisive  intelligence"  of  the 
fall  of  Sebastopol,  —  my  facts  and  cures,  and  treatment,  by  Homoe- 
opathy did  not  appear  in  print  at  all !  I  had  been  led  to  anticipate  as 
much.  Of  course  many  letters  had  been  cushioned  before  mine. 
2 


10  AVAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

And  then  I  was  told,  but  sense  and  duty  would  not  let  me  off  the 
trouble  of  writing  on  that  account,  that  The  Times  was  dead  set 
against  Homoeopathy,  that  they  had  a  medical  censor  who  threw  out 
that  article  at  all  hazards  :  and  somehow  or  other  it  has  proved  that 
the  result  is  even  so.  I  wonder  at  it ;  yet  I  see  The  Times  too  well 
not  to  know  that  it  shall  one  day  advocate  Homoeopathy,  with  all 
its  joint-stock  trumpets,  and  all  its  tardy  thunders.  On  this,  as  on 
every  other  great  fact  of  the  age,  it  will  only  be  a  few  days  after 
the  fair. 

17.  Sir,  and  my  Countrymen  !  is  not  the  moral  of  all  this,  strange, 
old,  and  edifying  ?     Here  is  a  grand  perplexity  of  horrors,  deaths  by 
thousands  and  tens  of  thousands  in  our  cities,  our  villages,  our  fleets, 
and  our  armies ;  the  doctors  at  their  wits'  end,  with  all  their  resources 
quite  broken,  —  of  most  approved  badness  ;  the  population,  the  med- 
ical  profession,  and  the  journals,  rushing  about  in  panic  terror  for 
something,  any  thing,  to  stay  the  mischief;  some  looking  into  the  air 
with  microscopes  after  floating  fungi  and  imps  to  be  peppered,  and 
have  Times  sulphur  put  upon  their  tails;  some  with  wild  uplifted 
faces  imploring  Hercules  Chadvvick  to  wash,  flush,  drain,  and  fume 
away  the  destroyer ;  some  convulsively  grasping  at  castor  oil,  and 
with  angry  convulsiveness  throwing  it  away  again ;  some  in  prayer, 
and  all  in  despair :  and  yet  the  terror-stricken  crowd  will  not  for  one 
moment  look  at  the  very  only  thing  that  pretends  to  be  somewhat  of 
a  sheet  anchor,  that  has  been  proved  to   be  such  in  all  lands  under 
these  fearful  inflictions.     Let  us  try  all  things  in  heaven  and  earth, 
and  in  the  waters  under  the  earth,  all  things  in  sulphur  and  the  pit 
of  Orcus  also  —  all  things  but  Homoeopathy.     This  is  just  the  case 
with  every  sinful  state.     The  sinner  is  perfectly  ready  to  cede  every 
thing  but  his  own  fortress,  his  own  nonsense,  his  own  sin.     The 
drunkard  will  regulate  his  diet  to  a  nicety,  wear  his  flannels  by  the 
best  orders,  breathe  the  purest  air,  go  to  bed  in  the  best  time,  and  to 
church  also  ;   but  he  must  have  his  drops :   the  damning  facts  he 
ought  to  listen  to,  the  weight  of  common  sense  against  them,  oppress 
his  senses,  and  choke  his  bad  life,  and  he  will  not  hear  them.     And 
so  it  is  with  the  opposition  to  all  truths' that  exact  a  central  reform, 
and  threaten  the  evil  heart  of  a  system.     "  Any  thing  you  please, 
gentlemen,"  saith  The  Times,  "  but  such  truths.     Away  with  them, 
away  with  Homoeopathy." 

18.  Pretexts  of  course  are  easily  raised  to  show  how  right  and 
proper  it  is  to  blink  the  convincing  facts  in  favor  of  Homoeopathy, 
and  to  decide  against  it  because  it  is  at  first  sight  improbable.    They 
say  that  the  principle  of  giving  medicines  that  have  the  power  of 
causing  a  disease  similar  to  that  to  be  cured,  must  (though  it  does  not) 
make  people  worse  of  their  existing  malady.    Must  is  a  mighty  fellow, 
but  often  easily  "crumpled  up"  by  unceremonious  practice.     Experi- 
ence is  the  prover  and  enlarger  of  all  things,  and  possibilities  and 
impossibilities  are  not  body  at  all,  but  the  last  hairs  on  the  tails  of 
facts,  following  in  the  rear  with  the  most  dead  obedience,  and  occupying 
in  wisdom  the  hindermost  place  of  all.     The  allegation  of  the  impos- 
sibility of  Homoeopathy  is  then  in  every  physical  sense  a  kind  of 
madness,  and  may  be  dismissed  as  such.     And  now  let  us  attend  to 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  11 

a  second  pretext,  that  the  Homoeopathic  means  are  "  inadequate." 
The  argument  runs  thus :  Here  is  Mr.  So  and  So,  most  near  and 
dear  to  me,  attacked  by  cholera :  can  I  trust  him  to  infinitesimal 
doses,  which  seem  quite  like  doing  nothing  ?  The  circumstances  are 
terrible  :  the  means  of  assistance  look  small  indeed.  First,  how  run 
the  facts  ?  The  old  way  of  treatment,  whose  means  looking  formi- 
dably great,  consisting  of  huge  stores  of  drugs,  many  of  them  produ- 
cing instant  effects  of  poison  and  death,  unmistakable  signs  of  a 
certain  power,  loses  professedly,  as  to-day's  Times  states,  (October 
4th,)  65  out  of  100  cholera  cases.  If  this  treatment,  bulky  and  po- 
tential, be  not  inadequate,  what  is  ?  I  have  already  shown  you  that 
medicine  here  does  not  do  nothing,  only  because  it  does  mischief. 
The  Homoeopathic  treatment  cures  70  out  of  the  100,  or  a  larger  pro- 
portion. Here  the  inadequacy  is  far  less.  Let  me  recall  to  you  that 
power  and  violence  are  different  things,  but  that  violence  and  weak- 
ness are,  for  gbod  ends,  generally  the  same.  'Tis  so  in  other  things, 
why  not  in  physic?  Medicine  comes  from  medeo,  the  verb,  I  heal; 
and  no  drug  which  is  not  healing  in  its  application,  is  in  those  hands 
a  medicine  at  all,  much  less  a  powerful  medicine.  Moreover  the 
dimensions  of  power  are  not  weighed  by  scales,  or  told  off  on  grad- 
uated bottles ;  but  reckoned  by  deeds  done.  When  I  am  called  to 
an  inflammation,  I  know  that  aconite  and  belladonna  in  billionths  of  a 
drop  are  a  vast  healing  power,  because  I  have  cured,  and  daily  do 
cure,  formidable  inflammations  in  their  onset  by  these  means.  I  look 
upon  my  little  bottles  as  giants ;  as  words  that  shake  great  diseases 
to  their  marrows,  and  into  their  ashes ;  and  rid  the  whole  man  of  a 
foe  life  size.  Away  then  with  the  bigness  based  on  quantity,  and 
which  sits  like  a  vulgar  bully  in  the  medical  shops :  great  cures  deter- 
mine the  only  greatness  which  sick  men,  or  their  guardians,  can  rec- 
ognize in  medicine.  I  dismiss  this,  of  inadequacy,  as  being  but  a 
reflection  of  the  confusion  of  those  with  whom  inadequacy  is  the 
everlasting  luck. 

19.  A  third  count  in  the  medical  brief  against  Homceopathy  re- 
mains to  be  noticed ;  the  allegation  that  its  known  success  is  due  to 
Nature,  and  that  it  might  pYofitably  go  even  farther,  and  instead  of 
giving  infinitesimals  give  clean  nothing.  It  is  remarkable  that  all 
these  charges  are  true  of  the  accuser  —  true  of  the  old  system  of  med- 
icine. It  would  be  better  that  it  should  do  nothing  than  fill  the 
human  constitution  with  poisons.  But  its  recommendation  to  Na- 
ture is,  to  say  the  least,  very  suspicious.  Like  some  doubtful  char- 
acter boasting  of  his  acquaintance  with  lords  and  ladies  at  a  great 
distance,  and  interspersing  "  My  friend,  the  Duke  "  in  his  stories,  the 
doctors  talking,  as  they  do  of  that  Dame,  cause  us  to  inquire  how 
and  when  they  have  been  honored  with  her  familiarity.  She  is 
abroad  in  all  weathers,  mixing  with  the  commonest  people,  and  most 
conversible ;  yet  I  have  never  heard  of  the  doctors  being  with  her. 
They  have,  it  is  true,  dressed  up  a  hat  and  feathers,  and  some  old 
skirts  reputed  to  have  been  hers,  got  surreptitiously  from  her  butler, 
stuck  them  on  a  pole  of  their  own,  and  called  them  vis  medicatrix 
natures ;  and  this  Guy  they  have  leeched,  blistered,  bled  and  calomel- 
ized  in  a  manner  that  showed  at  once  that  they  thought  they  were 


12  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    TIIK    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

playing  with  a  bowelless  costume  :  but  this  is  the  very  nearest  they 
have  come  to  nature  so  far  as  my  knowledge  goes.  The  Dame  her- 
self has  ordered  them  from  her  sight,  from  the  beginning.  Eyes,  ears, 
nose,  mouth,  —  all  her  lofty  and  all  her  lowly  features,  each  fibre  of 
her  self-sustaining  and  universal  frame,  abhors,  repudiates  and  out- 
spews  their  druggeries  and  violations,  and  names  them  swindlers 
when  they  claim  her  friendship.  Yet,  perhaps,  by  her  they  mean 
somebody  else! 

20.  I  fell  on  this  saving  thought  in  reading  in  a  book  by  Mr. 
Trench,  on  the  significance  of  words.     He  finds  that  words  gradually 
change  their  meaning  according  to  the  moral  state  of  the  users.  Now, 
thought   I,  cpvw  is  the  Greek  for  nature ;   hence  our  word,  physics, 
meaning  the  sciences  versed  about  our  world ;  hence  comes  physic, 
the  science  of  medicine ;  a  part  of  knowledge,  a  kingly  part,  put  by  met- 
aphor for  the  whole :  the  science  of  man's  physical  restoration  to  the 
harmonies  of  things  and  the  music  of  the  spheres.     And  then  in  our 
day,  hence  comes  physic,  or  three  calomel  pills  and  a  black  draught : 
which  last  physic,  or  drastic  purges,  are   no  doubt  the  phusis  —  the 
nature,  which  the  doctors  do  know.     Where  they  have  met  her  is  no 
longer  a  mystery,  but  patent, —  "  portable  and   patent."     Well,  their 
honesty  is  saved  at  the  expense  of  their  dignity.    We  now  see  through 
it  all  as  from   a  tower :  Morrison's  pills  are  their  universe,  the  globe 
to  which  they  gravitate,  and  physicking  is  their  goddess.     But  then 
how  does  this  square  with  doing  nothing?     Inconsistency,  let  me 
remark,  is  a  part  of  many  inexact  people,  and  sometimes  saves  a 
character :  let  it  now  save  that  of  medical  science. 

21.  For  nobody  can   mean  that  in  doing  vulgar  nothing  they  are 
near  nature,  who,  furnished  forth  by  her   Maker,  does  nearly  every 
thing  that  is  done.     Were  the  perfection  of  medicine  to  lie  in  doing 
nothing,  it  would   be  out  of  the  sisterhood  of  the  arts,  whose  busy 
fingers  strive  to  emulate  the  light  in  its  passage  and  the  heat  in  its 
infinite  throb,  and  worthily  to  sit,  earning  the  moments,  on  the  top 
stools  of  industry  in  the  shining  factory  of  the  sun  and  the  planets. 
The  doctors  cannot  therefore  intend  to  say,  that  the  aim  of  physic  is 
to  do  nothing.     There  is  though  a  class  who  go  rather  near  this  con- 
clusion,  and  as  it  were  shave   nothing  very  closely.     There  is  the 
expectant  school :  the  people  who  wait  to  see  what  will  turn  up  in 
disease  ;  who  note  agonies  and  sketch  them,  and  see  when  they  get 
better,  and  when  they  grow  worse  :  fine  students  of  the  natural  laws, 
ascertaining  for  philosophical  transactions  the  natural  duration  of 
fever,  whooping  cough,  and  pneumonia ;  just  as  expectant  agricul- 
turists, sometimes  called  savages,  watch   bogs  and  morasses  to  see 
how  long  they  will  last  in  the  course  of  things,  and  when  heaven  will 
drain  them,  and  sow  them  for  waving  sheets  of  corn.     These  doctors 
belong  to  a  tract  of  physic  recently  mapped  down  :  they  are  in  a  state 
of  nature,  and  may  be  called  the  aborigines  of  disease.     I  believe 
they  will  easily  move  off  farther  west,  as  they  have  no   hold  on  thS 
soil :  like  the  Choctaws  and  the  Chippewas  they  will  sell  the  land 
which  they  do  not  value  for  a  few  gewgaws.     Their  women,  sisters 
of  charity,  as  all  women  naturally  are,  will  be  left  behind  them,  and 
will  constitute  a  good  school  of  nurses,  developing  the  grand  art  of 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  13 

nursing  on  account  of  the  very  defect,  or  annulment,  of  the  medical 
or  higher  art.  So  that  our  expectants  or  savages  will  not  pass  out 
of  the  world  without  a  remnant  being  saved,  or  good  accruing.  The 
Ruler  of  things  brings  this  out  of  their  laziness.  The  assiduity  of 
the  nurses  compensates  for  the  flight  of  the  physicians.  This  is  a 
second  example  of  the  desertion  of  medicine  which  we  before  chron- 
icled, when  we  noticed  that  public  health  had  come  entirely  to  be  a 
question  of  draining,  and  other  non-medical  preventive  means. 

22.  You  all  of  you  remember  the  story  of  the  lawyer  who  con- 
ducted the  case  of  a  man  who  had  borrowed  some  useful  article  from 
a  neighbor,  kept  it  an  unconscionable  time,  and  then  returned  it 
'broken.  There  were  three  defences  made.  First,  it  was  pleaded  that 
the  article  had  never  been  borrowed :  second,  that  it  was  whole 
when  sent  back ;  and  third,  that  it  was  cracked  at  the  time  it  was 
lent.  The  charges  against  Homoeopathy  are  much  of  this  cross  tis- 
sue. First,  the  Allopaths  demonstrate  that  nothing  at  all  is  done  ; 
next,  that  the  effects  demand  the  special  interposition  of  Nature ; 
and  now,  third,  we  have  to  register,  that  the  great  agent  in  producing 
them  is  imagination  and  fancy,  whicli  are  usually  regarded  as  powers 
the  most  alien  from  nature's  steady  ways.  I  don't  hold  with  the 
imagination  and  fancy  theory  altogether,  because  sucking  babies 
just  born,  and  also  horses,  exhibit  the  rapidly  curative  effects  of 
Homosopathy  not  less  than  Christians  of  maturity.  And  babies  and 
horses,  though  undoubtedly  they  have  imagination,  and  are  fanciful 
enough,  yet  do  not  imagine  in  the  direction  of  cure:  which  is  what 
the  Allopathists  want  for  their  hypothesis.  That  the  case  is  so  with 
infants,  I  aver  on  my  own  experience,  and  that  of  hundreds  of  my 
brethren.  But  perhaps  they  imbibe  the  imagining  potency  through 
the  mother's  credulous  milk  ;  and  as  perhaps  they  do,  and  heartily 
do  I  wish  that  all  mothers  were  credent  of  Homoeopathy,  I  will  give 
the  sucklings  up,  and  assert  the  same  fact  of  babes  a  fair  time  after 
weaning,  and  before  they  have  come  to  imagine  medicinal  effects. 
Neither  here,  nor  with  horses  (for,  Sir,  and  rny  Countrymen,  we  have 
Homoeopathic  veterinarians  also,  in  large  practices,)  do  I  think  that 
Allopathic  subtlety  can  underdig  me.  Well,  but  there  is  something 
important  which  I  cheerily  admit  in  this  imaginative  resort.  And  I 
deem  that  it  is  a  feather  in  the  Homospathic  cap,  that  its  opponents 
charge  us  with  having  possession  of  the  imagination  of  our  public: 
just  as  it  is  the  sure  sign  of  the  extreme  downfall  of  our  adversaries,  that 
the  imagination  of  the  sick,  which  is  commonly  known  as  confidence, 
has  entirely  deserted  them.  A  doctor  who  has  no  power  over  the 
minds  of  his  patients,  is  very  near  the  street  door  of  every  house  of 
them.  Cures,  Sir,  and  my  Countrymen,  are  the  things  that  stir  the 
public  imagination,  and  cause  sufferers  of  all  kinds  to  cast  their  slimy 
coils  of  despair,  and  to  feel  new  hope  and  new  life  already  in  ap- 
proaching the  threshold  of  the  man  of  health.  Cures  by  Homoeopathy 
have  created  the  imagination  of  which  the  Allopathists  complain  ;  and 
continuous  cures,  year  by  year,  sustain  and  enlarge  it.  'Tis  a 
thoroughly  solid  faculty,  and  is  no  other  than  the  vivacious  eye  of 
experience  directing  those  whose  vision  is  but  dim  as  yet  from  the 
films  of  disease,  to  point  their  suffering  faces  upwards  to  the  azure 


14  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

lands  of  hope.  This  imagination,  by  the  wonderful  connection  of 
the  mind  with  the  body,  is  not  only  the  prophet,  but  in  part  the  real- 
ization, of  a  new-born  health.  There  is  not  a  single  successful  calling 
on  earth  that  lives  an  hour  without  its  own  department  of  this  great 
imagination  ;  and  when  the  doctors  accuse  the  Homoeopaths  of  hav- 
ing it,  they  only  show  that  they  themselves  are  out  of  the  circle  of 
live  arts  and  sciences,  and  active  citizens  altogether. 

23.  I  will  also  go  further  in  admission,  because  I  love  to  give  way 
to  our  foes ;  and  now  I  grant  that  the  impalpable  doses  lend  them- 
selves to  imagination  better  than  grosser  quantities.     I  can't  help  it, 
—  'tis  an  undoubted  law  of  nature.     If  you  can  see  too  much,  the 
mind  has  less  suggestion  room.     I  note  a  few  perfectly  sweet  glob- 
ules labelled  aconite,  and  having  had  previous  good  reason  to  know 
them  benign,  my  fancy  has  full  range  over  the  potent  spirit  that  may 
or  must  be  enshrined  in  their  little  confectionary  universes.     On  the 
other  hand,  I  stumble   across  a  bottle  of  salts  and  senna  ;  the  filthy 
smell,  the  nauseous  taste,  the  nasty  look  are  so  strong  and  invasive, 
that  I  have  no  mind  to  think  about  them  ;  they  do  not  converse  with 
my  brains,  but  with  my  insulted  eyes,  nose   and   mouth  :  I  know 
they  can  do  me  no  good ;  and  my  imagination  will  guard  my  gullet 
against  their  mischiefs.     Thus  it  is  that  Allopathy  is  an  extinguisher 
to  all  healing  fancies.     I  admire  its  impudence  in  parading  its  own 
want  of  charms  as  a  reason  why  the  public  should  continue  in  love 
with  it :  as  though  one's  chare-goody  should  reproach  one's  Dulcinea 
with  her  magic,  her  beauty,  and  her  sweetness. 

24.  Well,  but  there  is  another  quite  different  accusation  against  us, 
that  instead  of  doing  nothing,  or  handling  only  fancy,  or  being  the 
sport  of  nature,  we  make  use  of  the  strongest  poisons  known,  and  are 
most  dangerous  druggists.     I  am  afraid  this  is  not  honest.     For  the 
most  part  we  use  the  same  substances  as  our  Allopaths,  though  on  a 
different  principle,  and  in  different  doses.     Arsenic,  mercury,  prussic 
acid,  mix  vomica,  are  common  to  both  schools  ;  but  we  give  them  in 
doses  ranging  from  the  ten  thousandth  to  the  decillionth  of  a  grain, 
where  the  old  school  administers  them  in  considerable  quantities.     I 
challenge  them  to  bri'ng  forward  one  substance  in  nature  which  will 
produce  any  poisonous  effects  given  by  the  mouth  in  ten  thousandths 
of  a  grain ;  which   are  about  our  largest  doses.     The  case   is  the 
same  with  regard  to  our  animal  poisons,  which  are  utterly  harmless 
as  we  give  them,  and  most  valuable  healers.     Cobra  poison  and  mag- 
nesia are  equally  innoxious  in  our  way  of  appliance:  the  lion  lies 
down   with   the   lamb  in  the  new  city  of  health.     This  accusation, 
however,  I  opine,  is  meant  for  patients,  not  for  medical  ears  :  they 
know  it  is  a  gross   untruth.     Indeed,  I  have  had  experience  of  as 
much.     In  one  notable  case  that  was  about  to  be  transferred  to  my 
care,  a  great  mad  doctor,  who  possessed  the  patient  and  would  retain 
her,  told  the  husband  that  Homoeopathy  was  all  Ham,  while  he  told 
the  poor  susceptible  wife,  that  if  ever  she  placed  herself  under  it,  the 
drugs  would   destroy   her  brain   entirely.     I  would   not  judge    him 
harshly  :  but  thought  he  was  on  the  road  to  the  same  place  with  the 
lawyer  who  had  the  three  clever  counts  to  excuse  his  client  for  the 
broken  utensil. 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  15 

25.  Before  quitting  this  interesting  thesis,  the  imagination,  I  will 
discurse  so  far  as  to  aver  that  the  whole  class  of  fanciful  patients  are 
just  those  who  are  the  most  difficult  to  act  upon  with  Homoeopathic 
medicines.     There  is  indeed  a  broad  distinction  between  the  imagi- 
native and  fanciful  classes.     The  former  are  no  doubt  liable  to  per- 
manent impressions  which  may  run  on  into  fixed  ideas  that  set  medi- 
cinal action  at  nought,  because  they  set  up  powerful  actions  of  their 
own,  not  dissimilar  in  their  ultimate  form  to  the  vibrations  produced 
in  the  frame  by  dynamic  medicines.     But  with  the  fanciful,  who  by 
those  ignorant  of  Homoeopathy  are  often  said  to  be  subjects  just 
adapted  to  its  influence,  there  is  such  a  constant  interference  on  the 
part  of  the  restless  and  quick  mind  with  the  organization,  that  not 
only  are  the  effects  of  medicines  cancelled,  but  it  is  difficult  to  com- 
mand the  capricious  patient  long  enough  to  work  with  steadiness 
towards  cure.     They  are   one  of  our  greatest  difficulties.     Not  so 
however  when  any  acute  and  serious  disease  assails  them  ;  then,  by 
the  law  of  nature,  which  does  not  readily  tolerate  two  great  centres 
of  activity  in  the  body  at  once,  the   power  of  fancy  is  drained  of  its 
vigor,  and  the  real  malady  comes  on  the  scene  in  its  physical  predom- 
inance.    In  this  case  such  patients  are  as  readily  treated  and  cured 
as  other  persons.     I  experience  this  every  day,  and  note  in  it  a  con- 
vincing proof  that  in  Homoeopathy  we  have  a  physical  force  which  is 
especially  adequate  to  real  diseases.     You  have  only  to  find  out  truly 
what  is  the  matter,  aud  to  treat  the  mischief  skilfully,  and  the  bodily 
superaddition  to  the  patient's  ordinary  maladies  gives  way.     Morbid 
fancy  however  comes  again  on  the  scene  afterwards. 

26.  Bear  in  mind  then  that  in  fact  those  in  whom  imagination  and 
fancy  as  related  to   bodily  states   are  predominant,  are  so  far  less 
adapted   to    Homoeopathic   treatment   than  other  people ;   precisely 
because  they  drug  themselves  with  their  own  ideas  and  fancies.     And 
note  how  little  the  old  school  attends  to  Psychology  and  mental  treat- 
ment, when  they  put  forth  that  morbid  mind  affords  facilities  to  any 
method  of  cure. 

27.  But  then  they  say  sometimes  that  our  successes  are  the  work 
of  diet  alone.     For  my  part  I  can  only  say  that  I  am  very  little  strict 
in  this  matter  of  diet,  excepting  that  I  insist  upon  certain  regulations 
of  common  sense,  in  which  men  of  all  schools  would  agree  with  me. 
In  chronic  cases,  coffee  and  spices  and  green  tea  are  nearly  all  I  inter- 
dict :  otherwise  1  believe  chiefly  in  variety,  and  allo\v  temperance  the 
run  of  the  kitchen  and  the  cellar.     In  acute  cases,  fevers  and  inflam- 
mations, the  patient's  instincts   generally  diet   him    sufficiently;    he 
tongs  for  water  and  diluents ;  and  these  are  allowed  by  every  body. 
In  diet  then  there  is  very  little  difference  between  us  and  the  old  prac- 
titioners ;  and  the  corollary  is  that  our  superior  success  is  due  solely 
to  the  superiority  of  the  Homoeopathic  medicines. 

28.  But,  Sir,  and  my  Countrymen,  I  see  it  strikes  you  that  all  these 
hypotheses  framed  by  our  adversaries,  and  knocked  down  by  the  most 
casual  bowls  of  facts,  are  a  cumulative  evidence  that  in  our  practice 
there  is  something  extraordinary  to  be  accounted  for;  that  we  do  cure 
most  provokingly.     You  are  quite  right ;  and  I  have  no  doubt  that  in 
place  of  the  dozen  exploded  reasons  brought  forward,  you  now  cheer- 


16  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

fully  accept  our  artless  explanation ;  that  we  have  indeed  a  principle 
of  a  new  kind  to  work  from,  an  art  that  carries  it  out,  a  current  faith 
and  courage  such  as  nothing  else  creates;  and  a  success  and  an  ap- 
plause from  an  ever-widening  public,  that  edifies  and  excites  us  to 
continual'exertion  of  thought  and  study  in  the  delightful  path  of  the 
healing  profession. 

29.  Instead  then  of  admitting  that  we  manipulate  our  patients  by 
illegitimate  handles  of  imagination  and  fancy,  I  beg  to  assure  you 
that  we  simply  make  fair  use  of  the  confidence  acquired  to  us  by 
previous  acts  of  cure,  and  by  this  means  steady  and  support  the  sick 
through  the  long  days  and  nights  of  their  diseases.  And  let  me  also 
add,  that  answering  to  their  confidence,  we  have  ourselves  a  lively 
faith  procured  by  experience  of  success,  a  faith  which  exerts  a  healing 
strength  in  the  chamber  of  weakness  and  pain.  Homoeopathy  has 
done  a  marvel  in  giving  this  faith  to  its  medical  sons;  had  it  no  other 
claim  than  that  of  reviving  the  expiring  belief  of  the  medical  pro- 
fession in  active  means,  it  would  already  have  vast  merits.  We  all 
know  how  current  the  notion  has  become,  that  the  doctors  are  scep- 
tics in  their  own  art,  and  the  best  praise  which  they  seem  to  seek  now 
with  the  light  and  criticism  of  Homoeopathy  burning  and  shining 
around  them,  is  that  they  give  very  little  medicine.  The  most  ad- 
vanced among  them  do  not  doubt  the  brute  power,  but  the  good  of 
their  drugs.  This  is  indeed  no  positive  approach  to  Homoeopathy, 
which  is  a  definite  principle  and  a  manifold  art,  excepting  in  the 
sense  that  the  ground  and  table  of  a  razed  city  is  a  chance  for  a  new 
city  to  be  built  there  ;  but  it  is  perhaps  a  needful  stage  of  disbelief 
for  destroying  that  which  is  meant  to  pass  away.  But  in  the  mean 
time  what  a  blessing  is  Homoeopathy  to  those  who  receive  it,  and  find 
in  it  a  medical  faith  and  hope  which  justifies  them  in  their  presence 
beside  the  suffering  and  the  sick.  I  can  only  say,  Sir,  and  my  Coun- 
trymen, that  before  I  knew  Homoeopathy  I  was  in  daily  moral  perplex- 
ity at  the  bedside ;  experience  had  taught  me  that  in  many  cases  I 
was  of  more  than  doubtful  benefit :  my  honesty,  without  being  struck 
down,  was  troubled  in  very  conscience  at  the  means  I  employed,  and 
which  (though  justified  by  secundum  artem,  and  statistics  of  secundum 
necem)  yet  were  both  barbarous  and  questionable,  added  fresh  stings 
to  disease,  took  away  nature's  chance,  accelerated  decay,  and  perturbed 
the  last  hours  of  this  mortal  life.  There  was  in  them  such  a  horrid 
war  with  the  sad  dignity  proper  to  death  beds,  with  the  repose  of  sick 
men,  with  the  sweet  pity  of  relatives  and  the  commiseration  of  at- 
tendants, with  all  soft  dealing,  with  every  principle  of  cleanliness  and 
sweetness,  that  I  could  not  but  feel  like  a  disturber  and  a  violent  man 
in  recommending  and  superintending  them  on  many  a  well-remem- 
bered occasion.  Oftentimes  I  would  gladly  not  have  been  called  in 
under  such  circumstances ;  for  though  I  was  not  fully  conscious  of 
the  fact,  I  now  know,  alive  as  I  am  and  renewed  by  faith  in  Homoe- 
opathy, that  1  did  not  believe  in  the  medical  art.  What  a  load,  what 
a  moral  load  is  removed  from  me  now ;  what  a  delight  there  is  in 
medical  practice ;  what  counter  cheers  from  my  own  heart  answering 
the  cheer  of  uninjured  convalescents.  And  where  I  cannot  cure,  and 
cannot  retard  decease,  I  have  done  no  mischief,  and  introduced  no 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  17 

unseemliness,  and  for  the  rest  I  feel  that  I  am  embarked  in  an  ever- 
advancing  art  and  science,  and  that  future  years,  and  my  more  loving 
and  living  Homoeopathic  successors,  will  yet  win  vast  waste  lands 
from  the  domain  of  the  now  incurable,  and  plant  the  fences  of  health 
and  vigor  in  a  realm  of  constitutions  which  lie  as  yet  beyond  my 
feeble  powers. 

30.  Each  man,  Sir,  and  my  Countrymen,  as  he  writes   his  little 
book,  or  says  his  little  say,  takes  the  color  of  his  times,  and  gains 
that  metaphorical  element  that  lies  on  every  word,  from  the  hues  of 
the  public  life  with  which  he  is  surrounded.     Let  them  then  say  now, 
that  it  is  the  above  living  faith  in  medicine,  corne  down  to  us  re- 
newed by  Homosopathy,  that  makes  its  small  resolved  band  not  only 
courageous  at  the  bedside,  but  full  of  joy  in  the  presence  of  the  vast 
extended  lines  of  the  medical  foe :  servants  of  a  truth  that  makes  us 
free,  the  handful  of  us  is  more  than  a  match  for  the  myriad  serfs  of 
routine  and  dogma,  led  on  by  the  old  Nicholas,  Prejudice.     Quantity 
in   drugs   fails  to  cure  sickness,  and  quantity  in  doctors  will  be  no 
more  successful,  though  in  solid-looking  squares  of  infantry  of  Apoth- 
ecaries and  light  cavalry  of  physicians,  in  rescuing  the  old  medical 
profession.     The  bayonet  point,  which  is  the  exigency  of  the  public 
service  and  the  sharpness  of  facts,  shall  disperse  the  serf  masses,  and 
leave  us  victors  on  the  field. 

31.  1  must  still  further  notice  to  you  another  dodge  of  those  who 
dream  against  Homoeopathy  ;  the  common  saw,  that  it  is  all  very  well 
in  chronic  diseases,  but  inapplicable  to  emergencies  and  acute  cases. 
The  first  sure  thing  is,  that  it  is  applicable  to  acute  cases,  and  cures 
them  with  marvellous  rapidity ;  to  this  I  can  make  affidavit  from 
daily  deeds :  there  is  a  positive  pleasure  in  the  velocity  and  certainty 
of  such  cures  under  simple  circumstances  of  inflammation,  and  of 
course  where  the  disease  does  not  fall  upon  the  soil  of  a  bad  or  broken- 
down  constitution.     Where  the  latter  is  the  case,  Homoeopathy  too 
will  do  more  than  any  thing  else.     My  assertion  is  borne  out  by  hun- 
dreds of  practitioners  in  all  parts  of  these  islands,  of  the  British  pos- 
sessions, and  of  the  civilized  world ;  from  the   Himalayas  to   New 
Orleans,  cholera  and  yellow  fever  and   other  kindred  fiends,  cower, 
crouch,  and  run  away  before  the  Homoeopathic  rifles  :  the  experience 
of  these  practitioners  is  duly  registered,  and  may  be  easily  read  ;  they 
use  no  other  drugs  but  the  Homoeopathic  means,  with  of  course  an 
abundant  realm  of  hygienic  resources  also,  fine  dieting,  skilful  cold 
water,  cheery  words,  real  hopeful  faces  not  stereotyped  smiles,  mes- 
merism and  the  rest :    and  these    practitioners   have    an    abundant 
clientry,  who  are  not  used  to  run  away   from  them  to  the  violent 
inefficacious  people,  whenever  disease  is  sharp  and  sudden.     More- 
over, these  Homoeopaths  are  the  only  evidence  proffered  in  the  case ; 
for  their  opponents  have  made  no  experiments  of  their  means,  have 
no  skill  in  making  such,  and  are  consequently  out  of  court.     All  the 
testimony  then  is  on  one  side,  in  favor  of  Homo3opathy ;  and   on. 
the  other  there  is  nothing  but  an  irrational  growl  of  impossible,  and 
improbable  ;  —  words  from  sentiments  that  would  have  choked  steam, 
electric  telegraphs,  and  all  our  recent  gifts  of  God,  if  they  could  have 
forbidden  experiment.     Our  direct  evidence  then  is  a  sufficient  reply 

o 


18  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

to   the   unbased   thought,   that  Homoeopathy   cannot   tackle    acute 
diseases. 

32.  I  see,   however,  in   the  thought   an    entire    scepticism    of  the 
powers  of  medicine  on  the  part  of  the   Allopaths.     If  drugs  have 
any  power  over  a  disease  lasting  for  months  and  years,  and  whose 
roots  therefore  are  of  terrible  tvvistiness  and  oaken  toughness,  is  it 
likely  they  should  be  impotent  over  mushroom  inflammations,  mere 
ebullitions  -of  the  blood,  caused  by  cold,  anger,  grief,  and  other  mo- 
mentary occasions  ?     The   Allopaths   must  rather  mean,  that  in    a 
disease  of  years'  standing,   nothing  in  the  guise  of  medicine   has  a 
better  chance  of  being  mistaken  for  something,  than   in  a  disease 
which  kills,  or  ceases,  in  a  few  hours.     They  imply  therefore  that 
chronic  patients  are  greater  gulls  than  acute.     In  the  long  run    I 
doubt  even  this.     But  at  any  rate  it  is  evident  after  the  fact  of  the 
great  efficiency  of  Homoeopathy  in  rapid  inflammations,  that  all  prob- 
ability is  on  the  same  side  :  that  a  system  capable  of  treating  chronic 
cases  successfully,  is  a  fortiori  strong  in  combating  acute  diseases. 
Weeds  a  night  old  are,  I  repeat  it,  more  easy  to  rid  from  the  earth 
than  primeval  forests ;  and  such  is  precisely  the  analogy  between 
acute  and  chronic  diseases.     I  grant,  however,  that  you  must  know 
how  to  do  these  small  jobs  of  health  gardening,  or  the  weeds  will 
choke  your  field  betimes.     But  then  happily  the  Homoeopaths  do  know 
how. 

33.  Here  let  me  say  a  word  about  the  only  way  of  investigating 
Homoeopathy.     If  you  merely  wish  to  know  what  the  facts  of  th6 
case  are,  you  must  receive  them  from  those  who  have  elicited  them, 
and  whose  testimony,  world-wide,  is  unopposed.     You  cannot  gain- 
say them  :  you  might  as  well  deny  the  statistics  of  the  Board  of 
Health,  or  the  tables  of  meteorological  observations.     This  is  how- 
ever but  a  passive  reception,  though  affirmative  of  necessity,  such 
as  you  give  to  Botany,  or  Mathematics,  or  Diamagnetism,  or  any 
other    science   which    you    do    not    intend    to    work    out    yourself. 
But  if  you  would  be  a  Homoeopath  you  must  proceed  a  step  farther, 
see  practice  by  others,  then  practise  for  yourself,  and  actually  treat 
diseases.     There  is  no  trying,  or  proving,  no  active  knowledge  of 
Homoeopathy,  but  only  this.     Your  opinion  as  to  what  Homoeopathy 
is,  always  measures  itself  by  your  answer  to  the  question  —  How 
many  cases  have  you  fairly  treated,  or  seen  treated?     Every  success- 
ful aim  with  a  drug  lightens  it  up  from  the  great  sun  of  facts,  and 
engraves  its  angel  property  of  relief  on  your  soul  forever :  that  piece 
of  knowledge  is  so  active  to  you  that  scepticism  will  never  come 
near  it.     One  such  good  deed  with  one  of  these  natural  substances 
God  has  given  us,  is  like  a  virtue  to  a  place ;  its  transaction  makes 
hallowed  ground,  and  creates  human  or  historic  memory.     I  know 
no  way  of  learning  Homoeopathy  at  all  short  of  this.     When  each 
article  of  Materia  Medica  has  got  its  knightly  spurs  for  us  in  this 
way,  then  for  the  first  time  it  defends  itself  in  our  minds.     So  our 
point  is  that  skilful  practice  is  the  king  of  belief,  and  that  he  who  has 
not  attained  to  that  has  not  investigated  Homoeopathy.     In  all  this, 
Homoeopathy  is  precisely  on  a  par  with  every  other  business.  Of  course 
we  have  here  left  entirely  on  one  side  those  who  will  not  submit  to 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  19 

this  ordeal:  they  are  in  very  fact  those  who  have  some  other  calling 
without  knowing  it,  and  do  not  wish  to  enter  on  this  profession, 
yet  have  an  unfortunate  hanker  against  it  which  spoils  them  for 
their  own  vocation. 

34.  But  failing  utterly  to  show  that  Homoeopathy  is  either  impos- 
sible, improbable,  inadequate,  slow  or  unready,  they  turn  round  upon 
its  practitioners,  and  assert  that  they  are  men  who  could  not  get  on 
in  the  old  practice,  and  that  therefore  they  have  taken  refuge  in 
Homoeopathy  as  one  of  the  last  forms  of  quackery.     I  am  fond  of 
making  a  proper  admission  on  this  head.     It  is  indeed  true  and  after- 
wards likely  that  the  men  who  can  study  and  apply  the  exquisite  sys- 
tem of  specific  treatment  called  Homoeopathy,  must  have  felt  ill  at 
ease  in  handling  the  gross,  low  and  destructive  means  of  the  old 
calling.     To  accuse  them  on  this  score,  is  to  impugn  all  those  who 
have  the  heart  to  rise  from  the  ranks ;  and  who  feel  that  the  lower 
walk  is  too  low  and  too  unclean  for  them.     Is  it  remarkable  that  a 
born  general,  who  has  the  word  of  command  instinct  within  him, 
but  who  from  adventitious  circumstances  is  as  yet  a  private,  should 
feel  choky  when  he  is  blacking  the  boots,  or  grooming  the  horse  of 
some  pert  ensign.     Depend  upon  it  that  the  pressure  and  goad  of  his 
innate  vocation  will  make  him  an  indifferent  shoeblack,  and  a  clum- 
sy stableman.     And  so  most  surely  a  fitness  for  Homoeopathic  practice 
will  cause  the  possessor  to  fall  short,  both  in  skill  and  success,  of  the 
jog-trot  Allopathist,  so  long  as  he  is  obliged, 'by  any  circumstances,  to 
continue  in  a  field  to  which  he  does  not  belong.     It  is  reported  in  the 
same  way  that  John  Bunyan  was  an  exceedingly  bad  cobbler :  and 
the  world  blesses  the  fact.     The   progress  of  every  pilgrim  from  the 
lower  to  the  higher  station  is  likely  to  be  accompanied  with  some 
excellent  incompetency  of  the  kind. 

35.  They  say  too  that  the   Homoeopaths  have  added  nothing  to 
medical  science:  by  which   science  they  mean  their  own  jogtrot. 
Posterity  however  will  not  be  slow  to  acknowledge  that  Hahnemann 
has  created  therapeutical  medicine,  by  furnishing  it  with  a  central 
lawr  round  which  the  healing  facts  and  instances  of  ages,  revolve ; 
which  has  a  new  breadth  of  inductive  basis  like  the  other  new  pro- 
gressive sciences ;  and  a  coextensive  wealth  of  deductions,  which  go 
direct  into    practical    usefulness.     Until    Hahnemann  was    sent   by 
providence,  there  was  not  one  drug  that  was  known  by  more  than 
accident ;  each  had  come  up  from  the  common  people  and  the  sim-' 
piers,  to  whom  it  was  known  by  either  tradition,  original  hap,  dogs 
curing  themselves  by  it  in  the  grass,  accidental  poisoning,  or  some 
other  fortuity  :  it  was  applied  to  just  the  original  cases  by  the  faculty, 
or  at  best  by  guess  to  a  limited  circle  of  allied  symptoms  :   and  this 
was  Materia  Medica.     After  Hahnemann  the  leading  drugs  are  al- 
ready known  in  their  effects  upon  every  region  of  the  organism,  head, 
chest,  abdomen,  arms  and  legs;  mind  and  sensations  :  each  medicinal 
substance  discloses  a  rich  mine  of  symptoms :  and  what  is  significant, 
the  law  of  similia  similibus  curantur  is  no  cold  abstraction,  but  di- 
rectly applies  the  drug  symptom  elicited  in  the  healthy  organism,  to  the 
cure  of  some  similar  symptoms  of  disease.     I  know  no  instance  of 
the  conversion  of  an  intellectual  so  directly  into  a  humanitary  law : 


20  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

nothing  more  unitedly  creditable  to  the  heart  and  head  of  a  great 
discoverer,  than  this  principle  announced  by  the  lips  of  Hahnemann. 
And  in  all  the  range  of  the  exact  sciences,  there  need  be  nothing 
more  exact,  than  the  tallying  of  drug  symptoms  with  symptoms  of 
diseases,  in  the  hands  of  a  skilful  practitioner.  It  is  positively  a  con- 
crete and  practical  as  well  as  an  exact  science  —  this  science  of  the 
correspondence  of  therapeutics  with  practical  healing. 

36.  Perhaps  however  without  an  example  you  are  hardly  aware  of 
what  I  mean  by  this  principle  and  this  correspondence.     Let  me  then 
illustrate.     Ipecacuanha  is  a  drug  familiarly  known  to  cause  vomit- 
ing ;  and  in   Hahnemann's  proving  a   number  of  other  affections. 
Now  then  here,  in  this  substance,  we  have  a  prime  remedy  for  vomiting 
when  it  occurs  as  any  part  of  the  train  of  symptoms  which  belong  to 
Ipecacuanha.     Yet  another  instance.     Tobacco  (tabacum)  produces 
depression  and -deadly  faintness  on  those  unused  to  it;  and  there  is, 
to  my  knowledge,  no  more  likely  remedy  for  those  states,  often  cur- 
ing them  at  once,  and  preventing  their  recurrence,  than  this  very  ta- 
bacum.    So  also  arsenic  produces  inflammation  of  the  stomach  ;  and 
it  is  a  potent  remedy  for  that  malady.     Each  medicine  requires  to  be 
given  in  the  infinitesimal  doses ;  for  two  reasons :  1.  Because  other- 
wise it  would  directly  increase  the  disease,  going  specifically  as  it 
does  to  the  very  atoms  of  the  diseased  part.     2.  Because  in  the  in- 
finitesimal form  it  has  a  wider   and  more  profound  curative  power 
than  when  administered  in  the  gross.     The  facts  prove  that  it  is  so, 
and  control  probability. 

37.  We  see  therefore  in  thus  giving  the  symptoms  produced  by 
drugs,  that  we  are  collecting  the  precise  means  of  extinguishing  dis- 
eases ;  and  by  the  proving  of  each  new  drug  we  may  hope  to  be  able 
to  do  acts  of  cure  which  were  impossible  before.     In  this  way  may 
we  not  expect  that  the  whole  field  of  disease  which  has  any  real  anal- 
ogy with  symptoms  produced  by  medicines,  will  be  brought  under 
control?     Most  clearly  so.     And  as  all  mental  and  moral  affections 
also  produce  physical  effects  on  the  organism,  these   effects  can  be 
reached  by  the  same  means ;  and  the  causes   at  all  events  be  pre- 
vented from  producing  lasting  derangements  in  the  body.     Mental 
diseases  belong  to  a  different  department,  but  they  too  are  in  a  de- 
gree prevented  from  waxing  when  their  natural  feet  are  taken  away 
in  the  removal  of  their  bodily  correspondents. 

38.  This  then  is  what  Hahnemann  has  done  —  to  evoke  and  train 
disciplined  legions  of  drugs  to  wage  the  battle  against  the  legions  of 
disease :  he  found  a  sullen  and  scattered  tribe  of  untutored  warriors; 
he  left  it  a  mighty  army,  and  one  whose  ranks  are  filling  with  every 
year :  and  greatest  praise  of  all,  whilst  heightening  his  powers  of 
cure,  he  has  made  them  utterly  harmless  for  destruction  and  offence. 
What  other  man  since  the  world  began  ever  set  in  motion  the  first 
beginning  of  so  great  a  movement.     Printing,    gunpowder,    steam, 
electricity,  the  true  astronomy,  and  all  the  realms  of  facts  revealed, 
build  up  our  needful  parts,  and  edify  the  societies  of  the  world ;  but 
this  matter,  of  slaying  the  old  dragon  medicine,  and  successfully  at- 
tacking disease  with  a  charmed  new  medicine  and  alkahest  distilled 
out  of  that  dragon's  blood,  is  an  affair  that  builds  the  very  bones  and 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  21 

flesh  of  the  race,  prepares  new  generations  of  health  with  successive 
births,  and  is  properly  the  foundation,  plasma  and  recipient  of  all 
other  benefits  of  art  and  science,  and  of  all  benefactions  of  God. 

39.  But  besides  that  Homoeopathy  has  created  Materia  Medica, 
you  will  also  find  that  it  has  placed  symptomatology,  or  the  doctrine 
of  symptoms,  upon   an  entirely  new  basis,  from  which   important 
results  will  follow.     In  the  old  system,  medicine  has  gathered  up  all 
her  knowledge  under  a  few  general  heads  of  classification.     These 
are  no  doubt  useful  and  convenient,  as  the  medical  man's  account 
of  disease.     But  then  they  are  somewhat  abstract  and  scanty,  and 
are  apt  to  degenerate  into  mere  names.     There  is  however  another 
department,  and  that  is,  the  patient's  account  of  the  disease :  a  much 
longer  story ;  full  of  odd  sensations  and  experiences,  and  very  little 
listened  to  as  yet     The  doctors  in  general  only  hear  enough  of  it  to 
enable  them  to  glean  what  they  consider  to  be  the  matter  according 
to  their  classification,  but  a  good  part  of  the  sad  wealth  of  the  tale, 
passes  their  ears  without  entering  them.     They  parry  it  and  put  it 
aside  as  non-essential.     Homoeopathy  does  not   do  this,  because  it 
wants  precise  symptoms  to  correspond  with  the  precision  it  has  at- 
tained in  the  effects  of  drugs  upon  the  system  ;  and  these  symptoms 
it  takes  from  the  reliable  lips  of  the  patient  himself.     Accordingly  it 
alone  embraces  the  true  and  particular  chronicles  of  disease.     In  con- 
sequence, a  new  domain  is  entered  by  it,  and  a  new  nosology  created. 
In  a  universal  sense,  this  is  something  parallel  to  what  the  stethoscope 
has  done  in  the  diseases  of  heart  and  lungs,  in  which  you  no  longer 
keep  at  a  distance  from  the  patient's  chest,  and  guess  the  condition 
within,  but  you  put  your  ear, 'and  hear  the  state  of  the  breathing  and 
the  rhythm  of  the  beating.     So  in  Homoeopathy,  you  take  the  pa- 
tient's words  as  a  kind  of  tube  which  reveals  to  your  very  ear  the 
universal  condition  of  his  morbid  sensations.     A  vast  and  untrodden 
region  also  now  awaits  future  medical  discoverers  here,  in  the  corre- 
spondence of  sensations,  pains  and  discomforts  with  physical  morbid 
states  :  as  for  instance,  what  the  state  of  pieces  of  the  brain  is  during 
stabbing  headaches,  during  feelings  of  an  iron  band  round  the  fore- 
head, and  other  parts,  and  so  forth.     So  you  see  that  Homoeopathy 
can  justly  claim  to  have  created  not  only  Materia  Medica,  but  also 
the  living  history  of  disease;  and  the  latter,  by  the  simple  and   hu- 
mane method  of  setting  some  store  by  the  patient's  own  account  of 
his  feelings. 

40.  But  what  Hahnemann  has  done  will  appear  more  clearly  from 
the  sequel,  when  I  direct  your  attention  to  the  functions  of  a  Board 
of  Health,  which  are  now  for  the  first  time  clear  and  feasible  from  his 
life  and  actions.     At  present  I  will  only  remark  that  his  shining  wake 
is  occupied  by  active  successors,  who  not  content  with  their  daily 
rounds  of   healthgiving,  are  also  laboring  earnestly  at   the  proving 
and  winning  of  new  drugs,  that  fill  their  places  in  the  great  chart  of 
remedial  science.     Such  are  the  additions  to  Materia  Medica  of  la- 
chesis,  cobra,  podophyllum,  and  many  others,  known  nothing  of  by 
the  orthodox  profession,  and   yet  most  indispensable  in  some  of  the 
worst  maladies  at  the  bed  of  sickness.     I  mention  this  to  show  that 
in  Homoeopathy,  we  have  a  progressive  science  and  a  progressive  art. 


22  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

This  is  not  the  case  with  old  physic.  A  progressive  science  is  one 
which,  on  the  foundation  of  to-day,  builds  the  basement  of  to-mor- 
row, the  structure  of  the  next  day,  the  superstructure  of  the  next; 
and  so  on  :  that  is  to  say,  which  preserves  the  past  continually  in  the 
present.  Old  physic  is  no  progressive,  but  a  transitive  science,  always 
digging  new  foundations  ;  busy  in  the  bowels  of  the  earth  on  Sun- 
day :  deserting  that  hole,  and  making  a  new  one  on  Monday:  another 
on  Tuesday  :  and  so  on  through  the  everlasting  animal  weeks.  It 
has  therefore  no  age  in  it,  and,  strange  as  it  may  appear,  Homoe- 
opathy is  older  than  what  calls  itself  orthodoxy,  which  dates  its  con- 
stant year  1,  from  the  last  new  discoveries  of  chemistry.  Homoeop- 
athy, on  the  other  hand,  holds  what  it  has,  and  by  the  constant  liv- 
ing agency  of  its  law,  adds  rapid  accretions  of  valuable  and  really 
habitable  facts.  The  discoveries  of  Hahnemann  are  the  pith  and 
marrow,  and  the  first  ring  of  growth  ;  others  already  are  formed 
around  these:  and  so  it  will  be  with  the  mighty  oak  of  therapeutics, 
in  which  the  vast  girth  of  a  thousand  years  hence,  will  enclose  in 
tender  keeping  the  sapling  of  the  Hahnemannian  art. 

41.  Sir,  and  my  Countrymen,  I  have  troubled  you  with  something 
very  like  a  squabble,  and  bandied  words  with  old  physic  in  your  offi- 
cial parlor,  because,  for  other  reasons,  and  besides  that  we  have  been 
provoked,  I  meet  the  good-for-nothing  old  fellow  there,  making  the 
most  pompous  requests  of  public  opinion  and  of  the  Government  of 
this  country.  After  having  vacated  all  his  public  functions,  and  in- 
terfered with  the  ediles  and  the  street  sweepers,  he  comes  with  the 
loudest  double  raps  at  the  door  of  Parliament,  to  request  that  his  va- 
cant chair  may  be  kept  vacant  and  still  called  his ;  and  that  all  un- 
qualified practitioners,  and  all  branches  of  healing,  unrecognized  by 
his  clubs,  may  be  summarily  dealt  with.  Whoso  is  not  "  registered  " 
in  his  book  of  life,  is  to  be  hauled  before  a  magistrate,  and  dismissed 
the  neighborhood  in  which  his  heterodoxy  flourishes.  Many  a  good 
Homoeopathic  sphere  of  usefulness  might  thus  be  cut  short;  and 
many  a  private  envy,  hatred  and  malice  be  gratified  at  the  expense 
of  the  public.  And  the  reason  for  dealing  summarily  with  us  would 
be,  that  we  are  guilty  of  "  irregular  practice."  Now  "  regular  prac- 
tice "  means,  if  any  thing,  practice  according  to  certain  rules  previously 
laid  down,  but  where,  O  !  ye  sharpest  sighted,  arc  the  rules  in  the  old 
practice  of  medicine?  I  know  of  no  rules  approximating  to  any  thing 
like  certainty,  and  connected  even  with  the  subject,  but  the  figures 
of  the  bills  of  mortality.  Be  it  enacted  then  that  sixty-five  persons 
out  of  every  hundred  attacked  shall  die  of  cholera;  whoso  cures  sev- 
enty out  of  the  hundred  is  by  the  aggravating  fact  of  thirty-live  citi- 
zens saved,  an  irregular  practitioner.  Be  it  enacted  that  two  hun- 
dred souls  do  decease  out  of  the  Ville  de  Paris  next  time  that  good 
ship  is  in  the  Black  Sea:  otherwise  rule,  nay,  experience,  will  be  vio- 
lated ;  and  some  Homceopathist  will  have  to  bear  the  brunt  of  hav- 
ing outraged  the  old  colleges  by  rescuing  110  French  sailors  from  a 
water  burial.  Is  not  such  irregularity  in  all  departments  of  medicine 
the  one  thing  needful,  and  who  can  tell  how  to  get  it,  but  by  allowing 
the  widest  liberty  to  all  kinds  of  practice.  The  wildest  freaks  of  in- 
vention cannot  be  more  deadly  than  the  orthodox  rules.  No  quack. 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  23 

even  if  he  came  at  the  head  of  a  battalion,  each  man  carrying  a  re- 
volver, and  declared  that  his  patent  consisted  in  the  discharge  of  its 
pills  among  the  crew,  could  be  more  alarming  than  these  regulars 
with  their  smiles  before,  and  their  statistics  afterwards.  Understand, 
then,  Sir,  and  my  Countrymen,  that  the  danger  here  does  not  lie  on 
the  side  of  irregular  practice. 

42.  Nothing  can  be  gained  by  putting  down  what  you  please  to 
call  quacks.     There  are  many  men  and  women,  who  from  circum- 
stances cannot  obtain  a  diploma,  but  who  have  a  medical  eye  in  their 
heads  worth  a  thousand  times  the  sigillum  maximum  of  the  best  col- 
lege upon  earth.     A  Preissnitz  is  an  example  that  shines  with  its  own 
unborrowed  light,  and  shows  that  nature  is  the  fountain  of  every  pro- 
fession, and  raises  sons  to  enlarge  and  supersede  it  when  it  grows  old 
and  stiff'.     If  these  men,  too,  are   limited,  and  kill  sometimes,  it  is 
precisely  because  they  now  and  then  take  a  leaf  out  of  the  book  of 
the  old  routine,  —  because  they  have  moments  of  orthodoxy  and  ped- 
antry, and  sink  occasionally  into  the  false  estate  o.f  rules  and  ruts : 
but  where  their  instincts  and  their  humanity  are  awake  and  active, 
they  are  safe  and  healing.     Their  murders  by  pedantry,  though  lam- 
entable, are  as  nothing  to  those  which  take  place  on  the  old  plan. 

43.  What  I  should  propose  to  Parliament,  instead  of  this  attempt 
to  put  down  "  quacks,"  is  a  simple  bill  making  it  obligatory  upon 
each  medical  practitioner,  man  or  woman,  to  declare  their  style  and 
titles  without  reserve.  -  Let  any  one  in  the  kingdom  who  pleases  be 
a  doctor,  but  let  him  or  her  say  where  they  got  the  degree.     If  they 
have  taken  it  by  what  they  conceive  to  be  natural  right,  let  them  be 
forced  to  add  S.D.,  or  Self-Dubbed  ;  or  N.M.D.C.R.  Lond. :  the  N 
signifying  Non;  or  indeed  any  other  letters  intelligibly  conveying 
their  particular  assumption.     And  let  there  be  a  general  registration 
of  all  medical  practitioners  of  every  class,  done  with  no  partiality  for 
any  alumnus,  or  any  sex ;  so  that  the  public  shall  know  exactly  the 
credentials  of  those  whose  brass  plates  they  see,  and  whom  they  may 
choose  to  call  in.     By  this  means  credentials  will  have  whatever 
weight  belongs  to  them,  and  the  light  of  honesty  will  shine  out  upon 
the  stock  and  origin  of  each   man's   or  woman's  first  pretensions. 
And  as  there  will  be  no  slur  in  being  undubbed  or  self-dubbed,  so  let 
no  concealment  be  tolerated,  but  summary  jurisdiction  await  those 
who,  after  reasonable  notice,  are  not  duly  registered.     Let  also  the 
taking  of  an  unauthorized  title  be  a  case  of  swindling.     The  regis- 
tration itself  must  be  in  the  hands  of  the  tax  collectors,  or  some  other 
house-to-house   functionaries,  and   be  altogether   exempt   from   the 
hands  of  the  old  medical  profession.     And  the  book  of  registration 
must  be  an  annual  Government  report.     The  colleges,  of  course,  can 
publish  lists  of  their  own  members,  and  any  other  matters  of  private 
interest  to  themselves. 

44.  There  is  no  more  reason,  Sir,  why  Government  should  directly 
patronize  one  kind  of  medical  education,  and  destroy  the  practice  of 
those  medical  practitioners  who  have  not  received  it,  than  why  they 
should  grant  privileges  to  one  set  of  bakers,  landlords,  or  butchers, 
and    declare  all  others  irregular.     Happily  nowadays,  honesty  and 
competency  have  so  far  gained  a  standing,  that  they  will  take  care  of 


24  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

themselves  without  the  props  of  Government  patronage ;  and  the  di- 
ploma of  a  good  medical  college,  certifying  to  a  sound  education, 
.will  have  all  the  force  that  is  desirable  without  being  armed  with  the 
terrors  of  the  magistracy.  The  fear  rather  is,  that  respectability  of  it- 
self should  overbear  all  other  more  native  gifts ;  and  this  will  continue 
to  be  the  case  long  after  medicine  has  entered  the  splendid  path  of 
free  trade.  On  the  other  hand,  by  opening  the  gates  of  medicine, 
you  will  allow  new  medical  education  to  arise,  and  by  competing 
with  the  old,  to  exact  a  greater  perfection,  and  a  great  strictness  in 
all  departments.  Thereafter  we  shall  have  real  medical  enterprise  ; 
and  this  kind  of  central  and  lifegiving  energy  is  the  only  thing  that 
ought  to  be  protected  by  the  State.  The  protection  consists  in  the 
maintenance  of  entire  liberty. 

45.  Were  the  contrary  system  to  be  carried  out,  according  to  the 
wish  of  the  old  profession,  medical  science  would  walk  about  with  a 
cord  round  its  throat,  which  becoming  gradually  tighter  and  tighter, 
must  eventually  strangle   it.     Only  fancy  the  law  against  irregular 
practice  put  in  strict  force,  and  what  would  happen  ?     After  the  Ho- 
moeopaths were  destroyed  by  it,  the  least  routine  of  the  old  doctors 
would  begin  to  be  eyed  savagely  by  their  more  orthodox  fellows  :  the 
last  set  of  allopathic  ideas  and  experiments  would  give  up  the  ghost 
under  the  hangman's  noose.     Then  another  batch  of  more  timid  nov- 
elty seekers  would  come  on  the  tumbril  to  the  gallows.     And  so  on, 
by  successive  processions  to  death,  of  all  that  had  a  semblance  of 
progress  ;  until  at  length  a  few  old  barber  surgeons  and  centenarian 
physicians  would  represent  the  medical  profession.     Wakley  and  Co. ' 
would  be  the  Last  Man  —  left  blooming  alone;  tearful  roses  of  the 
desert ;  for  too  late  they  might  find  out  that  though  extreme  degrees 
of  heterodoxy,  such  as  Homoeopathy,  may  profitably  be  crushed,  yet 
that  to  carry  out  the  principle  of  demolishing  all  medical  heresies,  is 
to  involve  the  sanguinary  Lance^and  its  subscribers  in  one  common 
ruin.     We  appeal  to  them  therefore,  by  their  dear  love  of  coin,  not 
to  enter  upon  a  path  at  the  end  of  which  their  own  destined  work- 
house lies. 

46.  Moreover  in  this  land,  one  of  our  noblest  advances  consists  in 
having  attained  to  the  very  reverse  of  this  kind  of  slavery  of  articles, 
tenets  and  subscriptions  in  other  most  important  matters.     Time  was 
when  Quaker  itinerants  and  Methodist  ministers  were  hunted  down 
by  the  law,  and  baited  by  the  rabble  instigated  by  the  gentry :  but 
that  time  has  gone  forever.     Religious  dissent  is  not  only  allowed ; 
but  any  one  can  be  Reverend  who  pleases ;  provided,  I  presume,  he 
does  not  take  a  false  title,  and  commit  an  act  of  swindling.     Mean- 
time, the  universities  have  maintained  all  their  standing;  and    the 
claimants  for  their  honors  and  degrees  are  not  less  numerous  than 
heretofore.     Is  it  likely  that  a  Parliament  and  a  people  which  have  for 
some  centuries  successfully  waged  the  war  of  religious  toleration, 
should  now  rear  the  banner  of  medical  absolutism  ;  and  allow  the 
doctors,  who  cannot  even  pretend  to  any  such  approach  to  unity  as 
Thirty-nine  Articles,  to  eject  from  their  houses,  homes  and  occupations 
all  medical  dissenters,  simply  because  they  do  not  bow  the  knee  to 
that  great  veiled  idol,  (which  I  suspect  to  be  merely  a  gold-laced  coat 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  25 

and  a  pair  of  official  beadle's  breeches  with  nobody  in  them,)  called 
Regular  Practice? 

47.  If  all  other  reasons  were  wanting  against  such  a  consummation, 
there  is  a  reason  of  decency  which  would  still  be  valid  to  every  true- 
born  Briton.     If  we  are  to  have  a  connection  of  medicine  with  the 
State  like  the  connection  of  Church  and   State,  her  most  gracious 
Majesty  Queen  Victoria,  God  bless  her,  must  then  become  Defender 
of  the  Pharmacopoeia,  as  she  is  now  Defender  of  the  Faith.     Regina, 
Defensor   Fidei,  necnon  et  Pharmacopoeia  Londinensis !     The    very 
penny  pieces  would  blush  in  their  brazen  faces  to  find  her  sacred  im- 
age so  associated.     The  pockets  of  every  one  of  us,  if  not  made  of 
impudence  or  asbestos,  would  be  scorched  into  holes  by  the  burning 
Britannia  on  the  obverse.     This  reason  alone  is  demonstration  that 
Parliament  will  never  consent  to  place  her  Majesty  and  the  coin  of 
this  realm  in  so  base  a  juxtaposition  ;  which  yet  they  must  clearly  do, 
if  once  they  connect  the  State  with  the  medical  colleges.     Nay  worse, 
but  where  is  this  to  end  ?     Were  Parliament,  Sir,  and  my  Country- 
men, so  weak,  or  indeed  so   mad,  every  other  calling  in  the  empire 
would,  on  principle,  exact  a  similar  connection.     The  Queen  would 
become,  by  consent  of  her  poor  checkmated  ministers,  defender  of 
orthodox  cheesemongery,  orthodox  old  clothes,  orthodox  and  regular 
boots  and  shoes,  and  all  other  departments  of  traffic.     Very  shortly 
after  that,  both  Houses  of  Convocation  would  humbly  petition  to  be 
disconnected  from  her  most  gracious  Majesty  ;  the  Church  in  a  body 
would  join  the  Dissenters,  and  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury  contu- 
maciously preach  in   Ebenezer  Chapel  on  alternate   Sundays  with 
Rev.  Lohaire  Stratekutt ;  and  all  this  ruin  would  have  been  effected 
to  please  Mr.  Brady  and  his  aiders  and  abetters  of  the  old  medical 
schools.     Thus  conservatism  and  medical  Puseyism  would  in  the  end 
turn  out  to  be  revolution  ;  a  word  and  a  thing  which  every  good  cit- 
izen abhors.     Heaven  and  Lord  Palmerston  defend  us  from  so  dread 
a  crisis ! 

48.  How  is  it,  Sir,  that  other  branches  of  human  activity  flourish 
in  this  energetic  country  ?     Assuredly  by  no  government  protection. 
It  is  a  law  of  British  nature,  perhaps  of  universal  Man,  that  wherev- 
er a  monopoly  of  any  kind  is  given,  an  indifferent  article  is  sure  to 
be  the  result.     Were  we  angels  instead  of  Angles,  the  case  would  be 
to  some  extent  the  same.     For  one  great  evoker  of  excellence  and 
improvement  is  undoubtedly  contrast  and  comparison  of  different 
wares.     Under  monopoly,  whether  it  be  monopoly  granted  to  doc- 
trines, or   to   cotton,  or   breadstuffs,   there   is   neither   contrast   nor 
comparison,   nor   consequently  emulation,  but   a   single  unvarying 
method  of  production,  and  a  single  result.     Society,  made  up  of  di- 
verse members  —  each  exciting  the  other  in  the  great  race  of  which 
the  world  is  the  course,  protests  by  its  very  constitution  against  any 
nation,  profession,  or  calling,  taking  up  a  position  which  is  fatal  to 
the  improvement  and  alteration  of  the  individual.     All  this  has  be- 
come so  trite  now,  and  in  the  most  material  sphere,  that  I  must  apol- 
ogize for  recapitulating  it.     However,  there  is  this  excuse :  it  is  as 
yet  imperfectly  seen  that  the  same  freedom  that  supplies  us  with 
bread  will  also  supply  us  with  physic. 

4 


26  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OP    HEALTH. 

49.  It  has  been  too  often  thought  that  institutions  create  the  handi- 
crafts and  mindcrafts  that  flourish  under  their  sway,  and,  as  I  think, 
often  in   spite  of  them.     The  fact  appears  to  be,  that  in  every  great 
nation  there  are  successive  drifts  in  its  mind  and   bent,  amounting  to 
a  national   organism;  and  which   incite  a  certain  portion  of  its  sons 
and  daughters  to  specific  occupations.     Thus  England  has  perhaps  a 
larger  proportion  of  maritime  drift  in  its  genius  than  other  countries, 
—  more  born  sailors.     Now  these  drifts  are  the  issue  of  a  fire  in  the 
very  heart's  heart,  which  is  always  pointing  its  flame  finger  towards 
its  objects.     Cunning  are  they  beyond  all  laws  and  thoughts,  to  find 
their  way  to  gratification,  for  they  are  human  instincts   a  thousand 
times  more  pressing  and  forcible  than  any  animal  instincts.     No  na- 
tion has  them  burning  in  the  deep  kilns  of  its  subterrene,  more  pow- 
erfully than  Britain,  and   hence  the  quantity  of  proverbial  wisdom 
directly  aiming  to  remove  impediments  to  their  gratification.     "A 
clear  stage  and  no  favor"  is  one  of  these  saws ;  and  this  is  in  reality 
all   that  is  wanted   by  an   industrious  people  from   its   Government. 
To  allow  each  man  to  get  scent  of  the  business  which  will  be  his 
forte,  and  to  exercise  it  without  hinderance,  is  the  single  point  to  be 
attained :    and  this   is  best  done   by   Government  assuming  as  its 
grand  end,  individual  freedom,  and  using  its  force  to  prevent  all  ex- 
ternal  pressure,   (especially  of  bodies   and   corporations,)   upon  the 
mind,  thought,  invention,  and  originality  of  the  private  man.     We 
may  rely  upon   it,  that  at  any  given   moment,  the  quantity  of  the  la- 
tent  instinct  brought  to  bear,  is  small  compared  with  that  which  is 
smothered   by  the  circumpressure  of  old   habits,  guilds  and   conven- 
tionalities; which  act  upon  the  genius  of  a  nation  much  as  Chinese 
nurses  upon  the  feet  of  female  infants,  and  stunt  it  into  ugly  Chinese 
beauty.     If,  therefore,  you  want  more  display  of  the  genius  of  phy- 
sic, just  take  off  the  iron  shoes   with  which  the  apothecaries  have 
shod  infant  medicine,  the  tight  garters  with  which  the  surgeons  have 
tourniquetted  its  legs;  the  crushing  stays  with  which  the  stately  phy- 
sicians have  given  it  a  wasp's  waist  instead  of  a  Hygeia's  heart  and 
lungs ;   the  choker  of    parliamentary  privilege  which  is  around    its 
neck,  and  the   great  stone  hat  of  monopoly  which  the  Journalists 
have  put  upon  its  head ;  and  let  it  have  loose  robes,  and  fairly  grow. 
You  will  then  see  what  goodly  proportions  the   Science  of  Healing 
has,  and  when  the  cruel  creases  of  its  bondage  have  been  outgrown, 
you  will   find   that    Nature  had  provided   it  with   a  beauty  and  a 
strength  that  only  wanted  a  clear  stage  and  no  favor  to  develop 
themselves. 

50.  It  is  manifest  too,  that  the  quantity  of  healing  in  a  commu- 
nity suffers  by   all  privileges  given   to  one  set  of  professors.     For 
medicine  is  not  one  only,  but  a  body  and   congeries  —  an   organism 
of  arts;  and   if  you  endow  those  whose  bent  calls  them   to  a  single 
branch,  you  thereby  discourage  and  probably  alienate  numerous  oth- 
er cultivators  whose  genius  incites  them  to  other  departments.     In 
this  way,  while  a  profession  seems  to  be  full,  it   may  really  be  over- 
stocked with   one   kind  of  practitioners  who  are  comparatively  little 
wanted,  and  offer  no  supply  of  other  descriptions,  for  which   there  is 
the, greatest  exigency.     And  this  takes  place   because  you  will  not 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  27 

leave  Nature's  and  Providence's  work  to  them,  but  undertake  it  with- 
out the  means  of  fulfilling  it.  Such  is  exactly  the  case  with  medi- 
cine at  present.  Drugs  and  dosers  there  are  in  abundance,  and 
straightway  the  cry  is,  that  the  science  and  art  of  healing  are  over- 
stocked ;  whereas  in  very  fact,  there  are  at  least  a  dozen  great 
departments  of  that  art  which  have  next  to  no  professors,  and  the 
bodies  of  men  suffer  from  the  law-enacted  banishment  of  eleven 
twelfths  of  their  ministers.  Of  consequence  the  young  men  and  the 
rising  talent  of  the  country  fail  of  their  native  occupations,  and 
irregular  lives  and  powers  thrown  away  are  too  often  observed 
among  us.  Nay,  these  compressed  and  stunted  instincts  breed  all 
kinds  of  social  diseases,  and  many  a  clever  dishonesty  has  undoubt- 
edly to  be  laid  to  the  door  of  the  monopolies  and  privileges  that 
have  barred  men  from  their  rightful  callings.  This  will  be  rectified, 
Sir,  and  my  Countrymen,  in  one  matter,  whenever  Parliament  leaves 
physic  entirely  alone  to  its  own  private  resources. 

51.  Of  course  whenever  a  practitioner  does  a  piece  of  culpable 
mischief,  he  will  still  be  as  liable  to  an  action  at  law,  for  an  assault, 
as  he  is  at  present.  The  only  difference  will  be,  that  his  diploma 
will  form  no  part  of  the  eloquence  of  counsel,  of  the  scrutiny  of 
medical  prosecutors,  or  of  the  prejudices  of  the  jury.  The  question 
will  be  as  to  the  injury  inflicted  by  his  incompetency,  violence,  or 
neglect.  I  do  not  anticipate  that  the  actions  against  non-licentiates 
of  colleges  will  become  more  numerous  than  at  present;  for  probably 
there  will  then  be  fewer  practising  non-licentiates  than  now,  because 
medical  education  will  become  immeasurably  less  expensive.  But 
there  will,  I  expect,  be  for  a  few  years  a  considerable  increase  of  law 
proceedings  against  the  regular  practitioners.  For  as  other  bodies  will 
have  come  into  the  field  on  a  perfectly  equal  footing,  —  bodies  that  use 
no  violent  means,  no  corrosive  drugs,  no  health-sapping  mercurials  —  it 
can  hardly  fail  to  happen  that  these  bodies,  and  the  individuals  they 
rear,  will  educate  the  public  in  their  own  sense  of  the  destructive 
doings  of  the  did  school,  in  their  own  horror  of  drugging  and  its 
effects ;  and  a  public,  so  tempered,  will,  it  may  easily  be  foreseen, 
/resent  the  frequent  cases  of  physical  ruin  from  drugs  and  bleedings 
|occurring  among  its  valued  members.  Many  new  legal  questions 
| will  thus  doubtless  arise:  as  this  for  instance :  whether  a  man  is  not 
[  entitled  to  compensation  for  having  lost  a  week's  work,  or  a  year's 
I  work,  from  a  black  draught,  or  a  hundred  such,  administered  to  the 
[  patient's  injury :  it  being  proved  by  parallel  Homoeopathic  cases, 
that  the  whole  of  this  treatment  could  have  been  done  without,  with 
benefit  to  the  man's  health,  and  insuring  his  speedy  recovery.  2. 
Whether  a  case  of  bleeding,  similarly  proved  to  be  no  part  of  the 
art  of  healing,  will  not  be  liable  to  heavy  costs  from  the  doctor  who 
has  shed  blood  under  professional  pretences.  For,  mark  you,  there  is 
now  an  art  in  the  world  which  has  disallowed  bleeding.  What  the 
damage  for  a  child's  teeth  rotted  out  of  its  head  by  calomel  treat- 
ment, when  Homoeopathy  would  have  cured  the  sickness  without, 
and  left  the  teeth  standing  ?  What  the  damages  for  a  little  boy 
ruptured  in  nature's  violent  struggle  to  regurgitate  the  nauseous 
mixture  which  Homoeopathy  would  have  had  no  call  to  give  him, 


28  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

and  which  left  him  worse  than  it  found  him,  pins  a  Hernia  for  the 
surgeon  to  take  care  of?  I  might  extend  the  list  of  actionable  and 
criminal  causes  to  any  amount:  but  these  will  suffice.  And  they 
will  inevitably  come  up,  as  I  said  before,  from  the  juxtaposition,  on 
equal  terms,  of  Homoeopathy  and  its  benign  means,  with  the  mur- 
derous old  practice  of  medicine.  Parliament  ought  to  be  prepared 
for  these  cases,  of  which  no  doubt  it  will  have  warning  in  the  per- 
plexities of  the  judges,  declaring  that  all  the  equity  is  on  the  side  of 
the  prosecution,  but  that  the  law  requires  to  be  brought  up  to  the 
progress  of  humane  events.  The  end  undoubtedly  will  be  to  strike 
at  the  root  of  the  mischief,  and  to  forbid  the  administration  of  drugs 
altogether  in  Allopathic  doses;  which  will  be  no  interference  with 
liberty,  but  simply  with  the  vend  and  application  of  palpable  poi- 
sons. This  has  been  done  already  with  arsenic,  oxalic  acid,  and 
other  deadly  substances,  so  far  as  the  public  is  concerned;  and  this, 
simply  because  it  is  known  that  the  public  can  do  without  such  mat- 
ters profitably,  and  can  make  no  good  use  of  them,  but  may  do  terri- 
ble harm.  Whenever  such  is  known  with  regard  to  the  doctors  and 
their  drugs  ;  when  moreover  it  is  known  that  their  chance  of  doing 
harm  is  a  hundred  fold  greater  than  that  of  a  man  who  buys  rat's 
bane  and  leaves  it  carelessly  for  his  household ;  the  same  corollary  of 
action  and  law  must  apply  to  them  also:  and  this  will  be  the  case 
when  once  the  public  is  instructed  in  Homoeopathy. 

52.  Nor  is  it  alone  in  medical  cases,  so  called,  that  Parliament  will 
ultimately  be  called  upon  to  interfere  in  protecting  the  liberties  of 
the  public,  and  modifying  the  institutions  that  have  grown  up  under 
the  despotism  of  the  colleges.  It  is  well  known  what  a  prejudice 
there  is  in  the  poorer  classes  against  our  hospitals.  This  is  due  to 
many  causes  ;  no  doubt  in  a  measure  to  a  certain  jealousy  that  poor 
people  have,  of  receiving  gratuitous  benefactions;  and  to  a  feeling 
that  when  within  those  walls,  they  are  encircled  by  a  power  that  has 
their  bodies  in  its  keeping,  and  which  may  try  experiments  with 
them  while  they  themselves  have  no  appeal.  I  believe  for  the  most 
part  that  the  poor  are  as  well  treated  by  old  physic  as  the  rich,  and 
perhaps  they  escape  sooner  out  of  its  clutches.  As  they  stand  affect- 
ed by  surgery,  however,  the  case  is  different ;  and  assuredly  numerous 
operations  are  annually  performed  by  adroit  s'urgeons  that  are  not 
warranted  by  medical  laws.  Surgery  is  the  residuum  and  caput 
mortuum  of  physic;  what  other  skill  cannot  cure  is  left  for  the  knife. 
Hence  the  amount  of  surgical  operations  is  determined  by  the  state 
of  the  medical  art;  where  this  is  high,  operations  are  few:  where  it 
is  bungling  and  injurious,  operative  surgery  is  multiplied.  Now  as 
we  know  that  old  physic  by  no  means  represents  what  can  be  done 
by  therapeutical  means,  it  follows  that  operations  are  in  the  main  not 
justifiable,  until  the  patients  have  had  the  better  chance  afforded  by 
Homo3opathic  treatment.  To  be  operated  on  at  the  dictum  of  an 
Allopath,  is  as  if  ,a  prisoner  were  to  be  condemned  by  a  coroner's 
jury,  and  executed  forthwith  :  when  we  know  that  there  is  a  still 
further  process  sifting  the  rights  of  life  and  justice,  and  that  a  grand 
jury  alone  can  decide  on  the  capital  events  of  a  case.  All  that  the 
Ailopathist  ought  to  do,  is  to  commit  a  patient  for  operation ;  the 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  29 

Homosopathist  alone  should  sentence  him  to  undergo  it.  Hence  the 
public  necessity,  in  the  interest  of  the  poor,  of  superadding,  by  au- 
thority of  Parliament,  a  coequal  Homo3Opathic  staff  to  each  and  all 
of  our  great  hospitals  and  infirmaries.  And  this  could  only  be  done 
fairly  by  giving  up  a  proportion  of  beds  to  the  Homreopaths,  who 
would  then  enter  upon  their  judicial  functions  in  full  medical  robes. 
I  have  long  felt  that  a  board  of  sanction  is  necessary  to  allow  or  dis- 
allow all  and  singular  operations  on  the  human  frame ;  and  to  pre- 
vent dapper  surgeons  from  cutting  off  what  they  can't  put  on  again ; 
and  this  is  all  the  more  necessary,  since  chloroform  has  rendered 
operations  so  painless  at  the  time,  that  tempting  bits  may  be  lopped 
without  the  least  expostulation  from  the  patient.  Now  then  is  the 
time  for  Parliament,  led  on  by  Mr.  Brady,  to  interfere.  The  Home- 
opaths may  do  the  old  profession  a  kind  service  here  ;  and  I  am  sure 
that  even  Mr.  Wakley  will  not  be  sorry  to  shift  some  part  of  the  re- 
sponsibility of  great  operations  on  to  their  shoulders.  Should  it 
unfortunately  happen  that  the  medical  officers  of  any  existing  hos- 
pital are  contumacious,  and  repudiate  their  new  colleagues,  Parlia- 
ment can  provide  for  the  case,  accept  their  resignation,  and  decree 
that  the  whole  staff  may  be  occupied  by  the  Homoeopathic  corps. 

53.  I  do  not  limit  these  remarks  to  cases  ordinarily  regarded  as 
medical  and  constitutional,  such  as  cancer,  scrofulous  swellings  of 
the  knee,  tumors,  and  the  like ;  for  in  fact  accidents  in  their  treat- 
ment and  cure  are  just  as  much  medical  cases  as  any  others.  One 
of  the  strangest  laches  of  the  old  profession  is  its  total  disregard,  nay 
now  total  oblivion  and  ignorance,  of  what  have  for  hundreds  of 
years  been  termed  vulnerary  remedies,  i.  e.,  medicaments  that  have  a 
direct  power  of  healing  injuries  and  wounds.  So  inscient  are  the 
doctors  of  the  existence  of  such  a  fact  that  I  doubt  not  they  will 
smile  at  my  extreme  credulity  in  alleging  it.  And  yet  it  is  most  true 
that  arnica  in  very  weak  solution  as  a  lotion,  and  in  infinitesimal 
doses  administered  inwardly,  has  marvellous  power  in  obviating  the 
bad  effects  of  bruises  and  wounds  of  all  sorts ;  nay,  also  of  bodily 
fatigue  :  that  rhus  toxicodendron  has  a  similar  power  over  strains, 
sprains,  injuries  of  ligaments  and  tendons  :  that  calendula,  the  com- 
mon marigold,  does  the  like  Christian  office  for  deep  wounds  in 
which  much  flesh  is  lost;  promoting  their  filling  up,  and  obviating 
the  extent  of  scars :  and  that  symphytum,  (the  common  great  comfrey,) 
is  as  uniting  for  broken  bones,  as  the  others  for  other  lesions.*  The 
series  goes  far  beyond  this  ;  so  far,  that  in  all  scientific  probability, 
every  organ  and  part  of  us  has  surgeon  herbs  corresponding  to  it, 
and  which  repair  its  mischances.  No  range  of  facts  in  the  world  is 
better  authenticated  than  the  curative  powers  that  these  substances 
exert  upon  the  effects  of  accidents:  in  common  with  hundreds  of  my 
Homoeopathic  brethren  I  see  those  powers  in  benignant  action  every 
day.  Now  what  are  we  to  think  of  the  fact,  that  the  London  hospi- 
tals ignore  all  these  things,  and  have  nothing  to  put  in  their  places : 

*  Solomon's  seal,  the  common  daisy,  all  the  stonecrops,  eyebright,  tamus  com- 
munis,  and  hundreds  of  other  herbs  are  wound  herbs ;  known  as  such  to  the  rustics, 
but  unknown  to  the  medical  profession. 


30  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

nothing  but  saturnine  lotions,  calomel,  purges,  leeching,  bloodtaking, 
and  other  remedies  for  inflammation  that  would  never  have  arisen, 
had  aconite  and  arnica  been  employed  in  the  Homoeopathic  way. 
Such  a  fact  brings  these  hospitals  at  once  to  the  judgment  bar  of  the 
public,  and  opinion  cannot  do  other  than  demand  of  Parliament  that, 
apart  from  all  medical  superciliousness,  the  poor  of  this  realm  shall 
have  secured  to  them,  in  their  hour  of  sickness,  if  not  torture,  the 
benefit  of  all  the  means  that  are  known  for  their  safe  and  rapid  re- 
covery, and  return  to  their  firesides  and  their  toils. 

•">•!.  It  will  perhaps  be  alleged  that  arnica  has  already  had  a  trial 
in  one  of  the  London  hospitals,  and  failed.  Sir,  and  my  Countrymen, 
do  not  believe  it.  Arnica  is  a  Homoeopathic  remedy,  and  produces 
su  ill-rings  not  unlike  those  caused  by  mechanical  injuries;  and  hence, 
if  exhibited  in  large  doses,  (as  was,  I  understand,  the  case  in  the  pro- 
fessed trial  alluded  to,)  it  will  produce  an  aggravation  of  the  mischief, 
which  will  force  the  medical  attendant  to  discontinue  its  use.  The 
fair  trial  can  only  take  place  in  the  Homoeopathic  way,  of  attenuated 
dilutions,  and  infinitesimals;  it  must  be  superintended  by  a  skilful 
Homoeopathist,  and  all  Allopathic  drugs  suspended  at  the  time.  No 
such  trial  has  been  made,  nor  can  be  made  in  our  great  hospitals, 
until  either  their  officers  become  "  converted  characters,"  or  a  Homoeo- 
pathic staff  is  appointed  to  them,  to  oversee  and  correct  at  least  that 
part  of  their  practice. 

55.  I  look  forward  with  great  interest  to  the  Parliamentary  action, 
led  on  by  Mr.  Brady,  on   this  important  question.     The  thing  is  so 
manifestly  humane,  that  it  would  be  uncharitable  to  doubt  the  speedy 
intervention  of  the  collective  wisdom  upon  it.    The  results  to  the  poor 
will  be  a  new  lease  of  limb  and  life  in  many  delightful  cases;  while 
moreover  as  a  body,  they  will  be  converted  to  the  hospitals,  think  of 
them  kindly  when  they  are  well ;  toast  them  with  grateful  recollec- 
tions, and  the  women  with  streaming  eyes,  when  Christmas  flames 
shine  brightly  on  the  assembled  families  of  many  cottages.    And  then 
the  effect  on  the  medical  profession  will  be,  to  bring  out  the  truth  and 
goodness  of  Homoeopathy  in  such  a  white  light  of  superiority  to  what 
they  already  know  and  do,  that  they  will  experience  the  happiness  of 
entering  a  new  world,  which  the  best  among  them  have  of  course 
always  been  seeking;  a  vast  realm  of  healing,  which  their  sons,  and 
sons'  sons,  will  be  privileged  to  explore.     I  only  hope  the  war  will 
be  speedily  finished,  to  give  the  next  session  of  the  legislature  no 
excuse  for  withholding  from  us,  for  one  unnecessary  hour,  these  vast 
treasure  troves  of  a  new  humanity. 

56.  On  a  single  other  ground  also,  and  one  of  the  most  considerate 
kind,  I  would  base  my  advocacy  of  the  introduction  of  a  Homoeo- 
pathic department  into  the  hospitals  of  Great  Britain  and  Ireland.     It 
would  give  the  poor  a  choice  in  medical  practice,  and  it  would  be 
seen  which  they  like  best,  Allopathy  or  Hoimropathy.     To  ascertain 
this  would  be  very  important ;  because  in  fact  ultimately  the  public 
are  the  judges  of  good  and  bad  doctoring,  safe  means  and  unsafe, 
cure  or  no  cure.     So  that  the  testimony  of  the  masses  of  this  country 
might  settle  much  ;  might  provide  convenient  statistics  for  guiding 
the  choice  of  the  other  classes  ;  and  even  might  influence  the  medical 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  31 

officers  by  showing  them  the  practice  most  in  demand.  If  Allopathy 
went  to  the  wall  in  this  way,  they  could  not  say  it  was  any  thing  but 
fair :  people  have  a  right  to  call  in  whom  they  please  :  there  was  no 
demand  for  the  article,  and  it  would  not  pay  to  supply  it.  Patients 
also  could  compare  notes  with  each  other  so  well  under  these  circum- 
stances :  the  man  who  had  used  arnica  and  symphytum  for  his  broken 
leg  on  the  same  day  that  the  other  broken  leg  had  been  left  to  nature 
assisted  by  leeches,  liquor  plumbi,  and  pill  and  draught,  in  dancing  a 
hornpipe  to  his  still  bedridden  allopathized  brother,  would  be  so  very 
contrastive,  and  the  induction  so  Baconian  and  immediate.  The 
men  who  had  fallen  from  a  scaffolding  together,  and  both  concussed 
their  brains,  and  of  whom  the  one  had  received  a  tasteless  arnica  and 
belladonna  (which  "  could  do  no  good,"  as  the  Allopathist  said  when 
he  went  with  his  drawn  lancet  at  the  jugular  of  the  other,)  while  the 
second  had  had  all  inflammation  prevented  by  drawing  all  that  was  red 
out  of  his  veins  till  his  lips  were  as  white  as  mushroom  stalks,  and  his 
toes  as  cold  ;  —  these  two  men.  of  whom  the  arnica  victim  assisted  in 
the  ward  in  the  last  offices  to  the  thoroughly  and  scientifically  and 
orthodoxly  and  coroner's-inquestly  treated  other ;  —  these  two  men, 
as  I  said  before,  would  furnish  medical  politics  for  the  hospital,  if 
they  could  only  occur  in  one  ward.  Unhappily  now  they  happen  re- 
mote from  each  other;  and  the  benefit  of  comparison  and  contrast 
is  lost.  Shall  not  science  be  entitled  (by  Parliament,  led  on  by  Mr. 
Brady)  to  receive  the  edifying  spark  of  their  collision  ? 

57.  I  would  give  the  world  myself  to  be  present  in  the  waiting 
room  for  out  patients,  after  the  two  classes  of  patients  are  duly  re- 
ceived together :  to  see  the  passions,  emotions,  conditions,  that  could 
not  fail  to  be  called  out :  to  find  all  the  joking  gradually  shifting  sides. 
The  laughter  would  of  course  begin  against  the  Homoeopaths,  "  who 
can  do  nothing;"  but  not  slowly  English  mother  wit  would  stand 
upon  its  right  heels.     As  soon  as  it  became  a  matter  of  choice,  those 
who  chose  bleeding,  blistering,  mercurializing,  purging,  nauseating, 
would  become  fair  game  for  the  opposite  patients,  and  excepting  in 
the  case  of  heavy  sickness,  when  pity  alone  and  silence  could  prevail, 
they  would   have  to  go,  each  man  with  his  quart  bottle,  to  his  self- 
appointed  and  dirty  doom,  through  such  a  fire  of  jests  as  once  hearing 
would  create  a  Dickens,  and  running  over  fill  a  Thackeray  in  its 
course.     The  police  would   have  to  interfere  to  keep  the  editors  of 
Punch  from  the  spot,  to  which. they  would  come  rushing,  "  each  with 
his  golden  urn,"  "  drawing  light."     But  I  forbear  to  dwell  on  this  im- 
portant scene,  which  will  assuredly  take  place  one  day  in  our  grave 
infirmaries  ;  though  whenever  that  day  dawns,  the  laughter  cure  will 
show  how  various  nature  is  in  her  possibilities  of  restoration. 

58.  Now,  Sir,  and  my  Countrymen,  a  good  general  takes  into  ac- 
count the  hinderances  and  difficulties  which  are  likely  to  interfere  with 
his  plans,  lays  all  down  beforehand,  has  expedients  for  emergencies, 
reckons  losses,  leaves  a  margin  for  the  exaggeration  of  hope  and  fore- 
casting, has  reserves  of  courage  stationed  firm  in  his  heart  against 
disappointments  ;  and  in  short  works  with  the  eye  and  hand  of  genius 
and  tactics  upon  the  whole  broad  field  of  occasion.     I  have  striven  to 
emulate  such  a  man,  and  as  I  foresee  difficulties,  even  if  we  should 


32  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

have  the  powerful  assistance  of  Parliament  led  on  by  Mr.  Brady,  I 
would  humbly  propose  another  strategy,  should  the  Allopathic  for- 
tress not  capitulate  at  once.  The  mode  has  succeeded  already  with 
Corn  Laws,  and  Navigation  Laws,  and  might  equally  avail  to  put  us 
right  on  this  vital  matter  of  the  Physic  Laws.  I  propose  then  a 
Parliamentary  Committee,  to  inquire  into  the  effects  of  drugs  and  the 
drugging  si/stem,  and  of  bleeding,  upon  the  health  of  the  population  of 
Great  Britain  and  Ireland.  This  will  be  a  fair  part,  nay,  a  capital 
front  and  beginning  to  the  sanitary  movement.  And  the  Blue  Book 
which  issues  from  the  labors  of  that,  committee,  will  serve  as  an 
important  index  for  medical  reform.  The  public  will  be  deeply  inter- 
ested in  it,  which  is  more  than  can  be  said  of  the  Parliamentary  action 
upon  medical  titles  and  registration,  which,  though  transacted  in  the 
highest  court,  is  nothing  more  than  the  echo  of  professional  squab- 
bles. A  material  part  of  the  inquiry  may  consist  in  returns  of  the 
imports  and  vend,  by  the  great  drug  houses,  of  calomel,  opium,  iodine, 
drastic  purges,  narcotic  extracts  generally,  and  all  the  more  virulent 
drugs ;  also  of  the  quantities  of  the  same  consumed  in  the  great  hospi- 
tals respectively.  This  will  give  an  approximative  conception  of  what 
the  public  undergoes  in  medical  treatment,  and  whether  any  marked 
effects  upon  public  health  are  likely  to  be  the  result.  It  will  rest,  of 
course,  with  the  committee  to  call  what  witnesses  they  please;  and 
they,  and  the  legal  gentlemen  associated  with  them  to  make  the 
proper  astuteness  up,  will  devise  the  means  of  procuring  impartial 
evidence  with  a  mastership  of  which  I  can  have  no  idea.  In  the 
mean  time  it  is  clear,  as  they  wish  to  learn  the  effects  of  drugging  on 
the  sick,  and  as  the  allopathic  doctors,  though  sick  enough,  are  pro- 
verbial for  not  taking  their*  own  medicines,  that  it  will  not  be  neces- 
sary to  put  any  direct  questions  to  the  medical  profession.  At  best 
it  may  be  enough  to  query  one  or  two  renowned  physicians,  just  to 
ascertain  what  can  be  said,  but  with  no  view  to  the  facts  of  the  case. 
It  is  the  patients  of  the  United  Kingdom  who  have  to  depose  how 
they  feel  and  are  after  the  drugs. 

59.  Probably  the  masters  of  great  factories  might  be  useful  wit- 
nesses to  call  among  the  first :  I  mean,  some  of  those  humane  chiefs 
of  industry,  who  make  it  their  business  to  observe  the  condition  of 
their  workmen ;  and  who  are  so  well  respected,  that  if  they  were  to 
issue  a  request  to  the  men  in  their  employ,  they  could  easily  obtain  a 
reliable  statistic,  with  concrete  details,  of  what  had  been  the  upshot 
of  the  doctoring  in  several  hundred  families.  They  might  learn  how 
many  children  had  died  under  assiduous  treatment;  whether  calomel 
and  blistering  had  been  largely  or  long  employed  in  each  case  ;  how 
many  leechings  or  bleedings  had  preceded  dissolution ;  and  whether 
the  treatment  had  been  satisfactory  to  the  parents  or  not:  also  whether 
in  their  notion  physicking  was  any  cause  of  poverty,  by  wearing  out 
the  mothers,  and  weakening  the  right  arms  of  the  laboring  population. 
They  might  also  ascertain  whether  in  a  hundred  cases,  any  proportion 
of  the  patients  fell  into  bad  habits  of  which  the  seeds  were  sown  by 
the  use  of  drugs ;  whether,  for  example,  a  little  opium  pill  gave,  in. 
any  determinable  ratio,  a  taste  for  a  little  bigger  piece  of  opium  after- 
wards, and  laid  the  foundation  for  opium  eating  or  laudanum  drink- 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  33 

ing  :  and  whether  the  supply  of  warm  substances  for  a  sinking  at  the 
stomach  ever,  and  in  how  many  cases,  led  to  intemperance.  Also 
whether  the  enfeebling  caused  (that  is,  if  caused)  by  bleeding  and 
drugging,  ever,  and  in  how  many  cases,  conducted  to  the  same  result, 
as  an  escape  from  the  depression  of  mind  and  body.  They  may  also 
inquire  whether  the  habit  of  poisoning,  which  has  appeared  as  a 
horrid  nightshade  in  some  of  our  rural  districts,  had  been  sown  un- 
wittingly in  bad  minds  by  the  propagation  of  the  drugging  system. 
Benefit  societies  and  clubs  might  usefully  furnish  some  facts,  partic- 
ularly as  they  now  include  patients  of  various  systems ;  and  it  might 
be  seen  whether  the  allopathized  sick,  for  example,  were  longer  laid 
up  than  others ;  and  whether  bled  and  calomelized  persons  were  soon 
on  the  sick  list  again,  or  the  contrary.  Details  might  also  be  invited, 
especially  from  the  benevolent  clergy,  of  outlying  districts  and  ham- 
lets, where  doctors  are  few  ;  and  above  all,  of  any  remote  oases  where 
there  are  none  at  all:  details  respecting  the  longevity  of  the  popula- 
tion there  :  whether  the  poor  people  crumble  away  rapidly  in  the 
absence  of  allopathic  cement ;  or  whether  there  is  still  a  trace  of  that 
sturdiness  that  marks  the  English  yeoman,  and  even  occasional  in- 
stances in  those  drear  localities  of  silver-haired  grandsires  on  the  old 
bench  under  the  grandeval  oak  tree  at  even,  surrounded  by  their 
children's  children,  all  laughing  with  merry  teeth,  jocund  faces,  and 
spirit  eyes.  It  is  impossible  to  state  what  would  be  the  answer  of 
the  public  to  the  inquiry ;  but  the  putting  of  the  questions  would 
cause  a  great  deal  of  medical  thought,  and  true  sanitary  spirit  in  the 
population ;  and  if  it  did  probe  painful  spots,  and  sometimes  renew 
agonies  of  vain  regret,  and  bitter  feelings,  it  would  still  be  wholesome 
for  future,  and  above  all,  for  Parliamentary  guidance.  And  for  these 
reasons  I  do  not  see  how  such  a  commission  can  properly  fail  to 
have  the  powerful  advocacy  of  Mr.  Brady. 

60.  Should  Mr.  Brady  be  chairman  of  the  committee,  I  would  hint 
into  his  most,  private  ear,  that  he  may  gain  some  credit,  and  elicit 
facts,  by  calling  to  the  table  edge  some  of  the  dentists  in  large  practice 
in  the  metropolis,  or  in  Dublin.    Let  him  ask  them  to  prepare  for  him 
a  statement  of  what  they  know  by  experience  about  the  effects  of  med- 
ical treatment  upon  the  teeth,  and  hence  upon  the  powers  of  masti- 
cation-and  digestion  ;  whether  the  drug  system  stands  in  any  denned 
relation  to  caries ;  and  whether,  upon  the  whole,  they  regard  Allo- 
pathy as  particularly  favorable  as  a  universal  means  of  cure,  to  the 
pearls  of  the  woman's  mouth,  or  the  ivory  array  of  the  man's.     And 
just  for  the  sake  of  science,  let  him  summon  the  actuaries  of  a  few 
great  insurance  offices,  to  ask  them  whether  any  preference  exists  for 
taking  the  policies  of   Allopathic  over   Homoeopathic   patients ;   or 
which  way  the  matter  runs.     It  is   obvious  that  the  questions  are 
somewhat  new,  and  could  hardly  be  answered  offhand  ;  but  notice 
might  be  given  ;  printed  lists  of  queries  sent  round,  and  even  inserted 
by  public  advertisement  in  the  journals;  and  in  a  little  time,  facts 
would   begin   to   arrange  themselves   round  each  query,  and  a  well- 
stored  body  of  witnesses  would  come  down  to  Westminster  to  Mr 
Brady. 

61.  It  will  be  better  to  manage  the  matter  thus  quietly,  at  a  green- 

o 


34  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

covered  board  in  the  rooms  of  one  of  the  long  corridors  of  the  new 
houses,  with  a  few  pacific  gentlemen,  and  Mr.  Brady,  speaking  all 
in  unexcited  voices,  and  the  whole  falling  straightway  into  inevita- 
ble shorthand,  to  germinate  and  grow  into  the  thickest  of  the  folio 
blue  books,  which  only  a  few  heroic  men  guiding  public,  opinion  will 
master,  rather  than  that  so  private  a  public  question  should  go  at 
once,  like  the  Corn  Laws,  to  monster  meetings,  and  perhaps  to  the 
boards  of  Covent  Garden  out  of  the  musical  season.  For  many  rea- 
sons I  should  deprecate  a  direct  appeal  to  the  feelings  of  my  Country- 
men on  the  bleeding  and  drugging  system.  Only  suppose  a  Homoeo- 
pathic Cobden  and  Bright,  appealing  from  an  unwilling  and  deaf 
Parliament  to  the  mass  of  the  nation,  and  instead  of  providing  ample 
accommodation  for  tenant  farmers,  holding  out  invitation  and  room 
for  ruined  patients  ;  and  what  wild  passions  might,  not  such  danger- 
ous fellows  evoke,  what  pangs  might  they  not  parade,  what  real 
Stygian  shadows  might  they  not  cause  td  shuffle  and  almost  to  flit 
before  the  bleached  audience !  We  might  easily  have  NO-PHYSIC  RIOTS. 
It  might  be  a  part  of  their  tactics,  that  after  the  Homoeopathic  Cob- 
den,  with  the  trenchancy  of  English  sense,  had  carried  the  theatre  with 
him  so  far,  some  haggard  wretch  lately  trebly  bled  should  speak,  and 
the  eloquence  of  his  one  pale  sentence  in  faint  whine  would  be  ter- 
ror. Then  the  fiery  Homoeopathic  Bright  would  fulmine,  and  he  also 
would  announce  on  sitting  down,  that  he  had  the  satisfaction  of  intro- 
ducing another  patient :  when  straightway  a  throatless  grave  bird 
with  swelled  chaps  of  dough,  begins  and  ends  his  swampy  croak  with 
"  the  calomel  cure."  The  easiness  of  this  kind  of  eloquence  would 
be  shocking;  those  that  were  most  unaccustomed  to  public  speaking 
would  carry  the  audience  the  farthest:  blanched  and  skeleton  children 
would  have  an  effect  quite  disproportioned  to  their  weight  and  color. 
The  coming  together  of  the  patients  for  such  a  purpose  would  be  a 
great  inexpediency:  flocking  to  a  hospital,  and  shut  in  mass  in  its 
receiving  rooms,  they  are  all  going  to  secundem  artem;  but  here  they 
are  going  to  criticism,  to  complaint,  to  anger,  and  inevitable  passion. 
And  remember  that  our  new  agitators  would  fly  from  town  to  town, 
placarding,  exciting,  pathogogizing,  printing  tracts,  collecting  sub- 
scriptions, publishing  the  Anti-drug-  League,  with  the  Anti-bleeding- 
Supplement:  rearing  a  formidable  head  in  the  Legislature  itself,  and 
finally  causing  some  Allopathic  prime  minister  to  apostatixe  during  the 
next  invasion  of  cholera,  and  overthrow  terra  finna  under  both  parties 
in  the  houses.  For  this  reason  it  will  be  better  for  Parliament  to 
manage  the  case  itself,  never  to  let  it  lapse  below  the  stateliness  of  a 
committee,  and  the  cold  largeness  of  a  Blue  Book,  but  to  collect 
evidence  in  a  still  room  of  the  long  corridor,  and  then  proceed  to  shut 
up  Allopathy  by  direct  and  clinching  legislation. 

62.  As  was  the  case  with  the  Anti-Slavery  Bill,  it  will  be  an  im- 
portant point  for  consideration  whether  the  abolition  of  old  physic 
shall  be  immediate,  or  gradual.  On  this  subject  I  should  indeed  be 
sorry  to  prejudge  and  forestalKthe  wisdom  of  Parliament.  Yet  I  in- 
cline for  many  reasons  to  suspect  that  the  advocates  of  immediacy 
will  have  the  best  of  it.  A  principal  ground  is,  that  after  the  com- 
mittee has  concluded  its  labors,  Allopathy,  from  what  has  been 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  35 

proved  of  it,  will  be  so  thoroughly  suspect,  that  every  death  which 
takes  place  under  it  must  necessarily  become  the  subject  of  an  in- 
quest. And  putting  decease  by  old  age  out  of  the  question,  I  have 
received  from  an  august  authority  a  calculation,  that  for  London 
alone,  in  ordinary  times,  the  sifting  of  the  Bills  of  Mortality  in  that 
case  will  occupy  for  twelve  hours  a  day,  every  day  in  the  year,  ex- 
cept Sundays,  Forty  Coroners  and  nearly  five  hundred  coroners'  jury- 
men, besides  several  hundred  chemists  and  pathologists,  and  barristers 
innumerable.  Mr.  Wakley  will  be  able  to  inform  Parliament  how  in- 
convenient this  will  be,  from  the  experience  which  he  has  had  in  the 
one  or  two  unsuccessful  inquests  he  held  upon  those  who  had  died  in 
spite  of  homoeopathic  treatment.  It  will  therefore  be  better,  the  im- 
mediate abolitionists  will  say,  by  direct  and  merciful  action,  to  pre- 
vent this  unseemly  overhauling  of  the  allopathic  Morgue ;  which  yet 
must  take  place  if  any  respite  of  years,  or  even  weeks,  be  injudi- 
ciously granted  to  the  condemned  system. 

63.  Mr.  Brady's  committee  will  have  sad  work  enough  in  wading 
through  these  rank  fields  of  grief  and  pain,  but  their  labors  need  not 
all  be  on  sorrows,  though  even  then  good  hope  would  sustain  them : 
but  let  them  for  more  reasons  than  one,  interpolate  their  days  of  in- 
quiry with  investigations  of  a  different  order.  Out  of  contrast,  sight 
shines.  Let  them  invite  evidence  from  the  steady  fathers  and  mothers 
of  families  in  which  Homoeopathy  has  been  practised  for  years,  and 
Jet  them  hear  the  condition  of  health  in  those  homes.  Let  them  ask 
the  parents  whether  the  series  of  their  "children's  diseases"  has  in- 
deed been  treated  without  a  grain  of  the  ordinary  physic  :  whether 
teething  has  been  accomplished  without  a  case  of  lanced  gums; 
whether  measles,  whooping  cough  and  scarlet  fever  have  gone  away 
again  without  depletions  and  purgations :  whether  if  the  parents  are 
more  recent  converts  to  Homoeopathy,  they  have  noticed  any  bettering 
in  the  bodies  of  their  little  liocks  since  its  adoption;  whether  in  any 
cases,  chronic  eruptions,  that  had  resisted  old  treatment,  and  got  worse 
under  it,  and  inveterate  inflammations  of  the  eyes,  had  yielded  to 
homoeopathic  doses  ;  whether  infants  are  less  susceptible  to  these  than 
fanciful  adults;  whether  the  mental  condition  of  their  children,  and 
their  sleep,  which  is  the  lake  of  which  the  days'  states  are  the  river, 
have  been  more  sweet  and  even  than  when  drugs  were  put  into  their 
bodies.  I  would  also  privately  instruct  Mr.  Brady  to  direct  some  of 
his  cleverest  questions  to  the  Manchester  side  of  the  matter.  How 
have  the  medical  expenses  run?  Is  it,  or  is  it  not,  a  fact,  that  in 
Allopathy  one  heavy  bill  engenders  another ;  that  the  year's  charges  for 
calomel  and  bleeding  are  succeeded  by  the  next  year's  heavier  charges  ; 
and  that  in  this  way,  after  the  Napoleonic  maxim,  war  supports 
war :  but  that  in  Homoeopathy,  on  the  other  hand,  much  cost  is  indeed 
incurred  at  first  in  parrying  the  effects  of  the  old  treatment  left  upon 
the  system,  in  attacking  the  maladies  of  nature,  and  in  steadily  com- 
bating constitutional  predispositions;  but  after  the  first  indispensable 
assiduity  of  attendance  is  past,  the  medical  expenses  of  the  family 
become  as  a  general  rule  less  and  less,  until  at  length  many  or  the 
whole  of  its  members  emerge  from  convalescence  altogether,  and  pass 
into  the  ranks  of  vigor  and  wholeness.  Whether,  in  short,  on  the  old 


3G  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

system,  the  doctor's  bill  in  unhealthy  families  does  not  generally  in- 
crease time  after  time ;  and  in  the  new  system,  decrease ?  Whether 
this,  in  conjunction  with  the  diminished  deaths  under  Homoeopathy, 
the  monetary  gain  to  the  community,  of  citixens  saved,  and  funeral 
expenses  saved,  be,  or  be  not,  a  financial  consideration  of  great  im- 
portance in  the  State  ?  Mr.  Cobden,  whom  I  hereby  put  upon  the  com- 
mittee to  intensify  the  arithmetic  of  Mr.  Brady,  will  do  good  service 
in  extracting  the  marrow  of  this  kind  of  questions. 

01.  I  also  regard  the  evidence  of  nurses  as  of  much  moment  in 
determining  the  length  of  the  days  of  Allopathy.  Good  nursing  is 
a  good  part  of  the  battle  of  Cure.  Now  nurses  may  be  easily  sum- 
moned by  Mr.  Brady,  who  are  accustomed  to  attend  to  both  kinds  of 
patients  —  the  homoeopathic  and  the  other;  and  it  will  be  edifying  to 
hear  from  their  unscientific  lips  what  they  have  experienced  of  the 
two  systems.  Are  the  allopathic  means  a  serious  addition  to  the  in- 
evitable distresses  of  the  sick  room  ;  is  its  service  dirty  and  disgusting 
to  perform  ?  Are  blisters  on  children  sad  things  to  dress  in  the  ab- 
sence of  the  doctor?  Is  leeching  a  hard  office,  and  are  leech  bites  apt 
to  bleed  too  much,  and  to  overdo  the  blood  cure?  Is  the  administra- 
tion of  bolus,  pill  and  potion  a  thing  they  would  gladly  get  rid  of,  or 
the  reverse;  and  are  the  discharges  provoked  by  these  drenches  more 
uncleanly  than  disease  would  have  been  without  them?  Is  there  a 
large  proportion  of  cases  in  which  the  excess  of  drugging  and  violent 
means  generally,  revolts  the  patients  and  their  friends,  and  causes 
them  to  try  a  different  mode  of  treatment?  In  childbirth,  also,  have 
they  any  contrasted  experience  bearing  upon  the  labors  of  the  com- 
mittee ?  Are  women,  after  their  hour  of  sorrow,  relieved  of  the  con- 
sequences of  nature's  struggle  by  the  homoeopathic  arnica,  and  is  the 
number  of  cases  of  puerperal  fever  small  in  such  patients?  Are  they 
better  from  the  omission  of  the  routine  purge  on  the  third  day,  with 
which  the  Allopaths  assist  nature,  who  would  rather  be  left  alone  in 
that  quiet-wanting  time  ?  Are  the  quantity  and  quality  of  the  mother's 
milk  better  when  she  is  not  drugged ;  and  have  they  any  facts  to  give 
in  their  rough  way,  of  the  difference  in  the  state  of  mother  and  child 
under  the  two  systems?  I  think  Mr.  Brady  will  find  the  evidence 
of  experienced  and  respectable  nurses  of  great  importance. 

Go.  The  fact  is,  that  nurses  have  a  great  many  things  put  upon 
them,  which  either  ought,  to  be  undone  or  the  doctors  ought  to  do 
them  for  themselves.  Many  a  medicine  given  to  children  is  so  chok- 
ingly horrible  that  a  medical  practitioner  ought  to  be  present  to  count 
the  pulse  and  to  watch  the  countenance  during  its  administration  ; 
just  as  is  properly  the  case  at  a  military  flogging.  In  my  old  days  I 
have  seen  a  nurse  resign  the  trembling  spoon  or  cup  to  the  doctor, 
and  say  in  the  boldness  of  humane  terror,  "  Sir,  give  it  yourself."  My 
own  conversion  to  homoeopathy  was  attended  with  one  of  these  ex- 
periences. Our  eldest  child,  a  baby  then,  was  attacked  in  the  night 
with  a  sudden  bronchitis,  attended  with  great  wheexing  and  oppres- 
sion. My  wife,  and  I  sat  on  end  in  bed  in  sanitary  conjugal  quorum. 
I  ordered  ipecacuanha  wine  as  an  emetic,  and  1  went  down  stairs 
to  the  surgery  and  fetched  it.  There  it  stood  by  the  bedside,  and 
the  question  was,  who  should  give  it?  My  wife  said  nothing,  and  I 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  37 

broke  a  short  silence  by  observing  that  the  medicine  was  there.  She 
then  said,  "Well!"  and  another  silence  ensued.  I  too  now  said, 
"  Well!"  and  again  we  were  silent.  At  length  Mrs.  W.  said,  "  What 
are  you  going  to  do?"  I  said,  "  What  are  you  going  to  do  ?"  She 
said  she  was  not  going  to  give  the  child  that  medicine.  I  felt  indig- 
nant in  all  my  professional  frame,  and  I  told  her  that  the  ordering  of 
medicine  was  the  doctor's  department,  that  it  was  the  business  of 
mothers  and  nurses  to  give  it.  She  replied  that  I  was  not  only 
doctor  here,  but  also  father  and  nurse,  and  that  I  must  do  it,  or  it 
would  not  be  done ;  and  she  added  also,  that  she  had  no  faith  in  that 
stuff;  and  furthermore  that  she  was  glad  now  that  I  had  seen  at 
home  what  burdens  were  daily  laid  on  parents  and  nurses  when  I 
went  away  from  house  to  house,  leaving  such  things  to  be  transacted 
between  my  visits.  I  thought  of  the  denunciation  in  the  Gospel 
against  those  who  lay  on  grievous  burdens,  which  themselves  will 
not  touch  with  one  of  their  fingers ;  and  I  could  not  but  admire  her 
disobedience.  But  she  did  not  stop  here ;  but  told  me  that  for  long 
(she  had  hinted  this  before)  she  had  felt  a  repugnance  to  all  my  prac- 
tice, and  that  this  very  occasion  was  sent,  partly  to  oblige  me  to  look 
into  that  new  thing  called  Homoeopathy.  The  upshot  of  the  parti- 
cular case  was,  that  my  wife  gave  a  piece  of  ipecacuanha,  such  as 
would  pass  through  the  eye  of  a  needle,  to  the  child;  and  a  good  and 
homoeopathic  remedy  it  was ;  after  which,  the  oppression  of  the  breath- 
ing passed  away.  The  circumstance  made  an  impression  on  my 
mind,  and  I  now  record  it,  being  sure  as  day,  that  humble  and  sim- 
ple as  it  is,  it  will  leave  a  mark  upon  the  minds  of  mothers.  Think 
then,  mothers,  fathers  and  nurses,  what  a  blessing  it  is  to  you,  to  get 
rid  at  one  blow,  of  all  these  difficult  and  painful  duties  which  the  old 
practice  enjoins  upon  you!  I  see  your  own  health  and  happiness 
mantle  and  rise,  as  you  look  at  your  little  ones  from  the  bare  contem- 
plation of  so  good  a  riddance. 

66.  But  if  the  application  of  the  old  means  be  an  increase  of  evils 
in  the  private  sick  room,  what  is  it  where  the  sick  are  congregated 
together  in  hospitals,  and  above  all  on  shipboard  ?  Aggregated  masses 
of  disease  are  known  to  exert  a  baneful  influence  upon  each  individual 
of  the  atfected  groups,  and  this  must  be  doubly  the  case  where  all 
means  are  taken  to  aggravate  the  discharges  that  take  place.  In 
acute  cases,  the  whole  vigor  of  the  old  system  is  directed  to  forcing 
the  morbid  and  morbific  matters  outwards,  while  Homosopathy  gains 
its  chief  triumphs  by  the  extinction  of  the  disease  within  the  frame. 
Of  course,  therefore,  the  allopathic  method  spreads  all  the  loathsome- 
ness of  maladies  under  the  very  senses.  And  then,  moreover,  mark 
the  difficulty  of  attending  to  the  artificially  created  wants  of  nature 
in  confined  spaces.  Supposing  that  measles  break  out  in  a  ship 
which  has  a  large  number  of  children  on  board,  one  child  must  have 
an  emetic  for  oppression  of  the  chest;  another,  a  blister  for  a  more 
advanced  case  of  the  same ;  a  third,  leeches  for  pneumonia,  with  of 
course  calomel  every  two  or  three  hours  ;  some  too  must  be  bled,  and 
each  and  all  must  be  well  purged  many  times  in  the  treatment  of 
their  cases.  Is  this  nothing,  repeated  thirty  or  forty  fold  in  the  narrow 
stifly  berths  of  a  ship,  where  at  best,  simply  misery  is  triumphant  ? 


38  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

"What  a  different  picture,  Sir,  and  my  Countrymen !  is  the  homcec* 
pathic  treatment  of  this  same  complaint!  Pnt  twenty  drops  of  the 
tincture  of  aconite,  third  dilution,  quite  tasteless  of  the  aconite,  into 
a  tumbler  of  water,  and  give  a  teaspoonful  of  it  every  three  hours  to 
all  those  eases  where  there  is  fever:  put  twenty  drops  of  tincture  of 
pulsatilla,  third  dilution,  similarly  tasteless,  into  a  tumbler  of  \valer. 
and  give  a  teaspoonful  at  intervals  of  five  or  six  hours,  to  all  those 
where  there  is  but  little  fever,  and  the  eruption  is  well  out.  Leave 
all  their  tender  bowels  to  themselves,  only  don't  feed  them  too  much. 
If  other  symptoms  arise,  as  pneumonia,  don't  bleed,  don't  purge,  but 
give  aconite  and  bryonia — similarly  tasteless,  in  alternation  or  suc- 
cession :  and  so  forth,  according  to  each  case.  How  clean  and  easy 
is  all  this,  and  God  knows  it  is  most  efficacious.  It  is  as  well  done 
on  shipboard  as  on  land  ;  and  then  neither  in  the  medicaments  nor 
in  the  results,  is  the  dirt  of  physic  added  to  the  dirt  of  disease.  If 
Parliament  and  Mr.  Brady  regard  the  sanitary  condition  of  our  emi- 
grant ships  as  of  public  moment,  I  put  this  also  to  the  labors  of  the 
committee,  as  a  matter  well  deserving  their  most  earnest  and  Chris- 
tian inquisition.  And  if  I  have  the  ear  of  any  intending  emigrants, 
I  conjure  them  to  go  out  in  no  ship,  without  being  provided  with  a 
homoeopathic  chest,  and  a  book  of  directions  for  the  treatment  of  sim- 
ple diseases.  And  above  all,  I  advise  them  to  make  constant  inqui- 
ries about  the  chartering  of  homoeopathic  ships,  which,  as  many  of 
the  merchant  princes  of  London  are  in  the  homeopathic  ranks  already, 
is  a  measure  which,  with  a  little  setting  on  foot,  may  be  easily  ac- 
complished. 

67.  This  brings  me  to  the  last  part  of  my  subject,  which  concerns 
more   particularly  the   so  called  sanitary  movement  of  the  day;  and 
now,  Sir  Benjamin  Hall,  and  my  Countrymen,  I  feel  that  I  dm  clos- 
eted with  you  in  an  especial  sense.     For  the  present  I  leave   Parlia- 
ment to  itself,  and   Mr.  Brady  to  himself;  and  I  shall  be  truly  glad 
if  I  have  not  to  call  them  in  to  stimulate   any  of  you   in   your  inde- 
pendent functions.     If  you  will  do  what  I  dictate,  by  yourselves,  you 
shall  have  all  the  credit  of  it ;  for  I  guaranty  that  I  will  tell  nobody 
out  of  your  private  circle  that  I  have  been  the  instigator.     Sint  sua 
prcemia  laudi. 

68.  Now  first,  Sir  Benjamin,  I  beg  to  assure  you,  that  you  are  not 
presiding  over  a  Board  of  Health  at  all  in  a  medical  sense.     You  are 
the  director  of  a  mere  Board  of  Cleanliness ;  the  administrator  of  an 
edileship  ;  a  noble  function ;  that  to  a  community,  and  a  town,  or 
group    of  towns,  which    washing,   scrubbing,  dusting,   and    putting 
refuse  away,  is  to  a  private  house.     The  old  medical  profession  has, 
it  is  true,  hoaxed  you,  after  having  hoaxed  Parliament  and  Mr.  Bra- 
dy, into  the  belief  that  »you  are  a  great  medical  oflicer,  but  then  on 
the  face  of  it  you  have  issued  no  medical  directions;  you  have  none 
such   in   the  background;    and   all  your   brightest  measures  resolve 
themselves   at  once  into   the   enforcing  of  public  cleanliness.      You 
will  understand  me  better  as  I  proceed ;  but  in  the  mean  time  let  me 
say,  that  I  honor  you  extremely  in  your  office,  which  I  believe  to  be 
indispensable,  and  the  creation  of  it  a  master  proof  that  civilization 
is  advancing. 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  39 

69.  But,  Sir  Benjamin,  while  your  board  is  to  the  grand  edifice 
of  material  England  what  the  mistress   arid  her  servitors  of  house- 
cleaning  are  to  the  private  dwelling,  a  Board  of  Health  will  be  to 
the  community  what  the  medical   man   is  to  the  family.     He  can 
never  confine  himself,  when  summoned  to  specific  cases,  to  explor- 
ing the  kitchen,  or  supervising  the  dusthole,  which  he  expects  to  form 
part  of  the  daily  work  of  the  occupants  ;  though  if  any  thing  pecu- 
liarly offensive  strikes  him,  he  will  of  course   point  it  out  to  those 
whose  business  it  was  to  have  seen  to  it  without  his  criticism.     But 
what  he  does  is,  to  medicate  and  diet  his  cases,  certain  distinct  afflic- 
tions of  disease  ;  to  prescribe  the  particularities  of  heat,  cold,  light, 
air,  which   belong  to  those  forms  of  sickness;  to  speak  of  moral  and 
mental  treatment:  and  in  short  to  cure  the  existing  maladies.     Now 
just  in  the  same  way,  that  compound  doctor,  the  Board  of  Health, 
has  to  take  measures  for  the  collective  sickness ;  although  any  side 
suggestions  he  may  have  to  make  to  your  Board  of  Cleanliness,  will  of 
course  be  thankfully  received;  even  if  they  somewhat  reprove  you  for 
not  having  mastered  your  own   duties  quite.     "Dear  me,  ma'am, 
there's  a  dreadful  smell  of  cabbage  water  here!"  would  be  a  pretty 
blow  from  a  medical  attendant  to  an  English  housewife  who  had  a 
sick  child  in  bed  in  the  room  :  and  "  Sir  Benjamin,  the  drains  of 
Westminster  are  foul!"  would  no  doubt  grate  upon  you  from  the 
Board  of  Health.     This  would  be  precisely  because  it  would  be  your 
business  that  was  thus  recalled  to  you  by  a  foreign  council. 

70.  The  first  business  of  a  Board  of   Health,  Sir  Benjamin,  in 
1854,  or  in  any  other  year  you  please,  lies  in  issuing  specific  direc- 
tions to  the  people  of  Great  Britain  and  Ireland,  for  the  treatment  by 
them  of  the  early  stages  of  any  diseases  that  may  be  prevalent  in 
that  or  any  other  year.     In  every  family  there  is  such  a  thing  as 
domestic  practice,  a  pennyworth  of  salts  for  this,  of  paregoric  for  that, 
a  little  peppermint  water  for  wind,  and  a  little  magnesia  for  stomach 
aches.     In  Homoeopathy  we  have  none  of  this ;  but  a  wide  range  of 
household  healers.     Now  the  Board  of  Health  (recollect  there  is  none 
now)  is  the  mother  of  Great  Britain  and  Ireland  in  her  administra- 
tions of  domestic  preventions  and  remedies.     It   is   obviously  vthe 
public  doctor  also,  for  medicine  and  maternity  are  seen  to  be  one, 
transfigured  both  on  that  high  mount  of  charity  and  use. 

71.  Thus,  Sir  Benjamin,  it  is  the  business  of  the  Board  of  Health 
to  seize  upon  the  fact  of  the  universal  domestic  practice,  and  to  edify 
and  educate  that  practice  to  the  farthest  extent  which  the  science  of 
medicine  will  allow,  so  that  the  first  grappling  of  the  public  with 
diseases  may  be  as  safe,  sure  and  prompt  as  may  be.     Each  season 
has  its  own  complaints,  and  the  labors  of  such  a  Board  will  be  in- 
cessant, to  publish  in  all  convenient  channels,  first,  the  mode  of  pre- 
vention and  prophylaxis  for  the  epidemy  of  the  week  or  the  month  ; 
and  secondly,  the  best  mode  of  treatment  in  the  first  or  domestic 
stages  of  the  disorder.     This  will  be  a  grand  education  for  the  medi- 
cal men  themselves,  who  will  then  for  the  first  time  become  conscious 
of  how  far  they  are  quite  clear  in  their  views  of  simple  disease,  and 
simple  treatment:   upon  the  principle  that  you  understand  well  that 
which  you  can  exactly  convey  to  others.     It  will  also  give  the  public 


40  WAR,    CHOLF.KA,    AM)    THK    MIMSTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

a  medical  education  of  the  greatest  use  i<>  the  community,  sharpen- 
ing at  once  the  appetite  for  health,  and  the  axe  to  be  laid  to  the  root 
of  disease.  In  this  way  again  it  will  exert  a  most  vital  influence  on 
the  medical  profession.  For  it  is  a  principle  that  each  calling  is 
driven  into  elevation,  just  in  proportion  as  the  whole  community  is 
imbued  with  the  spirit  and  knowledge  of  which  the  Professors  are  the 
delegated  guardians.  Thus  an  educated  audience  exacts  and  rears 
from  its  ranks  refined  orators,  in  whom  the  finish  of  the  eloquence  of 
the  assembly  is  brightly  seen.  A  great  agricultural  people,  if  it  have 
chiefs  in  its  own  strong  department,  will  force  them  to  be  men  who 
have  no  spitful  of  brute  clods  left  in  their  creed,  but  to  whom  all  the 
ground  is  one  manufactory  of  humane  cultivation.  An  advancing 
industrious  race  will  demand  of  its  stewards  and  overseers,  more  and 
more  brainwork,  and  less  and  less  fatigue,  as  its  busy  wheels  roll  on. 
And  so  a  Great  Britain  and  Ireland,  medically  educated  in  home 
remedies,  will,  ex  necessitate  rei,  drive  up  medicine  and  its  colleges, 
into  broader  common  sense,  into  greater  attention  to  curative  results, 
and  into  a  wholesome  fear  of  the  public  as  its  court  of  last  appeal, 
and  ultimate  judge.  It  will  then  be  a  real  distinction  to  be  a  suc- 
cessful medical  man,  because  the  palm  will  have  been  awarded  by 
those  who  are  instructed  in  the  merits  of  the  case.  The  good  doctors 
will  be  Jaudati  a  laudatis. 

72.  This  however  is  an  oblique  result,  although  we  may  easily  see 
that  the  case  will  be  so,  by  what  has  already  happened  in  your  own 
department,  from  the  labors  of  your  Board  of  Cleanliness.  Even 
now  you  have  talked  so  much  and  so  well  with  a  humlred  mouth- 
pieces, of  the  necessities  of  drainage,  sewerage,  omnipresent  waj:er 
pipes  for  towns  ;  the  permeation  of  clear  streams  of  water  through 
them  at  moderate  cost ;  the  formation  of  parks  ;  the  forbidding  of 
mural  dunghills  and  pigsties;  and- the  satisfaction  of  many  low 
needs, without  which  our  highest  social  aspirations  are  abortive:  even 
now,  I  say,  Sir  Benjamin,  you  have  so  indoctrinated  us  all  with  these 
exigencies,  that  a  new  realm  of  consciousness  has  been  created  in  the 
people  :  they  take  no  sober  Sunday  walk  to  Hampstead  without  criti- 
cizing ditches,  mantled  ponds  and  swampy  lowlands  ;  they  pass  no 
gully  hole  without  thinking  whether  you  are  as  good  as  your  word 
there,  or  not;  and  in  short  they  are  in  the  temper  to  appreciate  what 
you  have  done,  and  to  thank  you  for  it,  and  to  force  you,  as  you  value 
your  position,  to  do  more  and  more.  Of  course  you  rejoice  in  this, 
—  to  be  carried  forward  by  your  own  clear  will,  and  also  whether  you. 
will  or  no,  at  the  head  of  these  clean  legions  of  your  countrymen. 
You'  are  in  the  splendid -position  of  perfect  necessity  and  perfect 
freedom.  You  must  scrub  us  harder,  and  bring  us  out  whiter,  every 
month,  or  pay  the  piper.  And  now  can  you  doubt  that  when  the 
healing  consciousness  has  been  developed  by  the  Board  of  Health,  as 
the  cleaning  consciousness  has  been  evoked  by  you,  the  medical  pro- 
fession also  will  be  a  new  and  higher  head  to  its  new  population? 
At  present,  you  know,  the  case  is  not  so :  the  old  doctors  tell  as  little 
as  possible  to  any  body  else  :  they  are  all  wrapped  up  in  long  Greek 
cloaks  of  technicalities,  with  black  Latin  dominoes  and  visors  of 
prescriptions:  it  is  difficult  to  judge  of  them  except  by  kill  or  cure, 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  41 

which  is  too  late  :  but  let.  the  public  light  once  get  at  them,  let  them 
sometimes  at  least  be  dressed  like  other  people,  let  them  tell  us  for 
our  benefit  what  they  know,  and  they  shall  willingly  march  at  the 
head  of  a  force  which  has  just  confidence  in  its  leaders.  When  once 
they  constitute  a  Board  of  Health,  and  quit  disguises,  they  will 
come  into  medical  daylight,  and  the  people  of  Great  Britain  and 
Ireland  along  with  them. 

73.  I  know  they  are  timid  of  this,  and  their  eyes  but  little  accus- 
tomed to  the  public  sun  :  moreover  they  are  sadly,  I  will   not  say 
basely  afraid  of  losing  much  practice  if  they  are  only  called  in  to  diffi- 
cult  cases,  when  well   skilled    mothers   find   themselves   at  fault.     I 
never  could  participate  in  this  fear,  which  if  the  worst  were  to  come 
to  the  worst,  is  a  well  of  hope  to  every  honest  man  in   the  kingdom. 
The  empire  of  disease  any  where  abridged,  makes  all  men  richer  in 
that  locality.     Changes  from  a  great  demand  for  an  article,  to  a  small, 
take  place  gradually  ;  there  is  always  warning  enough  for  the  wise  : 
and  the  result  is  most  wholesome,  inasmuch  as  enterprise  is  created 
every  time  a  new  direction   is  given  to  skill,  by  the  cessation  of  an 
old  demand,  and  the  rising  up  of  a  different  one.     I  do  indeed  believe 
that  when  Homoeopathy  comes  to  be  universal,  and  when  the  Board 
of   Health   teaches   the    millions    how  to    get    all    the   good   out   of 
it  that  the  best  knowledge  will  admit,  fewer  doctors  will  be  required, 
and  those  fewer  will  be  rather  physicians  with  insight,  than  men  of 
routine  (for  the  mothers  will  easily  have  nearly  all  the  routine) ;  but 
then  in  the  social  expansion  which  goes  along  with  this,  how  many 
new  callings   will   come   into   being ;  what  ready  ways   of  making 
money  there  will  be  when  once  honest  enterprise  grows  more  freely  in 
the  human  heart ;  and  how  little  will  a  loss  of  function  be  regretted 
by  vigorous  men.  when  they  see  that  function  admirably  performed 
bv  fathers  and  mothers  in  every  house.     There  is  something  pusillan- 

*•  *•  OP 

imous  in  the  wail  I  often  hear  from  the  medical  practitioners:  "O 
dear,  there  is  that  shocking  .Mrs.  Dunn  who  is  cutting  the  ground 
from  under  my  feet  with  her  abominable  little  Homoeopathic  box." 
Why,  my  man,  you  have  no  spirit,  you  are  on  no  ground  of  your 
own,  or  no  such  person  could  have  interfered  with  you.  Rely  upon 
it  there  is  nothing  less  wholesome  to  the  morality  of  a  profession, 
than  to  have  a  number  of  idlers  in  its  ranks,  people  who  could  be 
done  without,  and  do  something  else  for  the  nation  :  such  a  state  of 
things  rots  a  calling:  it  is  like  a  mob  of  Indian  servants,  one  for  the 
right  boot  and  one  for  the  left,  one  for  your  pipe,  one  for  each  leg  of 
your  three  horses,  one  for  your  pocket  handkerchief  and  one  for  your 
punkah  :  you  become  an  ill-served  and  languid  wretch  yourself,  and 
may  well  envy  any  English  gentleman  who  eats,  drinks,  works,  walks 
and  sleeps  in  the  humblest  self-dependence. 

74.  And  now,  Sir  Benjamin,  let  me  gird  myself  to  the  task  of 
giving  you  a  specimen   of  the  functions  of  the  coming  Board  of 
Health,  which,  however,  as  it  does  not  yet  exist,  must  for  this  time  be 
represented  by  myself.     The  present  is  the  very  best  moment  for  ex- 
emplifying the  case;  because,  though  medicine  lies* buried  in  thick 
night,  war  and  pestilence  lend  ghastly  torches,  to  display  the  want  of 

6 


42  AVAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

public  succor,  by  lifting  up  for  a  fold  or  two,  the  darkness  which 
shrouds  the  field  of  mortality  and  pain. 

7-").  On  the  14th  of  September,  Sir  Benjamin,  the  British  army, 
some  30,000  strong,  landed  on  the  coast,  of  the  Crimea,  and  that 
night,  being  without  their  tents,  the  whole  force  lay  upon  the  ground 
exposed  to  a  drenching  rain  from  sunset  to  sunrise.  The  consequence, 
as  T/ir  Tinit'a  states  it,  was  a  great  increase  in  the  maladies  of  the 
soldiers,  and  a  large  number  of  fresh  cases  of  cholera  occurred.  If  a 
Board  of  Health  had  been  on  that  spot,  in  the  general  orders  issued 
from  head  quarters  in  the  early  morning,  would  have  been  comprised 
this  short  direction  to  each  man  of  the  force:  TAKE  i:in  s  roxrco- 
DEXDRON.  This  is  because  r/ius  has  a  specific  effect  in  preventing  the 
injurious  consequences  that  come  from  thorough  wettings.  I  am  not 
now  speaking  of  a  notion,  but  of  a  matter  as  well  known  to  us  Ho- 
mrcopathists  as  the  existence  of  the  Bank  of  England.  Rhns  does 
exert  such  a  power.  And  I  tell  you  that  it  is  a  shameful  want,  of 
humanity,  and  of  State  Economy,  not  to  adopt  so  simple  a  means  of 
insuring  some  little  immunity  to  the  brave  men  who  go  out.  of  this 
land,  in  order  to  support  its  traditional  grandeur,  and  by  the  very 
reading  of  their  sweet  deeds  heighten  the  moral  stature  of  every  man 
who  is  left  in  it.  Each  soldier  in  that  army  ought  to  have  had  in  his 
knapsack  a  small  medicine  case,  taking  up  a  few  square  inches,  and 
of  insignificant  cost;  and  then  the  order,  Take  rhus,  given  by  the 
ambulant  Board  of  Health,  would  have  been  executed  in  a  moment. 
An  army  would  have  been  prescribed  for,  and  cared  for,  and  many  a 
death,  and  still  more  illnesses  prevented.  The  same  case,  of  thorough 
wetting,  is  stated  to  have  occurred  to  large  masses  of  troops  on  the 
niijht  before  the  battle  of  Waterloo.  What  could  the  old  practice 
offer  in  such  a  case  ?  Why  nothing  at  all,  but  to  let  the  men  get  dry 
again  as  they  could.  The  calomel  pills  and  senna  draughts  with 
which  they  visit  us  at  home  for  colds,  were  impossible.  Here,  then  is 
instance  No.  1,  in  which  Homoeopathy  makes  it  possible  for  a  Board 
of  Health  to  issue  most  benign  instructions  which  can  be  carried  out 
if  necessary  for  millions  of  patients  at  once  ;  and  this,  because  it  has 
specific  retrfedies  on  which  all  its  members  are  agreed  ;  these,  in  so 
compact  a  shape  that  they  can  be  kept  at  hand  whilst  a  waistcoat 
pocket  is  left;  and  so  efficacious,  that  they  will  never  fail  to  save  a 
large  percentage  of  lives;  and  so  inoffensive,  that  in  no  case  will 
they  enfeeble  those  who  use  them.  I  say,  Sir,  now,  that  Homeop- 
athy comes  to  you  as  a  statesman,  knocks  at  the  door  of  all  the 
wisdom  and  humanity  that  is  in  you,  and  beseeches  you  whether  it 
is  worth  a  hearing:  or  whether  your  proud  Board  shall  continue  to 
omit  its  name  from  your  reports.  By*heaven,  Sir  Benjamin,  for  the 
sake  of  the  hearts  of  those  who  are  brave  and  firm  for  tne  in  that  far 
land,  and  for  the  hearts  of  wives  and  families  they  have  left,  behind 
them,  this  thing,  this  Homoeopathy,  this  medical  contempt,  this  God's 
boon  to  the  nations,  with  you,  or  in  spite  of  you.  shall  have  a  hearing. 

76.  Your  medical  colleagues  will  try  to  laugh  me  off,  and  tell  you 
they  did  not  know  of  r/tns  in  such  a  connection.  Believe  them  there: 
they  know  of  no  single  feasible  way  of  issuing  one  instruction  bear- 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  43 

ing  upon  the  public  health.  But  neither  they,  nor  you,  are  the  less 
to  blame  on  that  account.  When  once  you  shut  your  eyes  and  heart 
against  any  thing  without  examining  it,  if  that  thing  professes  to  be 
charged  with  a  message  of  healing,  you  must  take  the  consequences 
of  all  that  is  lost  by  suc,h  unhappy  obstinacy  ;  and  if  the  visitant  who 
comes  to  you  in  humble  guise  for  the  little  bread  and  salt  of  your 
best  entertainment,  happens  to  be  an  angel  in  rags,  you  have  all  the 
guilt  of  shutting  out  the  angel,  though  in  that  moment  of  your  blind- 
ness you  only  saw  the  rags.  "  He,"  Sir  Benjamin,  "who  has  done  it 
unto  the  least  of  these  little  ones,  has  done  it  unto  ME."  The  Law 
of  England  is  at  you  here,  as  much  as  the  Gospel  of  Christ.  If  a 
man  in  a  drunken  fit,  kills  another,  the  drunkenness  is  no  plea  of  ex- 
tenuation. Nor  when  you  and  your  medical  circle  committed  your 
first  drunken  act,  of  kicking  out  the  modest  person  of  Homoeopathy, 
will  any  plea  of  ignorance  save  you.  At  least  you  knew  very  well 
that  you  were  not  acting  like  reasonable  beings:  you  knew  that  you 
were  condemning  before  hearing,  and  it  is  no  excuse  that  you  did  not 
know  what  vou  were  condemning.  But  I  will  tell  you  that  the  angel 

•/ 

against  which  you  slammed  your  door,  had  in  his  open  hand,  as  a 
present  to  you  from  the  God  of  art  and  science,  the  health  of  millions 
of  millions. 

77.  In  that  same  act,  Sir  Benjamin,  you  were  also  sinning  against 
the  main  experiences  of  this  age.     For  you  know  very  well  that  the 
possessions  that  endow  our  civilization  now,  and  carry  us  in  point  of 
the  material  arts  immeasurably  beyond  the  ancients,  have  each  and 
all  been  received  at  first  with  the  contempt  and  laughter  of  those 
whom  they  came  to  serve.     All  these  great  facts,  one  after  another, 
have  been  stigmatized  as  impossible.     Should  not  this  at  length  have 
taught  you  to  put  aside  "impossibility,"  and  betake  yourself  to  hum- 
ble learning  and  investigation  ?     Are  statesmen  to  be  always  like  the 
dogs  and  cats,  who  are  the  same  in  the  year  1  as  in  the  year  50,  re- 
peating a  continual  lesson  of  public  shame,  and  incapable  of  instruc- 
tion by  experience?     Or  will  they  learn  at  length  that  unlikelihood 
and  impossibility  are  two  of  the  chief  liveries  which  the  new  gifts 
and  dispensations  of  Providence  wear  to  sightless  eyes  and  unbeliev- 
ing hearts  ? 

78.  But  we  are  now  in  the   Crimea,  Sir  Benjamin,  'and  if  your 
knees  are  not  chattering  with  the  cold  you  have  caught,  as  "  you  did 
not  know  of  rhus  toxicodendron,"  come  on  with  me  a  few  versts  to 
the  south  of  the  place  of  the  first  drenching.     Lady  Errol'is  there, 
and  if  she  is  not  afraid,  of  course  you  and  I  are  lions.     It  is  the  night 
of  the  20th  of  September:  the  plain  in  front  of  the  River  Alma,  the 
rocks,  slopes,   and    heights    beyond  it,  the   plateau  which  stretches 
away  from  the  highlands,  are  covered  with  wounded  soldiers  of  many 
nations.     They  are  covered  too  with  dead  men,  but  let  them  rest,  for 
they  are  gone  to  a  better  Board  of  Health.     Again,  the  work  of  Great 
Britain  has  been  done  ;  a"^ain  her  sword  hilts  in  its  bloody  scabbard, 
double  knighted  in  that  day's  fight.     I  hear  the  clear  approbation  of 
the  commander,  the  answering  shout  of  the  victorious  legions,  the 
various  noise  of  our  twenty-eight  thousand  ;  and  also  the  groans  of 
the  wounded  and  dying :  but  1  hear  nothing  which  appears  to  ema- 


44  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

rate  from  the  medical  stall.  Busy  sailors,  rough  as  boars  in  guise, 
but  making  their  corny,  tarry  hands  like  lambs'  fleeces  for  the  nonce, 
arc  doing  all  that  penile  women  can  do  to  remove  the  maimed 
creatures  to  their  ships:  and  assiduous  surgeons  are  in  the  rear,  ex- 
tracting ."Minie  balls,  and  lopping  limbs:  but,  again,  in  the  name  of 
heaven,  who  minds  us  all,  \vhat  general  orders  has  the  medical  stall' 
ive  to  meet  so  general  and  foreseen  a  disaster  of  wounds  ?  "  O, 
you  say,  "can  nothing  be  done/''  Yes,  most  surely,  Sir 
Benjamin,  something  might  have  been  done,  if  you  and  your  circle 
had  not  turned  your  faces  away  from  Homoeopathy.  Providence, 
Sir  Benjamin,  foreseeing  the  strife  of  the  human  race,  and  that  broken 
li-.-ads,  and  pierced  bodies,  and  shattered  limbs  would  be  as  regular  a 
part  of  man's  history  as  any  other  diseases,  has  sown  upon  His 
thousand  mountains,  a  yellow-flowered  plant  called  armed,  which  is 
by  Him  commissioned  with  properties,  to  heal  the  wounds  inflicted  in 
battle,  and  to  stay  many  of  the  sad  e fleets  of  violence  upon  the  life 
of  His  quarrelsome  children.  And  had  there  existed  one  gentle 
Bishop  of  Health  in  the  British  Government,  eaeh  man  of  that  noble 
arrny  would  have  had  this  arnica  in  his  knapsack,  included  in  the 
little  case  I  mentioned  before;  or  perhaps  put  sttll  more  handily,  in 
some  side  pocket  near  his  heart,  in  order  that  if  he  were  struck  down 
for  his  country,  he  might  reach  out  his  languid  fingers,  and  find  that 
his  country  had  thought  of  his  wounds  before  they  were  inflicted,  and 
done  its  best  to  stanch  them.  The  general  orders  before  the  battle 
would  have  contained  these  words  :  Take  arnica  if  hurt.  After  the 
battle  hundreds  of  men  could  be  served  with  it  in  a  few  minutes,  if 
they  were  incapable  of  taking  it  themselves ;  and  mark  this,  Sir 
Benjamin,  as  a  well-known  fact ;  those  men  who  had  it  would  take 
comparatively  little  harm  if  left  upon  the  ground,  as  must  inevitably 
be  the  case  with  many  after  great  shocks  of  armies.  The  Board  of 
Health  must  answer  at  the  bar  of  Britain  and  of  God,  for  having 
neglected  this  easy  and  powerful  means  of  succoring  wounded  men.* 
True,  "  they  did  not  know  of  arnica ; "  but  that  again  was  because 
in  their  pride  they  would  not  know  of  Homoeopathy.  Here  then  is 
instance  No.  2,  in  which  the  old  practice  can  offer  no  shadow  of  a 
measure  of  public  health  in  a  great  public  emergency;  and  in  which 
""""Homoeopathy  comes  forward  with  the  very  thing  which  is  wanted.  I 
told  you  you  should  hear  something  presently  about  Hahnemann,  and 
this  is  a  little  part  of  the  something. 

79.  But,  perhaps,  you  will  tell  me  that  I  have  torn  you  to  the  Cri- 
mea somewhat  rudely ;  that  you  had  no  business  there ;  but  that  a 
certain  piece  of  warm  green  baize  is  the  place  of  your  dominion ;  and 
that  you  have  nothing  to  do  with  omissions  and  misfortunes  which 

*  Mr.  Headland  informs  me  that  when  the  army  was  starting  for  the  East,  he 
made  an  offer  through  a  hi<rh  personage,  to  the  Government,  to  furnish,  at  his  own 
cost,  any  number,  say  one  thousand,  of  small  bottles  of  arnica,  to  be  distributed 
amon<r  the  common  soldiers.  Many  of  the  officers  of  the  Fusileers  provided  them- 
selves with  this  irrand  wound  medicine.  Mr.  Headland's  offer  was  taken  no  notice 
of.  It  was  l/'i,-!;c:l  by  the  medical  authorities.  Some  time  there  will  be  a  judg- 
ment on  back  parlors,  and  the  trumpet  psalm  of  that  day  will  contain  the  text : 
"  The  dark  places  of  the  earth  are  full  of  cruelty.'-' 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  45 

happen  3000  miles  away.  Sir  Benjamin,  you  are  the  accredited 
centre  of  the  public  health  department  of  the^e  realms;  and  your  in- 
fluence as  such  radiates  throughout  the  circle  of  the  British  domin- 
ions. Have  you,  or  have  you  not,  done  your  best  to  close  all  your 
avenues  against  the  very  name  and  thought  of  Homoeopathy?  Are 
you  not  willingly  associated  with  a  packed  board  of  doctors  at  which 
Homoeopathy  is  entirely  unrepresented  ?  If  this  be  so,  then  you 
have  lent  all  your  weight,  which  is  that  of  the  highest  health  officer 
in  this  country,  positively  Minister  of  Public  Health,  to  a  plan  which 
has  choked  out  of  public  life  all  the  fair  offices  which  Homoeopathy 
would  have  performed  for  our  wounded  soldiers.  But  if  you  still 
plead  not  guilty,  because  there  is  the  distance  of  3000  miles  between 
the  cause  and  the  effect,  between  the  comfortable  head  quarters  and 
green  baize,  and  the  gashed  soldier's  bloody  turf  by  the  River  Alma, 
what  then  have  you  to  say  of  the  cholera,  which  has  been  quite  in 
Westminster? 

80.  Sir  Benjamin,  you  have  had  12,000  cholera  deaths  within  the 
compass  of  your  immediate  throne,  principally  in  the  heart  of  London. 
You  had  ample  notice  that  that  enemy  was  advancing  upon  you  in. 
broad  lines  from  the*  European  coasts.  The  time  of  its  arrival,  and 
the  strength  of  its  assault,  were  foretold  with  something  of  scientific 
exactness.  What  preventive  measures  did  you  and  your  Board  take, 
to  meet  the  enemy  ?  Belonging  as  you  do  to  a  little  medical  Russia, 
you  knuckled  down  to  fate  like  arrant  MenchikofFs.  You  wrote  lead- 
ers in  The  Times  on  pure  water,  drains,  and  town  decency,  and  in- 
trenched yourselves  in  a  most  respectable  recommendation  to  the 
sweetest  cleanliness.  For  the  rest,  if  the  plucky  foe  will  land,  he 
must,  and  if  he  will  kill  our  people,  he  must.  The  result  is,  Sir 
Benjamin,  that  there  are  12,000  cholera  dead  on  your  field,  and  God 
only  knows  how  many  wounded  —  how  many  convalescents  who 
will  never  be  busy  men  or  women  again  in  this  world.  I  suppose 
you  did  not  know  of  a  substance  called  cuprum  (copper)  administered 
in  Homoeopathic  doses  as  a  preventive  against  cholera ;  and  I  sup- 
pose you  did  not  know  of  another  substance  termed  veratrum,  also 
similarly  and  complementarily  preventive.  Had  you  and  your  medi- 
cal grand  chancellery  known  enough  of  your  professed  business  to 
advert  to  these  two  gifts  of  God,  a  few'  thousand  slips  of  paper  half 
as  big  as  one  of  these  pages,  would  have  saved  you  reams  of  printing 
about  meteorology  and  fungi,  and  the  public  would  have  blessed  your 
name  for  cancelling  the  pestilence,  or  better  still,  they  would  have 
thought  little  about  either  you  or  it,  and  you  would  then  have  been 
more  than  content  with  an  inner  blessing  of  satisfaction  from  the 
Great  Physician  of  us  all.  But  now  I  must  tell  you  about  these  pre- 
ventives, to  make  you  know  them.  A  few  globules  of  Homoeopathic 
cuprum,  Sir  Benjamin,  and  the  like  of  veratrum,  given  alternately, — 
the  copper  one  morning  on  rising,  and  the  veratrum  the  next,  will 
save  a  great  portion  of  the  population  from  attacks  of  cholera,  and 
those  who  still  have  the  disease,  will  take  it  far  more  mildly;  much 
as  is  the  case  with  vaccination  as  prophylactic  against  small  pox. 
There  is  abundant  evidence  to  this  effect.  Not  a  man  who*  takes 


46  AVAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OP    HEALTH. 

these  substances  in  the  Homoeopathic  form,  is  worsened  or  laid  up 
for  a  moment  by  their  administration,  He  feels  nothing  bodily;  but 
then  he  does  led  an  immunity  in  his  mind  from  the  gripe  of  the  dis- 
:  and  this  alone  is  a  signal  safeguard  against  its  invasion.  The 
first  ellect  of  the  medicine  is  to  kill  fear,  which  is  a  vast  cause  of 
cholera  attacks  at  a  time  when  the  disease  is  prevailing.  As  this  is 
so,  think  what  you  have  done  in  giving  the  cold  shoulder  to  Homoe- 
opathy! 12,000  dead  in  London:  12,000  sailors  and  soldiers  dead 
in  the  Black  Sea  and  the  Baltic !  Is  not  this  an  affair  of  the  Stale  ? 
The  demolition  of  myriads  of  civic  arms;  a  myriad  hands  rotting 
away  in  a  few  nights  from  the  sailor's  cutlass  and  the  soldier's  sword ! 
And  then  the  families  of  the  dead!  And  most  marvellous  of  all, 
nothing  proposed  or  thought  of  by  you  and  your  Board,  that  had  not 
been  tried,  and  its  outer  incapacity  pro\&ed,  in  many  previous  inva- 
sions of  the  same  disorder!  And  yet  more  marvellous  still,  the  only 
alleged  preventive,  never  so  much  as  mentioned  in  your  jaunty  re- 
ports, which  are  full  of  fine  matters  for  British  associations  and  ab- 
stract philosophers !  matters  of  the  same  moment  to  io-day's  panic- 
stricken,  and  pestilence-stricken,  as  Lord  Rosse's  researches  among  the 
nebula;,  or  Mr.  Layard's  explorations  of  the  title  deeds  in  the  cellars 
of  Sennacherib.  Sir,  you  are  costing  the  country  a  pretty  penny,  in 
disabled  industry,  and  maimed  and  crippled  expeditions,  just  because 
you  choose  to  live  in  the  midst  of  a  dense  fog  and  night  of  doctors, 
to  whom  Homosopathy  is  anathema  marantha.  But  let  me  here 
again  point  out  to  you,  that  they  had  nothing  to  propose  to  meet  the 
case;  their  science  lay  in  opening  the  nation's  bosom  to  fate:  and 
furthermore,  that  this  Hornreopathy  you  have  flouted,  is  the  only  ser- 
vant which  the  State  has  in  face  of  the  calamity,  and  for  political  as 
well  as  all  other  reasons  must  come  for  adoption  to  the  Government 
of  this  country,  either  in  spite  of  you,  or  the  reverse,  just  as  you 
please. 

81.  And  what  did  you  and  the  packed  Board  do  when  the  cholera 
came  ?  Why.  you  became,  by  self-appointment,  Clerk  to  the  Fates, 
and  registered  each  snip  of  their  scissors.  The  cut  threads  of  life 
were  chronicled  and  tabulated,  and  a  splendid  directory  of  dead  men, 
a  blue  book  of  the  last  arrivals  in  the  other  world,  was  your  proudest 
achievement.  All  this  is  admirable  in  itself,  when  regarded  as  a  lit- 
tle side  play  of  science,  accompanying  the  performance  of  your  grave 
duties.  You  did  it,  and  you  ought  to  have  done  it ;  but  you  ought 
not  to  have  left  the  other  thing  undone.  Here  also  you  murdered 
Homoeopathy ;  you  dashed  the  chalice  out  of  the  hand  of  the  heal- 
ing angel !  If  you  had  had  any  general  medical  instructions  to  com- 
municate, they  would  surely  have  come  forth  at  such  a  time ;  but 
like  Charles  X.,  who  was  sparrow  shooting  at  St.  Cloud  when  he 
lost  his  throne  and  his  Swiss  in  Paris,  you  were  out  fungus  hunting 
when  cholera  was  decimating  your  own  subjects  in  London.  The 
perfecting  of  the  cloaca  maxima  and  all  the  little  cioacte  was  still 
your  pet  plan  in  the  emergency  ;  and  you  thought  that  if  you  could 
kill  the  smell  of  dead  and  dying  by  chloride  of  lime,  the  unmannerly 
corpse«would  no  longer  come  between  the  wind  and  your  nobility. 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  47 

You  and  The  Times  could  go  to  your  pillows  well  after  so  great  a 
sacrifice  to  the  human  conscience!  I  must  however  rouse  you  from 
your  opium. 

82.  I  suppose  you  did  not  know  of  camphor*  given  according  to 
homoeopathic  directions  in  the  first  moments  of  cholera.     It  is  not 
my  professed  object  here  to  instruct  you  or  my  other  countrymen  in 
the  treatment  of  this  disease  :  my  observations  on  that  head  are  only 
incidental,  for  the  purpose  of  displaying  for  wholesome  and  most 
charitable  ends  to  you  and  all,  the  dereliction  of  you  and  the  packed 
Board  in  a  national  case  of  dire  distress:  also,  to  exhibit  to  you  in  a 
small  specimen,  what  the  labors  of  a  Board  of  Health  shall  be.     Well 
then  next  time,  Sir  Benjamin,  this  Board  of  Healing  will  order  thirty 
drops  of  saturated  spirit  of  camphor  to  be  put  in  half  a  tumbler  of 
spring  water,  and  a  teaspoonful  to  be  taken  every  hour  as  soon  as  the 
diarrhoea  commences,  and  long  before  the  doctor  can  arrive  ;  and  to 
be  taken  every  half  hour,  every  ten,  every  five  minutes,  according  to 
the   intensity  of  the  symptoms.     Let  absolute  recumbency,  and  ab- 
stinence from  food,  be  also  general  orders.     If  the  disorder  increases 
after  two  or  three  hours  (two  or  three  according  to  intensity),  mix 
twenty  drops  of  tincture  of  veratrum,  n.  3,  in  one   half  tumbler  of 
water;  twenty  drops  of  tincture  of  arsenicum,  n.  3,  in  another:  and 
give  a  teaspoonful  of  each   alternately  every  half  hour.     Should  the 
patient   be  deathly  cold,  give  in  teaspoonfuls  iced  water,  or  water  as 
cold  as  can  be  had.     Mix  also  at  the  same  time,  in  another  half  tum- 
bler, twenty  grains,  or  as  much  as  will  lie  on  a  farthing,  of  cuprum, 
tritu ration,   n.  3  :  and  if  cramps  and  convulsions  are  a  prominent 
symptom,  give  a  teaspoonful  of  this  whenever  the  pain   seems  most 
intolerable  :  keeping  on  also  with  the  other  medicines.     If  death  ap- 
pears to  be  setting  in  after  these  remedies  have  been  administered  for 
some  hours,  don't  budge  an  inch  in  hope,  but  give  in  the  same  way 
as  the  veratrum,  carbo  vegetahilis,  tincture,  n.  3  ;  and  in  two  hours,  if 
no   better,  alternate  it  with  stramonium,  tincture,  n.  3.     By  the  time 
this  has  been  done,  the   homoaopath  will  have  arrived,  and  in  thou- 
sands of  cases  to  patients  rescued  from  the  grave. 

83.  Have  you  recommended  or  tried  any  of  these   healers?     No. 
Have  they  been  tried  on  a  great  scale  by  the  homoeopaths,  and  are 

*  It  is  well  to  be  recorded  that  Napoleon  III.,  Emperor  by  the  grace  of  God  and 
the  will  of  the  French  people,  knows  of  camphor  in  cholera.  He  has  ordered  from 
Headland's  500  bottles  of  camphor  tincture.  As  this  might  have  been  easily  made 
in  France,  lor  camphor  and  alcohol  are  articles  little  adulterated,  and  easily  mixed, 
it  is  to  be  presumed  that  that  sagacious  and  determined  Emperor  gave  the  order  to 
show  good  will  to  Homoeopathy.  We  read  in  the  Pays  of  Oct.  25,  as  one  proof  "of 
the  deep  solicitude  felt  by  the  Emperor  and  the  Government  for  the  welfare  of  the 
Army/'  that  "  the  Emperor  has  sent  to  the  General-in-Chief  of  the  Army  in  the 
East,  a  considerable  number  of  small  bottles  containing  a  preservative  against  the  chol- 
era." These  are,  without  doubt,  Headland's  very  camphor ;  though  the  Pays  ap- 
parently dare  not  mention  Homoeopathy  to  ears  polite.  The  Emperor  knows  that 
Marshal  St.  Arnaud  owed  that  lease  of  life  which  enabled  him  to  be  at  the  Battle 
of  the  Alma,  to  the  homoeopathic  instrumentality  of  Dr.  Charge  of  Marseilles,  into 
whose  hands  as  a  dying  man  the  Marshal  went  long  ago.  Homoeopathy  set  him 
up  for  a  time  ;  but  his  constitution  was  undermined,  and  he  sank  under  the  cam- 
paign in  the  Crimea  His  letters  are  published,  in  which  he  gives  his  unqualified 
testimony  in  favor  of  Homoeopathy. 


48  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

they  fixed  facts  now,  and  no  experiments  ?  With  a  thousand 
tongues  from  all  climates,  Yes,  and  again,  Yes!  Minister  President 
of  the  health  of  Great  Britain  and  Ireland,  grand  educator  of  sound- 
ness of  body  to  the  most  important,  community  now  on  earth,  distrib- 
uter of  orders  for  the  general  tactics  of  English,  Scotch,  and  Irish  in 
the  face  of  pestilence  and  epidemics,  I  suppose  you  did  not  know  of 
these  things!  Perhaps  also  you  will  tell  me  that  sudi  general  orders 
may  indeed  easily  be  issued,  but  that  the  public  will  not  carry  them 
out  At  least,  Sir  Benjamin,  you  and  the  packed  Board  have  not 
tried.  And  besides  it  is  your  business,  or  that  of  a  Board  of  Health, 
whose  name  your  board  of  cleanliness  usurps,  to  instruct  the  people 
in  the  ways  and  means  of  keeping  their  bodies  whole  ;*  to  chastise 
their  apathy  by  your  flagrant  appeals  ;  and  by  propagating  examples 
of  the  success  of  your  measures,  to  win  the  nation  to  attend  to  your 
manifestoes.  The  Board  of  Health  will  have  the  same  career  to  run 
as  a  single  good  physician  ;'it  is  not  to  whine  because  it  has  its  own 
way  to  make  ;  the  patients  of  course  have  little  confidence  at  first : 
then  a  cure  comes  :  then  a  sunshine  of  confidence  spreads  from  it : 
then  many  cures,  and  the  confidence  becomes  larger,  and  at  last  na- 
tional, and  the  attention  to  every  direction  of  the  Board  immediate. 
And  4f  there  is  to  be  compulsory  vaccination,  why  not  something  of 
the  same  kind  with  regard  to  prophylactics  (preventives),  and  medi- 
cines for  actual  disease  ?  The  tax  gatherers  might  easily  be  made 
instrumental  here;  and  the  sting  of  their  unpopularity  be  drawn:  the 
"great  plague  of  London  V  might  be  made  the  means  of  lessening  its 
great  pestilences.  Why  should  they  not  give  slips  of  paper  with  di- 
rections something  like  those  I  have  detailed,  which  by  their  reitera- 
tion might  bite  into  the  public  mind  ?  Why  not  have  the  directions 
printed  on  the  very  papers  that  demand  and  receipt  our  imposts,  that 
so  some  of  the  strength  taken  out  of  the  hand  one  way  might  be  re- 
covered to  it  by  anticipation  in  another?  Horse  leeching  the  people 
is  not  the  only  function  of  a  Government:  you  might  have  partly 
cancelled  that  severe  portion  by  the  blessed  office  of  giver  of  health. 

*  Apropos  of  the  medical  education  of  the  community,  we  shall  find  that  under 
tjoma-opathy  it  begins  with  early  childhood,  and  is  continued  throughout  life.  The 
little  people  of  families  in  which  our  simples  are  given,  get  to  know  easily  and 
soon  what  has  done  them  good  in  their  minor  ailments,  and  the  remedies  thus 
learned,  and  which  constantly  accumulate,  are  indelibly  stamped  upon  the  memory. 
By  the  time  when  such  families  settle  in  life,  they  have  acquired  an  amount  of  do- 
mestic medicine  which  is  highly  useful  to  them.  I  know  by  experience  that  this 
is  the  fact.  Moreover  in  this  way  persons  come  to  be  very  exactly  acquainted 
with  those  homa-opathic  medicines  that  suit  their  particular  constitutions.  And 
when  once  careful  and  clever  mothers  have  seen  their  children's  diseases  treated. 
and  have  learned  the  successful  medicines,  (which  I  am  always  happy  to  tell  them,) 
if  those  diseases  recur,  they  treat  them  themselves  often  with  complete  success. 
Frequently  I  have  seen  bronchitis  in  children  thus  cured  in  a  manner  which  I 
should  have  been  proud  to  achieve  in  my  much  regretted  allopathic  days.  Nor  do 
I  apprehend  danger  from  mothers'  tampering  with  disease  be)-ond  their  skill :  this 
may  be  the  case  sometimes  under  any  system;  but  the  solicitude  of  mothers  as  a 
general  rule  sends  them  quite  soon  enough  to  the  doctors.  Of  course  it  is  an  obvi- 
ous truth,  that  when  a  medical  man  is  once  called  in.  he  should  take  the  reins,  and 
have  no  interference;  but  his  power  of  managing  this  depends  upon  his  own  moral 
and  medical  standing. 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  49 

84.  With  the  British  Army,  which  is  under  your  charge,  for  it  sits 
under  the  shadow  of  your  professed  medical  influence,  you  have  had 
a    grand   opportunity  of  carrying  out  whatever    I   have  described. 
When  that  noble  army  embarked,  there  were  a  series  of  calamities 
known  to  you  and  the  packed  Board,  which  were  as  sure  to  happen 
to  the  men  as  the  courses  of  nature  are  sure.     I  must  take  you  to 
each  of  these,  in  order  that  you  may  see  what  you  did,  when  you 
gave  Homoeopathy  the  go-by.     The   first  was  seasickness  on  a  great 
scale,  and  for  a  long  duration.     What  general  directions  did   you 
issue  to  meet  this  general  and  inevitable  mischief  ?     You  let  the 
men  get  well  again  unaided,  as  soon  as  they  could :  they  were  left  to 
the  laughter  of  unsick  companions.     Had  you  chosen  to  know  of 
Homoeopathy,  the  first  use  of  the  small  medicine  chest  that  each  man 
of  the  force  would  have  had  with  him,  would  have  been  made  here. 
There  would  have  been,  before  embarkation,  general  orders  to  every 
man  to  take  nux  vomica,  three  globules  dry  on  the  tongue,  because 
this  prepares  the  nerves  to  resist  the  tossing  of  the  sea.     Next,  when 
all  were  on   board,  orders  would  have  been  given  for  those  who  are 
not  seasick  to  give  their  less  fortunate  comrades  in  their  intervals  of 
comparative  repose,  three  globules  of  ipecacuanha,  which  is  of  course 
homoeopathic  to  sickness.     By  a  steady  perseverance  in  this  plan  for 
a  few  hours,  a  vast  number  of  cases  would  have  ceased,  and  some  of 
the  men  would  have  taken  their  first  lesson  in  administering  medicine 
to  their  fellows,  and  the  sick  would   have  received  their  first  confi- 
dence from  its  success.     By  this  means,  Sir  Benjamin,  you  would 
have  established  a  footing,  many  of  our  jolly  fellows  would  begin  to 
cease  laughing  at   Homoeopathy,  and  you  would  gradually  pave  the 
way  for  your  practice.     The  soldiers   and  sailors  would  believe  in 
their  globules  with  the  same  trust  which   they  have  in  their  Minie 
balls.     There  would  of  course  be  a  residue  of  several  obstinate  cases 
for  the  surgeons,  which  they  would  treat  in  the  same  way,  with  coc- 
culus,  petroleum  and  tabacum,  according  to  circumstances  and  symp- 
toms ;   ordering  the  comrades  to  administer  these  medicines  also. 
By  the  time  you  arrived  in  the  Dardanelles,  the  whole  expeditionary 
force  would  have  got  the  germ  of  a  soldier's  medical  education,  and 
the  next  steps  would  be  more  easy.     The  number  of  doctors'  cases 
would   have  been  greatly  diminished  for  the  next  long  voyage,  as  a 
considerable  proportion  of  the  force  would  now  know  well  enough 
the  whole  routine  of  the   treatment  of  seasickness.     Would  they  be 
worse  soldiers  on  that  account,  or  less  efficient  servants  of  her  Majes- 
ty the  Queen  and  the  British  nation  ?     I  opine  what  the  answer  will 
be  from  her  Majesty,  and  from  every  man  of  us. 

85.  And  now,  Sir  Benjamin,  as  health  minister,  had  this  affair  of 
seasickness  nothing  to  do  with  your  department?     And  tell  me  fur- 
ther, has  any  other  thing  than  Homoeopathy  ever  pretended  to  issue 
general  prescriptions  for  such  a  case  ?     If  not,  does  any  thing  com- 
pete with  it  for  the  appointment  of  state  medicine  ?     I  have  indeed 
heard  of  the  allopaths  ordering  blisters  to  the  stomach  in  inveterate 
cases,  after  the   Pharmacopoeia  had   been   administered ;    but   how 
would  this  read  in  general   orders  ?     You  know  how  it  would  read. 
I  challenge  the  allopaths  to  make  any  manifesto  for  the  occasion. 

7 


50  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

They  will  rightly  smile  at  the  bare  thought  of  being  the  depositaries 
of  so  benign  a  power. 

86.  We  are  now  together  in  Turkey,  and  our  still  undiminished 
30,000  have  a  number  of  minor  ailments  partly  traceable  to  the  cli- 
mate, and  partly  to  their  new  conditions.     These  are  more  or  less 
epidemic,  because  like  causes  produce  like  effects  when  applied  to 
large  masses  of  men.      The   Board  which  is   to   be,   prescribes  for 
them  also  in   general  orders,  to  the   great   delight   of  the    medical 
men,  who  have  only  the  residue  of  difficult  cases  to  manage.     For 
observe  that  the  army  doctors,  prejudice  against  Homoeopathy  apart, 
would  be  glad  to  have  their  practice  thus  reduced  to  real  doctors' 
cases,  while  civilian  doctors  at  home  dread  such  a  curtailment.     This, 
you  note,  is  a  matter  of  pay.     But  I  do  not  delay  at  this  stage.     Let 
us  go  on  to  Varna,  where  the  30,000  are  to  be  exposed  to  fever. 
You  are  clairvoyant,  Sir  Benjamin ;  I  no  sooner  mention  the  spot 
than    you   are  there,  just  like   Mrs.    Wagstaft",  or   Mr.   Hammond's 
Emma ;  you  see  the  men  already  struggling  in  the  dim  folds  and 
coils  of  vaporous  fevers.     What  did  you  do  for  this  general  calamity, 
into  which  the  brave  30,000  walked  as  surely  as  if  they  had  waded 
into  a  Stygian  river,  which  lay  direct  across  their  march  ?     You  saw 
them  going  in  knee-deep:  you  knew  that  many  would  go  overhead. 
What  did  the  Health  Minister  do  ?     They  had  to  go  there,  be  it  ob- 
served, and  British  soldiers,  and  French  soldiers,  go  through  death  as 
they  ford  any  other  river.     You  did  nothing ;   and  trammelled  with 
the  packed  allopathic  Board,   you  could  do  nothing.      If  you  had 
then  been  a  clear   King  of  Health,  higher  in  vigor  by  a  whole   head 
than  the  best  among  us,  and  if  you  had   had  your  staff'  of  faithful 
healers  in  all  the  armor  of   Homoeopathy  around  you,  you  would 
have  ordered  bryonia  alba,  three  globules,  and  rhus  (our  old  friend), 
three  globules,  on  each  alternate  three  hours,  as  a  commencement  to 
all  those  who   felt  certain   symptoms   of  indisposition.      Thus  you 
would  have  lessened  the  number  of  doctors'  cases  to  such  an  extent 
that  the  regular  staff' of  medical  men  would  have  been  quite  competent 
to  treat  them ;  and  we  should  have  saved  very  many  lives,  and  have 
heard  less  about  the  paucity  -of  medical  servants.     Alack  !  the  allo- 
paths, who  have  no  general  directions  to  give,  were  all  about  you : 
the  Army  and  Navy,  and  State  Medicine,  Homoeopathy,  was  again 
rudely  pushed  away.     It  has,  Sir  Benjamin,  been  most  triumphant 
against  these  fevers  from  the  Mississippi  to  the  Ganges  ;  it  has  immeas- 
urably beaten  all  the  calomel  and  all  the  quinine  on  their  own  fields ;  it 
has  robbed  and  bearded  death  in  many  a  swamp  and  jungle  ;  it  has  in- 
jured no  constitution  and  retarded  no  convalescence ;  yet  it  was  not 
respectable  enough,  not  to  the  taste  of  the  flunky  Times  enough,  to 
be  allowed  to  rescue  our  poor  fellows  on  the  morasses  of  the  Euxine. 

87.  Here  then  you  lost  another  opportunity,  not  only  of  saving 
life,  but  of  building  up  what  I  must  call  for  want  of  happier  English, 
military  domestic  medicine,  —  words  which  involve  rather  a  sad  paro- 
dy for  the  homeless  soldier.     Perhaps  you  also  lost  the  opportunity 
of  treating  and  converting  the  Duike  of  Cambridge  and  the  Prince 
Napoleon,  whose  suffrage  would  have  counted  beyond  price  with  the 
troops  when  they  gave  their  loud  voices  for  Homoeopathy.     But  let 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  51 

bygones  be  bygones ;  only  remember  that  we  have  furthermore  al- 
ready found  you  equally  in  complete  voidance  of  your  Health  Min- 
istry, in  the  cholera  on  land  and  at  sea,  in  another  perhaps  heavier 
bout  of  seasickness,  in  the  drenching  of  the  14th  of  September,  and 
on  the  sanguinary  field  of  the  Alma.  I  wonder  how  much  your  Im- 
perial Allopathy  has  cost  the  country  by  the  21st  of  December!  what 
we  have  paid  old  Physic  for  the  shrug  of  the  shoulders  with  which  it 
motioned  Homoeopathy  down  stairs  from  the  green  baize  table.  The 
beauty  of  Helen  cost  the  Trojan  war,  and  the  beauty  of  Allopathy 
well  nigh  cost  us  the  loss  of  the  expedition  to  the  Crimea;  for  you 
know  very  well  that  the  blow  of  cholera  nearly  took  the  wind  out  of 
our  mighty  armada.  Are  you,  then,  not  the  Minister  but  the  Czar 
of  Health,  that  you  estimate  men  as  so  much  carrion  in  the  making  ? 
Well,  let  that  pass ;  and  let  us  hurry  on  to  Balaklava. 

88.  Now  I  find  you  are  excessively  tired  at  the  end  of  that  day's 
march  ;  hill,  and  rock,  and  steep  descent,  swamp  and  forest,  have  told 
upon  you ;  and  you  are  footsore,  and  sore  all  over.     So  am  I.     So 
also  are  myriads  more.     Now  as  you  and  the  said  myriads  require 
prompt  attention,  what  are  the  general  orders  of  the  King  of  Health 
to  his  wearied  subjects  ?     What  is  there  that  is  perfectly  harmless, 
easy  to  take  without  any  preparation,  comprisable  in  a  word  at  the 
end  of  Lord   Raglan's   orders,   and  quite  valid  for  the  bruises  of 
fatigue  ?     Allopathy,  art   thou  a   dumb   dog  when    thy  counsel   is 
needed  ?     Canst  thou  not  answer  one  question  of  thine  examina- 
tion in  general  usefulness  ?    Dost  thou  leave  the  bruised  on  the  march 
to  get  unbruised  again  as  best  they  may?     And  is  the  Health  Minis- 
ter, thy  master,  dumb  also  ?     The  men  have  to  work  hard  to-morrow, 
as  if  they  had  not  been  fagged  down  to-day ;  and  if  thou  canst  take 
away  the  concussion  of  the  march,  thou  mayest  advance  by  some 
hours  and  days  the  siege  of  Sebastopol.     But  thou  art  a  deaf  mute: 
and  I  must  do  the  voice  for  thee.     Let  each  man  of  the  force  take 
arnica  again,  and  let  him  repeat  it  four  times  a  day  as  long  as  his 
severe  toil  lasts,  which  will  be  throughout  the  siege.    By  this  means,  his 
extraordinary  exertions  will  do  him  less  harm  :  if  his  feet  are  almost 
WQunded  with  marching,  inflammation  will  be  stopped  at  the  begin- 
ning; and  if  his  hands  are  blistered  by  carrying  sand  bags,  gabions, 
fascines,  and  helping   heavy  guns  up,  the    blister  will   be  a  common 
blister,  and  will  go  no  further.     A  host  of  ordinary  cases  will  be  can- 
celled by  this  simple  means :  an  army,  two  armies,  will  have  learned 
the  use  of  arnica  and  the  ready  way  of  making  the  least  of  all  the 
lesions  of  over-fatigue :  and  whatever  cases  are  over  and  above,  the 
doctors,  released  from  a  vast  amount ,ot  work  that  no  longer  belongs 
to  them,  can  treat  with  rhus  (a  complement  vulnerary  to  arnica),  and 
then  after  that  the  armies  will  have  learned  the  use  of  rhus  too,  and 
can  release  the  doctors  from  another  circle  of  cases. 

89.  Does  this  strike  you  as  of  any  importance,  Sir  Benjamin,  or  do 
you  aid  and  abet  The  Times  in  bolting  the  door  against  it  ?     If  so, 
what  is  your  proposition  ?     I  see  that  the  insufficiency  of  the  medi- 
cal staff  to  meet  the  wants  of  the  casualty  patients,  is  the  subject  of 
beautiful  leaders  in  the  Leading  Journal,  which  will  not  lead  the  con- 
tributors to  its  fund  to  expend  any  of  their  <£200  checks  upon  arnica 


52  AVAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

and  rhus.  But  here  Homoeopathy  has  the  small  sharp  end  of  its 
wedge  in,  which  shall  be  driven  right  home  into  the  biscuit  heart  of 
The  Times.  This  disproportion  between  doctors  and  patients  is  an 
incurable  fact  for  it:  the  old  system  cannot  mend  it:  Dr  Secundum 
Artem  must  himself  die  before  the  matter  can  be  set  right,  for  it 
originates  in  the  impossibility  under  which  Dr.  S.  A.  lies,  of  issuing 
any  general  plan  of  treatment.  Medication  by  single  specifics  is  the 
only  salvation  from  it.  The  plan  of  the  old  system  under  a  similar 
case  at  home  happening  to  an  individual,  would  consist  in  prescribing 
rest  for  some  days :  saturnine  lotions  on  legs  laid  up  on  chairs  for 
swelled  feet:  purges  for  inflammatory  symptoms :  but  this  plan  is 
inapplicable  here.  The  plan  of  Homoeopathy  is  the  same  at  Bala- 
klava  as  it  is  in  Westminster:  take  arnica  repeatedly,  and  use  it  ex- 
ternally if  you  can:  if  not,  persevere  with  it  internally.  You  will 
be  on  parade  for  the  morning  gun,  and  if  stiff,  you  will  still  be  safe  ; 
and  you  will  go  cheerily  on  and  about  until  the  fortress  capitulates. 

90.  The  fault  then  of  your  Board  is,  that  it  can  give  no  general 
orders,  and  can  make  no  use  whatever  of  the  brains  of  the  troops  to 
enable  them  to  be  its  assistants  in  the  medical  work ;  in  consequence 
of  which  the  soldiers  are  medically  just  as  little  informed  of  their 
part  at  the  end  of  a  campaign   or  twenty  campaigns,  as  they  were 
when  they  left  the  Waterloo  Bridge  Station.     They  say  that  a  man 
is  either  a  fool  or  a  physician  at  forty,  but  the  poor  trooper,  if  he  at- 
tained the  age  of  Methuselah,  would  on  your  present  way  of  dealing 
be  a  medical  fool  as  long  as  he  lives.     A  strange   Russian  jealousy 
this,  in  the  old  system :  it  can't  attend  the  people  when  struck  down 
with   the  spiked  truncheon  of  the  accidents  of  war ;    and  it  won't 
teach  them  to  help  themselves.     The  dog  in  the  manger,  rampant, 
shall  be  the  arms  of  the  packed  Board  from  henceforth. 

91.  But  this  jealousy  has  another  ramification  ;  it  opposes  the  em- 
ployment of  many  instructed   assistants  of  both  sexes  who   are  not 
decked  with   a    medical    diploma.      Considering   that   the    diploma 
people   have  done  nothing  in  the  way  of  general  orders  and  mani- 
festoes of  health  and  healing,  and   that  12,000  deaths  in  the  Black 
Sea  by  pestilence  are  the  result,  I  really  cannot  see  the  danger  of 
allowing  irregular  practitioners  to  intervene.*     The  irregularity  of  a 
smaller  mortality  might   have  come   of  it :  a  new  turn   might  have 
been  given  to  the  statistics.     There  is  not  surely  on  this  earth  a  man 

#  Hear  what  DR.  ELLIOTSON  says  in  The  Zoist  about  this  balance  of  evils. 
"  When  a  doctor  is  called  in,  his  doings  may  be  extremely  hazardous  and  fraught 
with  the  possibility  of  unmitigated  evil.  He  may  bleed,  and  physic,  and  mercuri- 
alize, and  insLst  upon  low  diet,  and  give  stuporifics  when  he  ought  to  do  none  of 
these  things,  and  m;ay  cause  the  patient  to  grow  ten  times  worse,  and,  at  last,  to  die. 
He  may  give  meat,  strong  soup,  wine,  brandy,  or  porter  when  these  are  all  perni- 
cious. He  may  give  bitter  for  sweet,  and  sweet  for  bitter  :  and  moreover  may  tor- 
ment the  patient,  perhaps  a  little  innocent  sensitive  child,  with  useless  blisters, 
moxas,  issues,  setons,  hery  liniments,  incessant  nauseous  draughts,  and  cruelly 
harass  the  poor  creature  woo  is  unfortunately  in  his  power  through  poverty,  or,  as 
is  very  common  among  all  ranks,  through  ignorance  of  his  incapacity,  —  an  ig- 
norance which  renders  innumerable  patients  infatuated  with  the  grossest  block- 
heads who  were  ever  licensed  to  practise  and  do  mischief '  impune  per  totam  ter- 
rain.' Such  objections  are  absolute  twaddle." 


WAR,    CHOLERA,   AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  53 

so  brazen  (out  of  the  immediate  vicinity  of  Printing  House  Square) 
as  to  affirm  or  even  to  surmise  that  more  could  have  died. 

92,  I  propose  then,  Sir  Benjamin,   to  open  the  gates   of  physic 
somewhat,  and  to  have  non-commissioned  officers  of  healing,  and 
rank  and  file  of  healing.     Let  them  consist  of  volunteers,  of  whom 
many  thousands  will  forthcome.      Let  them  all  be  provided  with, 
homoeopathic  cases,  a  little  more  ample  than  those  which  the  soldiers 
possess ;  and  let  it  be  a  part  of  their  agreement  that  they  will  faith- 
fully inform  themselves,  on  a  few  general  points  of  treatment  which 
the  Ministry  of  Health  will  direct:  that  is  to  say,  the  first  things  to 
be  done  for  cholera,  fever,  seasickness,  influenza,  over-fatigue,  wounds ; 
and  so  forth.     This  will  be  easy  to  them.     For  I  beg  you  to  remark, 
that  in  Homoaopathy  the  practice  of  healing  to  this  extent  is  an  ex- 
ceedingly simple  matter ;  to  the  last  degree  unmysterious ;  in  short, 
there  is  hardly  an  old  lady  in  Christendom  of  average  understanding, 
who  cannot  be  very  serviceable  in  it.     Thousands  of  families  already 
manage  thus  much  at  home;  and  with  the  instructions  of  the  Min- 
istry of  Health  daily  given  them  in  Lord  Raglan's  shortest  sentences, 
they  will  do  it  even  better  in  the  Crimea.     On  the  old  plan,  the  prac- 
tice in  such  a  case  cannot  indeed  be  said  to  be  difficult,  because  it/  is 
flatly  impossible,  and  even   unthought  of.     But  then  the  new,  Sir 
Benjamin,  is  the  creature  of  a  different  hope  and  day,  and  belongs 
to  the  realm  of  a  more  practical  sun ! 

93.  But  then  the  doctors  shiver  out,  "^Only  think  of  the  body  of 
quacks  and  irregulars  that  will  be  let  loose  upon  the  community  when 
the  army,  with  its  impedimenta,  comes  home  again:  we  shall  be  pushed 
from  our  stools."     What  then  ?     If  you  all  die  out,  not  more  than  65 
per  cent,  or  12,000  in  gross  in  London,  will  die  of  cholera  on  its  next 
visitation.     I  see  no  danger  impending,  which  has  not  been  impend- 
ing and  striking  for  long  ages.     But  then  they  shiver  out  again, 
u  Only  think  of  having  as  competitors  the  conceited  nurses  of  the 
Crimea,  —  flushed  with  victory  over  wounds  and  pestilences,  —  popu- 
lar as  women  alone,  and  good  and  brave  women  can  be,  —  the  centres 
of  listening   circles,  —  the  admirations   and    oracles    of  tea   tables; 
we  shall  not  have  a  chance,  even  had  we  diplomas  from  all  colleges, 
against  these  medical  Amazonians."     There  is  some  reason  in  this 
objection,  which  points  indeed  to  a  new  state  of  things.    In  the  Battle 
of  the  Alma,  a  certain  Russian  general  officer  was  captured  by  troops 
of  the  Guards,  and  he  is  said  to  have  informed  his  captors  that  he 
could  put  up  with  that  fate,  but  could  not  so  well  have  borne  to  be 
made  prisoner  by  those  petticoats,  meaning  the  Highlanders.     He  did 
not  know  what  hearts  beat  under  Scotch  plaid,  or  what  steel  sinews 
Highland  petticoats  cover.     And  the  medical  Russians  of  this  country 
are  just  as  much  out  with  regard  to  petticoats  generally.     They  have 
no  idea  what  woman  can  do  with  her  round  arm  of  healing.    Woman, 
Sir  Benjamin,  in  this  country,  is  the  pillar  of  Homcsopathy;  she  first 
saw  the  horrors  of  the  old  system  in  her  own  nursery  among  her 
loved  ones :  she  first  has  experienced  the  blessings  of  the  new.     It 
was  she  that  emancipated  the  slave :  it  will  be  she  that  ultimately 
rescues  the  Briton  from  the  crooked  and  venomous  darts  of  physic. 
She  will  then  enter  upon  one  of  her  own  callings  from  which  she  has 


54  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

too  long  been  excluded.  In  all  respects  one  half  of  medical  practice 
belongs  to  Homoeopathic  woman.  Only  note  her  qualities.  The  first 
of  these  is  intuition,  the  bird's  eye  of  her  ever  busy  love.  With  this 
she  marks  symptoms  and  bodily  states  in  those  she  sincerely  tends, 
with  such  an  anticipation  of  correctness  as  no  physician  can  safely 
disallow.  Were  this  intuition  fixed  and  educated,  it  would  readily 
pass  into  stable  medical  insight.  Her  fine  senses  animated  by  this, 
might  soon  eclipse  the  corresponding  organism  in  the  man  in  sev- 
eral fields  of  diagnosis.  Take  the  diseases  of  the  heart  and  lungs, 
and  I  have  no  hesitation  in  affirming  that  the  woman's  educated  ear 
might  carry  the  knowledge  of  these  as  matters  of  hearing  far  beyond 
the  point  at  which  it  at  present  stands.  .  She  might  be  taught  all 
matters  of  common  diagnosis  in  these  complaints  with  great  rapid- 
ity ;  and  I  believe  a  time  is  at  hand  when  all  good  mothers  will  know 
them.  As  to  practice,  Homoeopathy  has  distinctly  opened  it  to 
woman.  So  united  are  all  God's  gifts,  so  much  do  they  converge 
to  one  another  and  to  higher  principles  common  to  them  all,  that  this 
man  Hahnemann,  without  having  that  end  in  view,  has  done  more 
than  any  one  else  perhaps  towards  the  emancipation  of  woman,  by 
providing  her  with  a  field  of  the  most  humane  and  artistic  usefulness, 
in  which  her  beautiful  powers  can  expand.  It  is  a  great  thing  for 
any  thing  when  new  blood  comes  into  it ;  and  the  newer  the  blood 
the  less  bounded  is  the  hope.  What  then  may  we  not  augur  for  medi- 
cine, when  an  entire  better  half  is  added  to  it;  when  the  Lady  Hygeia 
is  really  in  practice.  I  should  expect  at  least  a  set  of  observations 
quite  novel  in  their  nicety,  and  of  remedial  touches  delicate  beyond 
compare.  The  appearance  of  woman  upon  the  world's  stage  as  a 
healer  belongs  to  the  present  hour,  and  in  its  breadth  was  impossible 
before  Homoaopathy  came.  She  can  have  no  material  function  with 
old  physic,  which  shuts  itself  up  in  the  frowning  walls  of  dead 
languages  and  rank  male  diplomas.  Providence  has  kept  her  hands 
white  of  it  until  this  time :  and  in  those  pure  hands  she  now  receives 
from  Him  a  principle  of  guidance  and  a  set  of  remedies  that  will  not 
soil  them.  The  keen  edge  of  this  wedge  also  is  in,  and  it  will  be 
driven  home.  War  and  pestilence  are  the  Thor's  hammers  that  will 
send  it  into  the  core  of  physic. 

94.  Was  ever  common  sense  more  clear  than  that  women  are  the 
proper  nurses  for  wounded  soldiers?  Why  they  should  have  been 
excluded  beats  all  reasonable  conjecture.  The  ladies  of  Antwerp  and 
Brussels  ministered  to  thousands  of  such  after  the  Battle  of  Water- 
loo. Women,  by  their  patient  virtues  and  powers  of  endurance,  are 
quite  competent  to  follow  an  army  in  the  field;  they  always  stood  as 
a  second  array  at  the  back  of  the  old  Teutonic  hosts;  nay,  in  disor- 
derly crowds  they  have  followed  all  armies  since  wars  were  made. 
Why  should  they  not  now  follow  in  well-appointed  bands  of  charity  ? 
And  for  another  thing,  why  should  they  not  be  instructed  in  homoe- 
opathic medicine,  receive  certificates  of  competency  so  far,  take  more 
and  more  work  from  the  overburdened  shoulders  of  the  medical  man, 
and  emancipate  the  attention  of  the  doctors  for  the  worst  cases  and 
the  most  dangerous  casualties  ?  Because  the  doctors  are  timid  of 
bringing  such  rivals  into  the  field  afterwards  ?  At  any  rate,  by  shut- 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  55 

ting  out  the  other  sex  from  a  participation  in  their  labors,  they  have 
taken  so  much  upon  themselves  that  the  work  is  not  performed  at  all, 
according  to  the  unanimous  testimony  of  all  impartial  eye  witnesses. 
It  appears  then,  that  of  necessity  laymen  must  come  in,  women  must 
come  in  ;  and  to  make  the  best  of  both  these  newly-enfranchised 
classes,  Homoeopathy  must  come  in,  and  teach  what  to  do,  and  how 
to  do  it.  This  is  God's  wedge  of  Fate. 

95.  This  reform  has  many  nuclei,  —  little  centres  from  which  the 
newness  is  growing,  nor  perhaps  will  it  end  until  Doctresses  are  prop- 
erly seated  in  all  our  large  communities.  A  beginning  has  been 
made  in  the  United  States,  and  by  two  highminded  English  ladies, 
who  have  each  passed  through  an  entire  curriculum  of  medical  stud- 
ies, and  taken  doctors'  degrees.  I  allude  to  Doctor  Elizabeth  and 
Doctor  Emily  Blackwell,  both  of  whom  I  have  the  honor  of  knowing 
personally.  From  Dr.  Elizabeth  Blackwell  I  received  the  affecting 
tale  of  her  struggle.  Before  I  had  the  pleasure  of  meeting  her,  I  was 
accustomed  to  smile  at  the  notion  of  female  physicians,  and  I  was 
imbued  with  the  prejudice,  that  the  art  of  healing  was  not  intended 
for  women.  But  when  I  met  her,  I  received  the  confutation  of  my 
hypothesis;  and  I  saw  at  once  that  where  one  such  lady  could  exist, 
two  could  exist,  and  in  short  that  she  was  the  model  and  the  prophecy 
of  medical  ladies.  She  is  now  in  practice  in  New  York, — not,  I 
grieve  to  say,  a  Homoeopathist ;  but  I  am  thankful  for  her  as  a  pres- 
ence in  medicine  at  all.  She  told  me  that  she  had  long  determined 
to  open  medicine  to  her  sex,  and  to  recognize  no  difficulties  but  as 
they  came.  She  applied  to  various  colleges  for  permission  to  attend 
the  courses  of  lectures,  but  always  with  the  result  of  polite  refusal. 
At  last  a  college  in  Philadelphia  opened  to  her  solicitation.  The  day 
on  which  she  was  to  take  her  place  in  the  class,  the  Professor  told  his 
students  that  a  lady  was  about  to  join  their  ranks,  and  he  hoped  well 
of  them  for  her  sake  and  for  their  own.  There  she  continued,  assid- 
uous in  all  departments ;  she  did  her  part  in  the  dissecting  room  like 
the  rest,  only,  I  have  no  doubt,  with  a  grave  and  reverent  perseverance 
that  was  difficult  to  equal;  and  at  last  she  went  up  for  her  examina- 
tion, passed  it,  and  took  her  degree.  When  she  left  college,  the  Pro- 
fessor again  addressed  his  class ;  he  acknowledged  that  his  admoni- 
tions had  been  honorably  fulfilled,  and  that  never  before  had  he  known 
within  those  walls  so  thorough  an  obedience  to  decorum.  And  he 
added  that  for  this  cause,  he  should  always  be  glad  if  he  could  have 
such  ladies  among  them.  Imagine,  Sir  Benjamin,  what  a  threatening 
filmy  mob  of  Times  papers  and  nickering  Punches  such  a  woman  as 
that  walked  through  without  knowing  it,  with  her  quick  unswerving 
resolution.  I  think  you  will  admit  she  might  have  nerve  on  a  medi- 
cal emergency,  and  be  entitled  to  prescribe  with  a  cool  head  what  she 
had  learned  with  so  much  labor,  and  was  bent  to  practise  with  so  pow- 
erful a  volition.  And  there  are  many  others  of  the  same  sort  both  in 
England  and  America,  though  they  have  not  yet  had  breathing  room 
to  come  forth.  I  know  that  excellent  ladies  will  say,  "  I  should  not 
like  to  study  medicine  in  that  fashion."  But  then  Doctor  Elizabeth 
Blackwell  did  like  it,  and  did  determine  it;  and  it  is  only  those  who 
so  like  and  so  determine  that  will  be  evoked  in  such  a  character  by 


56  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

the  new  wants  of  the  world.  People  are  born  for  such  gigantic  works 
as  these  :  Hygeitc  nasciinlur,  nonfiunt;  and  all  we  have  to  do  is  sim- 
ple free  trade  over  again.  Let  them  try  their  strength,  and  have  their 
chance :  if  female  physicians  are  a  mistake  against  nature,  they  will 
come  to  nought.  If  they  are  a  true  function,  do  not  let  us  throw  one 
pebble  of  our  unfair  and  ungallant  hinderance  in  the  rough  path  of 
their  trial. 

96.  For  my  part,  Sir  Benjamin,  I  do  not  think  they  will  come  to 
nought;  and  I  have  adduced  this  case,  because  it  forms  a  kind  of 
head  and  front  to  all  I  have  been  dwelling  upon  about  the  imparting 
of  medical  knowledge  to  new  classes  of  the  people.     The  entire  realm 
of  practising  mothers,  of  nurses,  of  sisters  of  charity  of  all  descrip- 
tions, will  have  its  fountain  of  honor,  and  well-head  of  information, 
from  educated  accredited  women  of  scientific  talent  and  real  profes- 
sional standing.     And  therefore,  though  the  matter  be  still  a  little  in 
the  future,  I  thought  that  you,  as  Health  Minister,  might  as  well  keep 
it  in  your  eye,  and  have  a  slight  inkling  about  it.     The  medical  col- 
leges here  have  too  long  been  accustomed  to  be  called  bid  women : 
it  would  be  a  pleasant  change  for  them,  if  some  score  of  silvery  voices 
from  their  number  could  tell  the  public  that  they  are  young  ones. 

97.  But  to  return  for  a  moment  to  the  practical  subject  of  nurses 
for  our  armies,  I  would  remark  that  the  great  omission  in  the  concep- 
tion of  the  office,  as  an  institution,  appears  to  me  possibly  to  lie  in 
not  fairly  developing  what  I  will  call  the  female  side  of  armies.     It 
is  only  contemplated  to  form  the  lower  tiers  of  that  needful  service, 
and  of  course  a  large  cortege  of  women  who  are  exempted  from  the 
moral  tone  of  the  higher  members  of  their  own  sex,  will  be  very  likely 
to  fall  into  temptations,  just  as  would  be  the  case  if  there  were  no 
heads,  no  ladies  among  them,  to  guide,  advise  and  preserve  them, 
here  at  home.      The  remedy  lies  in  inviting  patriotic  ladies  info  the 
field.     I  mean  it  literally.     There  are  plenty  of  officers'  wives,  plenty 
of  Lady  Errols,  now  mouldering  for  want  of  a  function,  who  would 
answer  this  call ;  and  whose  chaste   presence  and  womanly  dignity 
would  protect  the  female  legion,  and  make  it  available  for  medical 
service.     The  sisters  of  charity  are  protected  by  the  sanctity  of  reli- 
gion ;  why  should  that  be  absent  from  our  bands  of  devoted  ladies? 
The  Teutonic  institution  only  wants  bringing  up  to  the  mark  of  the 
age,  to  be  the  thing  still  for  the  succor  of  the  wounded  Anglo-Saxon 
hosts. 

98.  False  medical  dignity  must,  however,  come  down  to  an  im- 
mense extent  in  carrying  out  this  courageously.     The  ladies  must  be 
fairly  at  the  head  of  their  own  departments.     The  gap  between  the 
aristocrats  and  the  serfs  in  our  medical  Russia,  between  the  diploma 
doctors  and  the  poor  nurses,  must  be  filled  up  by  an   independent 
middle  class  of  healers  with  an  acknowledged  charter  of  their  own. 
This  is  a  plenary  revolution,  but  it  must  be  accomplished. 

99.  If  there  were  no  other  reason,  Sir  Benjamin,  for  the  commis- 
sioning of  ladies  and  subordinate  females  in  this  crying  hour,  you 
would  find  a  strong  one  in  the  extreme  difficulty  you  will,  I  fear,  ex- 
perience, in  procuring  the  required  number  of  Homeopathic  surgeons. 
You   and  the   country  will   now  find,  to  grievous  cost,  what  The 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  57 

Lancet,  The  Times,  and  The  Athenanim  have  been  doing  for  years  past, 
in  discouraging  all  knowledge  of  Homoeopathy  among  the  medical 
men,  and  in  browbeating  those  who  were  determined  to  inform  them- 
selves about  it  They  have  been  only  too  successful,  and  now,  when 
you  want  Homoeopaths  to  rescue  the  men  from  the  jaw  of  those  cas- 
ualties which  are  summed  up  in  the  effects  of  war  and  pestilence, 
you  will  find  that  nearly  the  entire  Homoeopathic  corps  in  these 
Islands  is  already  preengaged  in  the  ample  services  of  private  prac- 
tice. In  short,  they  are  too  few  for  the  people  at  home.  You  must 
therefore  advertise  far  and  wide,  and  take  whom  you  may  ;  any  will  be 
better  than  the  Allopathic  incapables,  who  sit  beside  the  active  chol- 
era, fumbling  and  tabulating,  Death's  Statisticians.  But  probably 
you  will  be  enabled  to  enlist  several  Homoeopaths  from  the  Continent 
of  Europe.  And  you  are  to  recollect,  that  each  of  these  will  be  ser- 
viceable for  a  far  larger  number  of  patients,  than  a  single  medical 
man  can  help  under  the  old  plan.  But  the  ladies  will  be  a  city  of 
refuge  for  you  here;  for  The  Lancet,  The  Times,  and  T/ic  Athenaeum, 
have  no  whit  frightened  them  from  studying  the  true  art  of  healing, 
in  and  for  their  own  circles.  They  go  by  facts  and  cures,  and  not  by 
orthodoxy.  And  this  again  is  one  more  necessity  by  which  they 
press  themselves  into  the  public  service. 

100.  Events,  however,  thicken  in  this  direction  before  my  ink  is  dry. 
Doctor  Blackwell  is  already  but  one  of  a  band  of  which  Florence 
Nightingale  is  the  English  chief,  and   some  of  the  best  woman's 
blood  in  this  country  is  speeding  to  the  field  of  war,  to  do  woman's 
work  as  it  has  not  been  done  before  since  the  days  of  Jeanne  d'Arc. 
I  will  not  trust  myself  to  think  or  to  feel,  while  the  Lord  thus  calls 
up  his  chosen  into  their  long  empty  places,  lest  the  brain  should  be 
drowned  in  the  too  great  hour.     Only  I  will  say,  it  rejoices  me,  that 
medicine,  (call  it  nursing  if  you  please,  but  it  will  not  stop  there,)  is 
the  thing  which   has  unchained  the  feet  of  woman,  and  cast  away 
her  Chinese  shoes.     And  as  in  sensual  Judea  of  old,  the  light  of  this 
burning  chastity  springs  forth  in  the  land  of  the  Harem.     For  the 
rest  let  me  watch  with  reverent  amaze,  as  Providence  uncloses  these 
doors,  and  shows  me  the  aisles  of  hero  women  within,  and  the  inter- 
minable human  whiteness  of  the  future. 

101.  Before  I  quit  the  special  subject  of  the  army  and  navy,  I  will 
advert  to  one  great  service  which  you  must  hasten  to  do  for  all  those 
who  are  in  the  ranks  of  either.     You  know  that  the  Briton,  in  theo- 
ry, by  becoming  a  soldier,  does  not  cease  to  be  a  citizen.     Now  the 
citizen  at  home  can  adopt  Homceopathy  if  he  pleases,  without  incur- 
ring any  greater  penalty  than  the  sneers  and  jeers  of  all  the  "regular 
practitioners  "  in  his  neighborhood.     But  the  officer,  and  a  fortiori  the 
common   soldier,   has  no  such  freedom.     The  regimental  surgeons 
have  absolute  power  over  him  in  this  respect.     He  can  get  no  ticket 
of  sick  leave,  without  their  active  interference,  without  their  signa- 
ture :  and  the  first  question  they  ask  him  is,  Whether  he  has  taken 
their  medicine  ?     If  he  is  a  Homceopathist,  believing  to  the  core  in 
the  venomousness  of  old  physic,  he  must  either  lie,  and  say  he  has, 
which  British  officers  will  not  do,  or  else  he  must  swallotv  the  potions 
to  qualify  himself  for  the  proper  answer.     If  he  declines  pill  and 

8 


58  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

draught,  he  may  not  get  his  sick  certificate,  and  is,  I  understand,  lia- 
ble to  be  tried  by  court-martial.  If  he  is  known  to  favor  Homeop- 
athy, to  have  his  chest  of  globules,  and  thereby  to  keep  himself  out 
of  the  hands  of  the  army  doctors  as  long  as  he  can,  he  is  a  marked 
man,  and  knows  well  what  he  has  to  expect,  whenever  necessity 
obliges  him  to  hold  official  interview  with  the  regimental  surgeon. 
We,  on  this  free  shore,  who  know  what  the  conduct  of  the  medical 
profession  is  here,  to  alkwho  are  suspected  of  Homoeopathy,  with 
what  thorough  disdain  they  are  treated  by  the  men  of  diplomas,  may 
easily  form  some  slight  conception  of  what  the  case  and  treatment 
may  be,  where  military  sternness  and  complete  power  are  added  to 
so  much  professional  truculence,  and  patients  are  under  the  shod  heel 
of  medical  mercy.  The  Homoeopathic  officer  is  paid  out  in  the  Cri- 
mea with  a  vengeance,  for  the  freedom  of  opinion  which  he  dared  to 
assert,  and  to  commit  to  practice  at  home.  Can  you  imagine  any 
thing,  Sir  Benjamin,  more  derogatory  to  the  manliness  of  our  gallant 
army,  than  to  be  thus  coerced  by  an  old-womanish  folly  of  system, 
to  swallow  nausea  in  the  same  manner  as  used  to  be  the  wont  with 
poor  little  boys  in  the  bad  old  time  ?  Think  of  a  bit  of  a  doctor, 
standing  with  his  foul  cup,  and  spoon  smeared  with  bolus,  over  a  gen- 
eral, and  after  threat  after  threat,  exclaiming  at  him  with  the  look  of 
a  court  martial  in  his  eye,  "  Will  you  take  it  now?"  And  yet  this 
happens  every  day  in  substance.  The  army  has  got  so  far  as  that 
Protestants  do  not  cram  Catholics,  or  vice  versa,  with  unpalatable 
doctrines ;  and  why  should  Allopathy  pour  its  stuff  down  unwilling 
throats  ?  Let  there  be  liberty  in  medicine,  as  in  other  matters  of 
creed.  At  least  let  the  number  of  Homoeopaths  in  the  force  be  ascer- 
tained—  'tis  a  vital  point  for  future  health  —  and  let  the  proportion 
between  the  medical  men  of  the  two  systems  be  regulated  thereby. 
It  is  so  already  with  the  clergy.  If  you  will  fairly  see  this  point 
alone  carried  out,  you  will  have  the  thanks  of  both  services,  and  by 
placing  them  on  a  level  with  our  citizens,  you  will  rescue  them  from 
the  trammels  of  a  disgusting  slavery. 

102.  I  am  sure,  Sir  Benjamin,  after  the  fever,  the  cholera,  the  sick- 
ness, the  drenching,  the  battle,  the  march,  and  the  siege,  it  has  been  a 
relief  to  you  to  feel  the  soft  hand  of  the  ladies :  but  we  must  now 
accinge  ourselves  to  other  less  agreeable  considerations.  To-day  I 
received  by  chance,  The  Morning-  Post,  and  a  side  of  it  was  occupied 
with  a  catalogue,  headed  Medical  and  Surgical  Stores  for  ike  Ann//. 
It  is  from  Dr.  Smith,  the  Director  General  of  the  Army  and  Ordnance 
Medical  Department ;  and  The  Post  hopes  that  "  his  assurances  will- 
convince  the  public  that  every  necessary  precaution  has  been  taken  to 
alleviate,  so  far  as  circumstances  permit,  the  sufferings  of  those  brave 
men  who  may  unfortunately  fall  in  discharging  their  duty  to  the 
country."  Dr.  Smith  also  "  is  happy  in  being  able  to  state,  confi- 
dently, that  the  medical  officers  at  Scutari  have  at  their  command 
every  thing  necessary  to  the  treatment  of  the  wounded  soldier ;  hence 
there  is  no  necessity  whatever,  for  any  effort  being  made  by  the  pub- 
lic," &c.  Then  follows  the  list  of  stores,  something  like  an  index  to 
the  London  Pharmacopeia,  with  vast  poundage  assigned  to  many 
poisonous  substances.  500  pounds'  weight  of  blistering  plaster  :  134 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 


59 


pounds  of  calomel ;  150  pounds  of  contrite  jalap ;  1570  pounds  of 
castor  oil ;  30  pounds  of  contrite  opium  ;  100  pounds  of  colocynth 
pill,  and  100  of  blue  pill ;  150  pounds  of  Dover's  powder  ;  250  pounds 
of  laudanum,  and  250  of  tincture  of  rhubarb.  This  is  taken  from 
the  first  list  of  stores.  There  are  three  lists.  In  the  third  supply, 
sent  out  on  the  15th  of  September,  and  which  might  be  landed  at 
Scutari  about  the  30th,  ten  days  after  the  battle  of  the  Alma,  there 
is  an  insertion  of  5  pounds  2  ounces  of  tincture  of  arnica,  and  it  would 
appear  that  on  the  24th  of  October,  another  similar  supply  of  arnica 
will  be  forwarded  to  Scutari.  After  my  previous  pages,  Sir  Benja- 
min, you  will  know  how  to  value  Dr.  Smith's  happiness,  and  the 
Italics  evert/  thing  upon  which  it  is  founded.  My  ideas  of  every  thing 
and  nothing  are  at  this  moment  passing  through  each  other;  for  what 
the  Doctor  calls  every  thing,  I  call  nothing ;  and  what  he  implies  as 
nothing,  is  for  me  every  thing.  Arnica  and  rhus  are  the  first  every 
thing'  for  the  wounded  man;  arnica  has  for  ages,  merited  and  got  the 
title, panacea  lapsorum:  the  all-cure  of  the  fallen:  5  pints  of  arnica, 
commanded  and  inserted  in  the  third  list  by  some  soul  that  loves  its 
bleeding  fellows,  arrive  at  Scutari  ten  days  after  the  bloody  fair. 
The  list  has  no  veratrum,  cuprum,  dulcamara,  or  any  of  our  simples 
that  save  men's  lives.  In  one  word,  Homoeopathy  has  not  one  line 
of  its  own  on  the  huge  broadsheet.  One  battle  has  been  fought,  Sir 
Benjamin,  and  how  many  are  yet  to  fight?  Is  Dr.  Smith's  empty 
every  thing  to  be  the  limit  that  the  Health  Minister,  that  the  House 
of  Commons,  and  that  Her  Most  Gracious  Majesty  prescribes  as 
"  all  that  is  necessary  to  the  treatment  of  the  wounded  soldier." 
Then  let  the  bitter  tears  of  friends  and  relations  at  home,  fall  upon 
that  narrow  cruel  "  every  thing"  The  country,  like  "Holy  Russia," 
practically  leaves  its  fallen  sons  in  the  rear,  and  hurries  on  to  only 
brutal  glories.  On  the  surgical  side  of  the  list  there  are  109  cupping 
instruments;  600  lancets;  100  blood  porringers!  We  might  have 
left  this  department,  of  shedding  British  blood,  to  the  Russians. 

103.  Now  only  think,  Sir  Benjamin,  that  all  these  grim  groceries 
might  admirably  have  been  left  behind,  to  the  infinite  benefit  of  both 
services,  and  the  great  discouragement  of  the  holy  Czar.     I  will  not 
put  Mr.  Urquhart  on  the  scent,  but  it  strikes  me  that  if  he  were  to 
impeach  you  for  being  in  Russian  pay,  he  might  make  out  a  very 
plausible  case.     134  pounds  of  calomel  found  on  your  person,  you 
being  in  the  British  camp  just  before  a  great  action ;  and  with  every 
presumption  that  you  intended  it,  not  for  the  Muscovites,  but  for  our 
troops!     1000  and  odd  pounds  of  castor  oil  secreted  about  you  in 
three  separate  places,  and  more  on  its  way  into  your  possession  :  and 
every  reason  to  suppose  that  it  again  was  for  our  men.     100  pounds 
of  blue  pill  also,  and  hundreds  of  pounds  of  laudanum,  in  your  per- 
nicious wallet !     Talk  of  poisoning  wells,  Sir  Benjamin  ;  that  is  a 
trifle  to  what  the  Health  Minister  has  sanctioned.    A  drumhead  court 
martial  might  have  made   short  work   of  you.     However,  I  acquit 
you  ;  clinging  to  the  hope  that  you  meant  the  poison  for  Menchikoff 
and  Nachimoff. 

104.  Even  while  I  write  this,  another  medical  event  has  occurred 
which  is  significant  many  ways.      The  Times  newspaper  by  a  hint, 


60  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

has  called  forth  a  subscription  from  the  public  of  ,£10,000;  a  sub- 
scription headed  by  Sir  Robert  Peel ;  for  the  effectual  succor  of  the 
wounded  :  and  the  lagging  Government  has  followed  in  the  wake  of 
The  Times.  This  shows  the  vast  tremble  of  the  public  heart,  and 
what  it  could  do  if  only  rightly  directed.  But  it  is  going  to  bolster 
up  exactly  the  same  system,  which  has  been  so  inefficacious  before : 
for  it  begins  from  the  parlor  of  the  journal  in  which  Homoeopathy  has 
been  already  smothered.  No  arnica  is  to  be  forwarded  to  Sebastopol, 
or  to  Scutari,  that  I  can  hear  of — no  arnica,  to  assuage  the  dreadful 
thirst  of  the  wounded:  no  calendula,  to  make  the  flesh  grow  in  the 
gaping  places :  no  sympliytum  for  the  (shattered  bones  !  No  Homoeo- 
pathic medicine  chests !  At  the  bottom  of  this  well-peaked,  protru- 
sive, cotton-made  bosom  of  the  charity  of  The  Times,  there  lurk  horrid 
dry  ribs  of  cruelty,  a  very  skeleton  in  the  land.  It  does  good  in  the 
market-place,  and  murders  Homoeopathy,  the  only  true  servitor  of 
the  wounded,  in  the  closet.  I  have  been  also  shocked  to  see  a  letter 
signed  Robert  Grosvenor,  who  is  president  of  a  homosopathic  hospital, 
and  member  for  Middlesex,  who  knows  what  arnica  and  Homosop- 
athy  are  in  his  own  family,  yet  has  not  a  word  to  say  in  the  leading 
journal,  of  their  application  to  the  British  troops.  O !  fie !  thou 
leader  of  the  people !  Why  canst  thou  not  lead  them  to  that  good,  of 
which  thou  knowest?  Very  likely  The  Times  would  not  have  put  his 
letter  in,  if  he  had  breathed  a  word  of  arnica  and  Homosopathy.  But 
what  then  ?  it  did  no  good  when  it  was  in  :  it  had  no  rememberable 
part,  not  even  a  mite  of  money  :  nothing  but  my  Lord's  dumbness  of 
the  good  he  knew,  indorsed  by  his  noble  name.  Had  he  made  the 
right  effort,  the  military  journals,  whose  especial  business  medical  jus- 
tice to  the  Army  perhaps  is,  would  have  given  him  a  sufficient  hearing; 
and  then  he  would  not  have  had  the  sad  reflection  of  having  put  his 
candle  under  a  bushel,  at  the  time  when  the  British  Empire  craved  his 
little  light 

105.  But  let  me  do  one  pleasant  justice:  I  would  to  God  I  could 
do  more :  I  rejoice  to  see  chloroform  included  in  the  list  of  ample  sup- 
plies. That  greatest  surgical  discovery  of  the  age,  that  prompt  Lethe, 
has  always  been  to  my  mind,  one  of  the  greatest  realizations  of  the 
benevolent  "  punctuality  of  Providence."  Of  course  its  administra- 
tion involves  skill,  and  it  may  be  a  fair  question,  whether  a,  soldier, 
faint  from  loss  of  blood,  is  a  nt  subject  for  the  appliance  of  chloro- 
form. On  the  other  hand,  I  do  not  admire  a  hypothesis  advanced  by 
a  surgeon  in  The  Times,  that  the  prods  of  the  agonies  of  operations, 
are  a  good  stimulus  to  the  half-swooning  wounded.  There  is  a  sharp- 
ness in  that  practice  that  hurts  humanity,  unless  the  fact  be  quite 
correct ;  in  which  case  of  course  it  is  humane.  But  I  protest  against 
recording  the  small  per  myriadage  of  chloroform  deaths  as  conclusive 
against  the  use  of  anaesthetics.  Dr.  Simpson,  my  adversary  in  all 
else,  is  my  true  man  here.  Let  another  table  of  deaths,  a  heavier  list 
I  opine,  be  balanced  against  this,  —  that,  I  mean,  of  those  who  die 
of  the  nervous  shock,  that  the  knife  gives  to  flesh  and  blood  and  bone. 
The  one  average  should  be  fairly  set  against  the  other ;  the  difference 
be  taken  ;  the  result  be  stated  to  those  whom  it  most  concerns,  the 
patients ;  and  jas  the  chances  of  casualty  are  confessedly  very  small, 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  61 

the  patients  may  have  the  choice  of  braving  the  peril  if  they  please. 
But  it  would  be  most  inhuman  not  to  allow  them  the  immunity  from 
pain,  which  they  may  crave  in  moments  so  terrible  as  those  of  surgi- 
cal interference. 

106.  And  now,  Sir  Benjamin,  apropos  of  chloroform,  let  us  take  a 
peep  into  those  low  tents  in  the  rear,  where  the  good  surgeons  with 
shirt  sleeves  up,  are  doing  their  work.    The  air  is  hot  and  fleshy  with 
the  red  reek  which  is  there,  but  the  spirit  of  the  day,  particularly  as 
you  have  lost  no  blood  yourself,  will  support  you  from  fainting.     I 
want  you  to  mark  all  the  noble  assiduity  in  that  flickering  candle- 
light;  the  strong  skill  of  the  swimmers  in  that  sea  of  horrors.    There 
is  a  precipitation,  too,  such  as  these  sanguinary  instants  demand ;  yet 
I  think  it  is  somewhat  chargeable  to  you  and  the   Board,  that  the 
hurry  is  greater  than  it  need  be.     Nature  in  her  direst  emergencies, 
always  has  more  time  to  give  away  than  fear  and  want  of  knowledge 
deem.     It  is  only  Allopathy  that  has  no  simples,  and  no  waiting,  that 
is  to  say,  no  observation.    If  you  had  used  your  arnica,  Sir  Benjamin, 
on  the  field,  there   need  not  have   been  quite  so  much  haste  in  the 
surgical  tents,  and  fewer  men  would  have  died  in  their  litters  as  they 
were  being  carried  to  the  fleet.     Every  operation  that  can  be  post- 
poned from  the  battle  field  to  the  hospital,  gives  a  better  chance  to 
the  patients,  and  the  arnica  which  you  and  your  Board  would  not 
give,  would  have  made  you  the  time  of  that  postponement.     The 
system  of  which  you  are  the  head,  sends  the  whole  profession  of  phy- 
sic, and  especially  of-  surgery,  into  an  unseemly  hurry  for  instant 
effects,  and  to  capital  operations.     You  have  therefore  now  witnessed 
•under  your  own  eye,  the  extraction  of  balls  which  ought  to  have  been 
left  in,  and  the  amputation  of  limbs  which  ought  to  have  been  left 
on ;  and  that  has  happened  because  you  and  the  Board  have  been 
obdurate  against  the  vulnerary  remedies  of  the  homoeopaths.     In  con- 
sequence, many  lives  have  been  lost,  many  surgical  blunders  commit- 
ted, much  has  been  done  offhand  which  required  great  deliberation ; 
many  wounded  men,  just  dead  from  loss  of  blood,  have  lost  more  still 
by  your  operations,  and  have  succumbed :  and  in  short,  you  have 
been  the  patron  of  the  spirit  of  hurry,  which,  though  it  be  the  ani- 
mating breath  of  old  physic,  has  no  part  in  Homoeopathy ;  whose 
leading  motto  here  also  is,  tuto,  cito,  et  jucunde. 

107.  I  must  also  tell  you  that  you  have  lost  here  a  fine  occasion  for 
enlisting  on  the  side  of  the  healing  art  the  surgeons  themselves,  who 
have  hardly  a  scrap  of  faith  in  old  physic,  but  who  will  be  brought 
round  to  the  new  faith  precisely  by  witnessing,  as  pupils  of  the  Ho- 
moeopaths, and  often  of  the  Homoeopathic  laity,  the  undoubted  action 
of  vulnerary  remedies.    The  late  Mr.  Listen  once  told  me  that  "  med- 
icine was  a  stupid  art."     He  and  his  brethren  are  so  much  accus- 
tomed to  real  effects  with  their  catlines  and  bistouries,  that  they  lack 
all  feeling  of  solid  fact  in  the  no-results  for  cure  of  the  allopathic  med- 
icines.    But  arnica,  rhus,  calendula,  and  the  other  wound  herbs,  do 
proffer  such  speaking  effects  of  the  power  which  medicines  exert  in 
wounds,  bruises,  and  the  like,  that  if  you  had  first  done  your  duty 
unflinchingly  over  the  heads  of  the  surgeons,  they  would  in  all  proba- 
bility, have  been  converted  to  physic  by  the  common  soldiers  and  the 
nurses.     You  lost  a  golden  chance  there. 


62  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

108.  As  allied  to  the  subject  of  the  drugging  of  armies,  let  me 
commend  Homoeopathy  to  the  transport  department,  on  account  of 
the  great  portability  of  its  means.  Two  or  three  chests  of  drawers 
xvould  have  sufficed  to  contain  the  Homo3Opathic  medicines  for  the 
grand  army  of  Xerxes;  exclusively  of  course  of  the  arnica,  rhus,  ca- 
lendula and  symphytum,  for  the  wounded.  So  great  a  saving  of  room, 
so  great  a  convenience  of  carriage,  would  have  rejoiced  the  spirit  of 
the  conqueror  of  Scinde,  Sir  Charles  Napier,  who  abhorred  baggage 
for  working  troops.  On  the  ground  of  expensiveness,  too,  after  the 
men  have  once  been  provided  with  their  private  medicine  chests, 
Homoeopathy  will  have  greatly  the  advantage,  and  Mr.  Headland  in- 
forms me  that  even  with  the  first  supply  of  chests,  it  will  not  be  so 
expensive  as  the  present  system.  However,  were  it  ten  times  as  costly 
as  the  allopathic  medical  stores,  its  financial  benefits  would  be  pre- 
ponderant to  a  degree  almost  beyond  calculation.  Nothing  so  utterly 
wastes  armies  as  disease.  The  damages  of  12,000  men  dead,  and 
18,000  hors  du  combat  under  Allopathy ;  and  which  make  reenforce- 
ments  brought  from  3000  miles'  distance  continually  needful,  can 
hardly  be  estimated.  In  fact,  it  is  these  things  that  constitute  the 
bulk  and  burden  of  National  Debts.  And  accordingly  it  is  easy  to 
see,  that  the  adoption  of  Homoeopathy  by  the  British  Government, 
will  lighten  the  grievous  calls  of  the  tax  gatherer,  and  make  every 
house  in  the  kingdom  richer.*  It  alone  will  help  my  Lord  Raglan  "  to 

*  I  extract  from  the  Fourth  Annual  Report  of  the  London  Homoeopathic  Hospital 
the  following  as  bearing  on  this  subject :  — 

"  The  legislatures  of  two  of  the  most  important  States  of  the  American  Union 
(Pennsylvania  and  Ohio)  have  granted  Charters  of  Incorporation  to  Homoeopathic 
Universities ;  the  Chambers  of  the  Kingdom  of  Bavaria,  of  the  Grand  Duchy  of 
Baden,  and  other  German  States,  have  authorized  Professorships  of  Homoeopathy  in 
the  public  Universities;  the  Imperial  Government  of  Austria  has  instituted  a  Pro- 
fessorship of  Homoeopathy,  and  sanctioned  the  establishment  of  Homoeopathic  Hos- 
pitals in  different  parts  of  its  dominions ;  in  Berlin  and  Moscow  similar  hospitals 
exist;  and  one  hundred  beds  in  the  Hospital  of  St.  Marguerite  (a  branch  of  the 
Hotel  Dieu  in  Paris)  are  devoted  to  patients  who  are  openly  treated  on  the  homoeo- 
pathic system,  by  Dr.  Tessier  and  his  hospital  assistants. 

"  When  the  Bavarian  Parliament  and  the  Hungarian  diet,  in  1843,  unanimously 
agreed  to  recommend  the  merits  of  Homoeopathy  to  the  favorable  consideration  of 
their  respective  Governments,  it  was  shown,  — 

"  1st.  That,  in  Germany,  the  mortality  in  homoeopathic  hospitals  was  not  quite  6 
per  cent.,  whereas,  in  allopathic  hospitals  it  amounted  to  more  than  12  per  cent. 

"2d.  That  in  severe  inflammation,  the  mortality  in  allopathic  hospitals  was 
nearly  15  per  cent.,  and  in  homoeopathic  hospitals  not  quite  5  per  cent. 

"  3d.  That  in  cholera,  the  mortality  in  allopathic  hospitals  was  56,  and  in  homoeo- 
pathic hospitals  under  33  per  cent. 

"  -4th.  Tnat  the  average  number  of  days  which  the  patients  remained  in  the  hos- 
pital was  twenty-eight  to  twenty-nine  in  allopathic,  and  from  twenty  to  twenty-four 
days  in  homoeopathic  hospitals ;  and 

"  5th.  That  in  Homoeopathic  hospitals,  the  charge  for  each  patient  is  nearly  half 
the  expenditure  for  each  patient  in  allopathic  establishments."  * 

*  "  We  must,  however,  bear  in  mind  that  this  saving  in  money  is  a  double  or  a  three- 
fold benefit,  for  by  shortening  the  time  of  the  confinement  of  a  patient,  while  it  saves  the 
contributors  the  expense  of  his  maintenance,  it  likewise  restores  him  sooner  to  his  fam- 
ily, who  may  be,  and  probably  are,  reduced  to  great  straits  by  his  disability  to  earn  their 
food,  and  it  gives  a  vacancy  in  the  establishment  for  the  relief  of  some  other  patient,  who 
would  otherwise  be  excluded  from  want  of  room.   For  the  want  of  funds  and  the  want  of 
room,  not  the  want  of  patients,  fix  the  limits  to  the  relief  of  the  sick  poor  in  this  coun- 
try."— Appendix  to  a  Concise  View  of  Homoeopathy,  pp.  222,  223. 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 


63 


bring  into  the  field  every  available  soldier,"  and  enable  him  to  dis- 
pense in  great  part  with  the  necessity  of  sending  home  continual  calls 
for  reinforcements,  each  man  of  whom  costs  ,£150. 

109.  To  know  the  length  and  breadth  of  financial  and  other  func- 
tion which  pertains  to  you,  Sir  Benjamin,  you   have   only  to  recall 
what  a  single  medical  discovery,  lemon  juice  for  scurvy,  has  done  for 
the  navies  of  the  world  :  and  to  multiply  this  by  the  other  diseases 
which   Homoeopathy  will  enable  you  similarly  to  extinguish.     To 
refresh  your  memory,  and  help  your  deductions,  I  will  quote  from 
Elliotson's  Practice  of  Physic  a  short  passage  on  this  one  memorable 
achievement  of  public  healing  :  — 

110.  "  The  great  cause  of  this  disease,"  says  Dr.  Elliotson,  "appears  to 
be  the  want  of  fresh  animal  and  fresh  vegetable  food.     It  is  on  this  ac- 
count that  the  disease  was  formerly  very  common  at  sea;  for,  at  one  peri- 
od, sailors  were  supplied  with  nothing  but  salt  provisions.     So  badly  were 
ships  formerly  provided  for,  and  so  faulty  was  the  general  management, 
that  in  the  year  1726,  when  Admiral  Hosier  sailed  to  the  West  Indies  with 
seven  ships,  he  buried  his  ship's  company  twice  ;  and  then  died  himself  of 
a  broken  heart.     Deaths  to  the  amount  of  eight  or  ten  a  day  took  place, 
formerly,  in  a  moderate  ship's  company.     The  bodies,  after  being  sown  up 
in  hammocks,  were  washed  about  the  deck,  for  want  of  sufficient  strength, 
on  the  part  of  survivors,  to  throw  them  overboard.     Lord  Ansou,  in  the 
year  1741,  lost  one  half  of  his  crew,  by  scurvy,  in  six  months.     Out  of 
nine  hundred  and  sixty-one  men  who  sailed  with  him,  only  three  hundred 
and  thirty-five  were  alive  at  the  end  of  the  year ;  and  at  the  end  of  the 
second  year,  only  seventy-one  were  fit  for  the  least  duty; — not  to  say 
duty,  but  for  the  least  duty.     Sir  Gilbert  Elaine  says  that  the  disease  used 
to  appear  in  about  six  or  seven  weeks  from  the  beginning  of  sea  victual- 
ling." 

111.  "  The  effects  of  lemon  juice  on  the  disease  are  speedy  and  won- 
derful ;  —  so  wonderful,  that  the  compiler  of  '  Lord  Anson's  Voyage,'  after 
describing  the  disease,  and  the  horrors  which  took  place  from  its  ravages, 
says  that  the  cure  of  such  a  complaint  seems  impossible,  by  any  remedy, 
or  any  management,  that  can   be  employed.     Scurvy  was  formerly  set 
down,  without  hesitation,  as  an  incurable  disease  ;  —  not  only  as  a  disease 
incurable  then,  but  as  being  so  formidable  in  its  nature,  that  it  never  would 
be  cured ;  and  yet,  in  almost  every  case,  we  can  now  cure  it  with  the  ut- 
most facility." 

112.  "  So  great  is  the  effect  of  this  remedy,  that  you  will  find  the  follow- 
ing passage  in  Sir  W.  Herschel's  work,  published  in  Dr.  Lardner's  Cyclopce- 
dia  on  the  cultivation  of  the  physical  sciences.     '  At  present,  the  scurvy  is 
almost  completely  eradicated  in  the  navy  ;  —  partly,  no  doubt,  from  an  in- 
creased and  increasing  attention  to  general  cleanliness,  comfort,  and  diet ; 
but  mainly  from  the  constant  use  of  a  simple  and  palatable  beverage, — 
the  acid  of  lemon,  served  out  in  daily  rations.     If  the  gratitude  of  man- 
kind be  allowed  on  all  hands  to  be  the  just  meed  of  the  philosophic  physi- 
cian, to  whose  discernment  in  seizing,  and  perseverance  in  forcing  it  on 
public  notice,  we   owe  the  great  safeguard  of  infantile  life ;  it  ought  not 
to  be  denied  to  those  whose  skill  and  discrimination  have  thus  strength- 
ened the  sinews  of  our  most  powerful  arm,  and  obliterated  one  of  the 
darkest  features,  in  one  of  the  most  glorious  of  all  professions.' " 

113.  Now  ponder  this  well,  Sir  Benjamin,  and  let  me  remind  you 
that  cuprum  will  do  for  cholera,  arnica  for  wounds,  rhus  for  wettings, 


64  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

and  rhus  and  bryonia  for  fevers,  that  same  saving  which  lemon  juice 
has  effected  for  scurvy:  saving  of  life,  saving  of  cash,  saving  of  the 
material  power  and  glory  of  Great  Britain :  saving  also  of  Medical 
Humanity. 

114.  But,  Sir,  we  have  yet  one  more  scene  to  visit  together,  con- 
nected with   all   we   have   previously  witnessed  :  a    home  scene,  Sir 
Benjamin  ;  and  we  must  now  ascend  a  mountain  of  pity  high  enough 
to  command  the  dewy  ex  tense  of  three  kingdoms.     From  thence  we 
have  to  look  down  from  every  point  of  our  warm  hearts  with  a  sight 
as  multifold  as  the  cherubic  eyes.     We  are  to  see  with  equal  pene- 
tration, through  the  diverse  thickness  of  castles,  mansions  and  cot- 
tages, through  London  and  through  hamlet,  at  young  wives  and  aged 
mothers,  little  children,  brothers  and  sisters,  —  all  groups  and  ties  that 
are ;  and  at  affianced  maidens,  ties  that  were  to  be.     There  are  rents 
and  tears  to-day  in  the  general  life :  the  bulletin  of  the  dead  has  come, 
and  the  groups  of  sorrow  are  constituted.     Splendid  Paris  bends  us 
a  Niobe  or  as  a  Rachel,  while  the  corpse  of  her  much  enduring  Hero 
is  borne  to  the  marble  Invalides ;  other  corpses  go  earthwards  with  a 
shorter  procession,  helped  away  by  the  spades  of  ruder  but  more  in- 
stant sculptors :  the  rucked  sod  of  the  Alma  is  their  urn  and  monu- 
ment in  one ;  yet  every  warrior  among  them  is  also   buried  to-day 
with  swelling  greatness  of  obsequies,  if  we  could  see  them,  in  the 
everlasting  ruby  vaults  of  some  human  heart.      You  are  touched,  Sir 
Benjamin,  and  are  justly  religious  on  this  summit.     Struck  down  for 
a   moment  from  worldliness,   we  both  discourse  without  an    after- 
thought, on  the  immortal  state  :  we  hope  that  the  brave  are  already 
welcomed  in  the  land  of  peace :  that  the  laurels  they  could  not  stop 
to  take,  and  the  earned  promotion  they  seem  to  have  missed,  are  clad 
upon  them  now  by  the  God  of  battles  in  front  of  the  shining  armies 
of  the  just.     We  hope  also  that  if  their  voices  could  now  speak  to 
the  mourners  they  have  left,  the  oil  of  their  sure  gladness  would  heal 
our  faithless  sorrow.     It  is  a  true  strain  no  doubt,  and  yet  but  of  mo- 
mentary power. 

115.  Recovered  a  little  from  weakness  and  spirituality,  Sir  Benja- 
min, you  ask  me  what  all  this  undoubted  matter  has  to  do  with  our 
present  relation  ?     I  will  tell  you,  —  all  those    sorrowing  hearts  are 
your  patients.     They  may  not  have  called  you  in,  but  you  have  called 
yourself  in  as  health  minister  to  the  British  community  ;  and  all  gen- 
eral and  calculable  casualties  in  the  human  frame,  in   their  healing, 
are  your  vocation.     You  are  Emperor  of  the  Bills  of  Mortality  ;  ev- 
ery week  they  issue  from  your  palace.     Each  day  is  a  battle  of  the 
Alma ;  every  common  death  leaves  a  wounded  family  in  your  medi- 
cal charge.     This  bulletin  has  done  nothing  but  in  the  way  of  a  little 
more  suddenness  than  usual :  the  shock  has  been  speedier ;  hopes  of 
friends  have  died  in  a  moment,  instead  of  expiring  in  months :  the 
malady  of  cannon  balls  has  told  quicker  on  the  fallen  and  on  the  sur- 
vivors than  other  diseases.     But  it  is  only  a  difference   of  degree. 
Similar  patients,  thousands  weekly  from   London  alone,  have  been 
crying  out  to  your  Board  of  Health  since  its  first  inauguration. 

lib'.  Appeal  to  the  doctors  about  you,  unusually  grave  to-day,  by 
their  human  commiseration,  to  tell  you  what  to  do  for  this  piteous 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  65 

bloating  flock  of  your  shorn  countrymen.  Remind  them  that  grief 
strikes  and  shatters  the  body,  and  that  they  have  given  you  to  under- 
stand that  the  ailing  body  is  their  business.  Observe  to  them  that 
if  they  cannot,  stanch  the  rushing  sorrow  in  the  mind,  which  you  do 
not  expect  from  them,  they  may  cancel  its  eating  effects  upon  the 
physical  organization.  Recall  to  them  that  you  have  read  in  old 
books,  of  philters  for  love,  and  medicines  for  sorrow,  and  beseech 
them  if  that  tradition  be  now  overpast  in  the  strides  of  science.  Pray 
them  then  lor  the  better  gift  that  has  corne  instead.  Tell  them  that 
woe  deranges  hearts  of  flesh;  that  it,  sends  dire  dead  apathy  into  the 
cordial  nerves  ;  that  for  long  years  after  such  sorrows,  those  who  have 
forgotten  to  mourn,  still  feel  cold  lumps  of  ice  instead  of  the  cheerful 
pieces  of  their  breasts,  and  walk  with  half-alive  frames  and  vitals, 
because  the  blood  springs  have  been  frost  nipped.  Ask  them  whether 
this,  and  the  beginning  of  this,  be  not  as  much  within  their  province, 
as  hypertrophy  with  dilatation,  or  disease  of  the  semilunar  valves. 
If  they  have  nothing  to  answer  you,  Sir  Benjamin,  and  above  all  if 
they  smile  and  commence  to  leer,  come  out  of  the  midst  of  them,  for 
they  are  doomed  doctors.  If  you  stay  where  they  are,  you  will  catch 
flinriness  out  of  their  ribs. 

117.  And  yet  I  am  too  certain  there  is  not  a  word   in  them,  else 
they  would  have  said  it  long  ago.     They  have  fallen  upon  another 
direction :   Augsea,  not   Hygeia,  is  their  chosen  path.     Let  them  be 
committed  to   the  sewers  for  life,  with  The  Times  and   Dr.  Fungus 
Kantanker  of  The,  Athenccum  fording  the  inky  drains  at  their  head, 
seated  one  behind  the  other  in  paper  caps  on  Mr.  Chadwick's  pony. 
You  and  I  are  now  the  clearer  for  Homreopathy.     Benign  as  usual, 
apt  as  usual  in  resources,  gathering  up  as  usual  the  cures  and  pearls 
of  the  whole  medical  past,  full  of  new  observation  and  old  witnesses 
of  common  sense  in  man's  wonderful  body,  the  art  which  sprang  by 
providence  from  Hahnemann's  front,  comes  armed  and  equipaged  to 
the  door  of  the  national  sorrow.     The  bodily  grief  shall  be  chastened ; 
it  shall  pass  away  without  scathing  the  vessel ;  wailing  shall  have  its 
decent  time,  and  then  shall  be  exchanged  for  work :  the  tears  shall 
flow  fast,  but  shall  not  eat  the  guarded  cheeks  :  the  man  shall  follow 
his  brother  to  the  tomb,  and  then,  unspoiled,  shall  proceed  by  the  spir- 
itual tracks  of  industry  here  to  follow  him  in  the  spiritual  life:   God's 
armies  on  the  material  shore,  shall  keep  tramp  and  pace  with   His 
parallel  white-sailed  fleets  on  the  eternal  ocean.     The  doctrine  of  the 
true  medicine  shall  do  for  the  body,  what  the  faith  and  sight  of  the 
Christian  effect  for  the  soul.     That  earthwardness  of  the  frame  which 
bending  sorrow  makes,  and  which  continues  itself  into  disease,  shall 
be  raise'.!  upright  again ;  just  as  the  fruitless  regrets  of  the  mind  are 
redeemed  into  manliness  and  womanliness,  by  the  consolations  of  re- 
ligion.    The  strict  bodily  side  of  this,  in  its  general  aspects,  is  what 
the  Health  Minister  owes  to  the  people :  it  is  the  sweet  accompani- 
ment to  your  bitter  Bills  of  Mortality ;  and  I  will  now  tell  you  the 
beginning  of  how  to  manage  it. 

118.  There  is  a  plant,  Sir  Benjamin,  which  grows  in  the  far  islands 
of  the  Eastern  seas,  and  which,  in  the  Homosopathic  giving,  is  a  most 
sovereign  remedy  against  the  injuries  of  sorrow  :  that  plant  is  termed 

9 


66  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

ig-natia  amara ;  a  plant  bitter  like  sorrow  itself,  and  like  good  sorrow 
of  infinite  beneficenee  in  its  intentions.  If  there  had  been  a  Board 
of  Healing,  that  Board,  with  the  bulletin,  would  have  recommended 
to  all  whom  it  might  concern,  to  mix  a  dozen  globules  of  the  sixth 
dilution  of  ig-natia  in  a  wine  glass  of  water,  and  to  take  a  teaspoonful 
of  the  tasteless  and  harmless  mixture  three  or  four  times  a  day  for  two 
or  three  weeks.  That  issue  of  directions  would  have  been  the  medi- 
cal collect  for  the  occasion.  But  few  of  those  heaviest  struck,  would 
do  it  for  themselves,  because  grief  is  absorbing,  but  the  more  erect 
members  of  the  afflicted  families  would  press  it  upon  the  attention  of 
the  rest,  representing  to  them  that  all  duty  required  them  to  provide 
for  their  future  prospects  of  health  ;  especially  since  the  loss  of  the 
family's  strong  arm,  in  a  father,  or  a  husband  or  brother  slain,  added 
to  the  call  of  strength  which  would  be  made  on  the  remainder.  In 
this  way,  perhaps  by  little  and  little,  the  use  of  this  invaluable  drug 
would  be  propagated.  The  same  would  apply  to  the  deaths  of  each 
week;  and  to  those  which  every  post  may  bring  as  the  upshot  of  our 
future  battles.  If  you  had  known  and  done  this  part  of  your  func- 
tions, we  should  more  seldom  hear  such  histories  as  this:  "  Mrs.  So 
and  So  never  held  up  her  head  again  after  the  intelligence  of  her 
son's  death  :  Miss  Blank  died  of  a  broken  heart  when  her  lover  was 
killed :  the  old  mother  of  Lieut.  P.  never  smiled  more  after  she  heard 
the  fatal  news."  I  might  multiply  these  cases  to  any  extent;  they 
are  a  common  bodily  fruit  of  the  battle  of  life;  and  the  numbers 
crippled  and  carried  downwards,  and  slain  outright  in  this  way,  is  a 
matter  only  to  be  known  by  those,  who  have  a  large  acquaintance 
with  the  diseases  of  the  people.  Death  in  this  way,  engenders  death 
among  the  proper  living ;  the  crops  of  wounded,  bruised,  and  broken 
hearts  come  as  regularly  in  this  mortal  world  as  crops  of  grass  ;  for 
all  flesh  is  grass  for  the  Old  Mower.  Providence  has  sown  broadcast, 
general  remedies  for  this  general  disease ;  simple  and  applicable  to 
each  day's  processions  of  mourners.  Of  these  remedies  there  are 
many,  but  Ignatia  is  perhaps  the  first.  I  can  tell  you  from  abundant 
practice,  that  it  is  of  a  true  efficacy.  Sometime  ago,  Sir  Benjamin, 
I  received  by  post  a  most  lugubrious-looking  letter  :  like  the  very  billet 
of  an  undertaker.  I  had  lost  a  good  relation  just  before,  and  on 
breaking  the  large  sable  seal,  lo !  and  behold!  a  sympathetic  house 
in  Regent  Street  had  sent  me  a  catalogue  of  all  mourning.  I  could 
have  dived  into  black  by  that  list  down  to  very  Cimmeria,  and  come 
up  death's  own  chimney  sweep.  It  struck  rne  as  a  remarkable  coin- 
cidence, that  just  on  that  day  that  commercial  house  should  divine 
my  loss,  and  proffer  its  answerable  livery.  1  then  recollected  that  my 
relative's  passage  out  of  life  had  appeared  in  that  morning's  Times, 
and  I  began  to  put  two  pieces  of  an  event  together.  On  comparing 
notes  with  others,  1  discerned  at  length  that  the  proprietors  of  that  es- 
tablishment consulted  the  newspapers  every  day,  and  sent  their 
mourning  list  to  all  the  directions  in  which  deaths  were  chronicled. 
Very  decent,  spirited,  and  tradesrnan-like  !  The  thought  then  occurred 
to  me,  that  that  shop  knew  and  did  its  business  a  great  deal  bet- 
ter than  the  Board  of  Health,  which,  with  an  exhaustive  knowledge 
of  the  families  in  which  current  deaths  have  happened,  never  yet  sent 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  67 

a  single  recommendation  to  the  people,  availing  to  obviate  the  general 
maladies  that  come  of  sorrow.  Perhaps  you  will  tell  me  the  doctors 
ought  to  manage  this  :  but  why  the  doctors  ?  A  general  prescription 
from  your  hand  will  apply  to  the  afflicted  at  once.  There  will  un- 
doubtedly be  cases  in  which  other  simples  will  be  needed,  true  medi- 
cal cases ;  after  so  great  a  number  have  been  cleared  away  by  your 
Board,  a  very  few  skilful  Homoeopaths  will  suffice  for  the  remainder. 
The  registers  of  the  several  districts,  who  are  in  close  relation  with 
your  Board,  and  who  wait  upon  every  house  in  case  of  death,  may 
form  a  ready  means  of  carrying  out  your  humane  intentions  here  ; 
as  they  do  already  in  the  matter  of  vaccination.  There  is  nothing 
more  impertinent  in  guarding  the  public  against  the  injurious  conse- 
quences of  grief,  than  in  insuring  them  against  those  of  small  pox.* 
The  one  service  is  only  a  little  higher  than  the  other,  in  the  offices  of 
a  progressive  Ministry  of  Health. 

119.  I  shall  not  apologize  for  being  repetitious,  Sir  Benjamin,  for 
iteration  of  plain  facts  unknown  to  you  is  my  business  and  my  duty; 
and  therefore  I  again  beg  you  to  observe,  that  that  Homo3opathy  de- 
spised and  rejected  of  your  Board  and  The  Times,  is  here  again  the 
only  candidate  for  the  medical  service  of  the  State.  The  medicinal 
treatment  of  not  one  single  mental  symptom,  and  of  not  one  bodily 
affection  springing  from  the  influence,  emotions,  and  conditions  of 
the  mind,  has  been  attempted  by  old  physic.  If  it  had,  the  prescrip- 
tions, judging  by  all  the  rest,  would  be  so  unmanageable,  that  you 
could  never  commend  them  to  suffering  masses  of  your  countrymen: 
each  one  would  require  the  presence  of  a  medical  man  to  obviate  its 
own  bad  consequences,  or  at  any  rate  to  see  that  it  was  not  carried 
too  far.  Allopathy  does  not  even  know  that  another  drug,  chamoinilla, 
given  in  globules,  will  cure  a  large  proportion  of  the  cross  tempers  of 
infants  and  little  children,  and  reduce  fractious  nurseries  to  order.  It 
stides  crying  with  .opium.  In  short,  it  has  neglected  specifics  alto- 
gether; has  made  no  studies  of  the  effects  produced  on  the  mind 
by  drugs ;  and  is  not  aware  that  those  medicines  that  engender,  in 
healthy  subjects,  certain  tempers,  moods,  and  states,  will  extinguish, 
in  Homoeopathic  doses,  those  very  tempers,  moods,  and  states  in  indi- 
viduals morbidly  suffering  from  them.  I  therefore  repedt  that>  as 
Health  Minister,  Homoeopathy  is  your  plan  and  your  system,  yoiir 

*  The  reader  will  do  well  to  keep  the  instance  of  vaccination  before  him,  as  of- 
fering perhaps  the  solitary  specimen  in  which  old  physic,  instructed  here  by  milk- 
maids and  the  common  people,  has  laid  firm  hold  of  a  HomcDopathic  practice  and 
law :  for  of  course  vaccination  cures  one  disease  by  infecting  the  system  with 
another  similar  disease.  What  is  the  consequence  of  this  certainty  depending  on 
a  general  principle  of  cure?  Why,  that  this  point  of  practice  comes  at  once  into 
relation  with  the  Government,  being  applicable,  by  the  simplest  means,  to  the 
masses,  and  to  nations.  And  mark  this,  wherever  a  specific  is  found  for  maladies 
which  are  common,  that  specific  must  ultimately  come  into  legislation,  ami  engen- 
der laws  to  insure  its  being  carried  out.  This  is  the  plain  and  pressing  interest  of 
every  state  upon  earth  ;  as  attested  in  vaccination,  which  is  the  germ  of  state  med- 
icine. Homoeopathy  has  numberless  such  simple  specifics,  and  it  is  easy  to  see 
that  it  knocks  at  the  door  of  Parliament  in  such  a  manner  as  must  insure  its  admis- 
sion among  our  statutes,  being  welcomed  there  by  the  already  existing  vaccination . 
laws.  Allopathy  raises  no  such  claim. 


68  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

sole  chance  for  healing  manifestoes,  and  that  at  this  present,  you 
have  no  other. 

120.  I  dare  say,  Sir  Benjamin,  I  shall  be  accused  by  the  doctors  of 
materialism  ;  though   indeed  I  am  no  materialist,  but  believe  in  the 
distinction  of  man  from  all  matter,  and  of  human  life  from  all  other 
life.     Yet  it  is  a  fact  that  drugs  do  affect  the  mind,  and  the  study  of 
their  effects  thereon  is  most  important  for  the  cure  of  mental  and 
bodily  diseases.     I  shall   also   be   told,  in   this   proposed   matter  of 
chastening  general  griefs,  that  sorrow  is  a  sharp  blessing  which  does 
the  soul  good.     But  sorrow  enough  will   be  left  for  that,  after  you 
have   done   your  best.     Moreover   this  is  parallel    to  the  surgeon's 
remark  in  The  Times,  that  the  horrid  smart  of  the  knife  is  a  proper 
stimulus  to  the  wounded  man.    I  should  have  thought  that  the  wound 
itself  might  have  sufficed  for  the  supply  of  this  quickener.     But  let 
me  not  waste  my  brief  hour  with  you  in  any  more  side  remarks  to 
the  boors  of  Fogydom. 

121.  Did  it  ever  occur  to  yon,  Sir  Benjamin,  that  the  principles  of 
science  have  done  great  things  for  us  in  this  particular  age  ?     That 
one  chief  difference  between  what  we  are,  and  what  we  were,  as  a 
material  estate,  lies  in  the  fact  that  certain  principles  have  been  dis- 
covered, and  applied  ?     It  is  true,  we  have  not  got  far  towards  the 
world's  core,  but  we  have  laid  hold  of  facts  which  themselves  stand 
as  principles  to  many  other  facts ;  and  thereby  we  have  attained  a 
wide  command  of  consequences.     Railroads,  telegraphs,  steamships, 
steam   printing,  and  a   hundred  other  new  things,  each    have  their 
germ  in  a  stroke  of  genius  at  some  more  central  power  than  had  be- 
fore been   handled,  and  which,  once  grasped,  became,  by  incessant 
experiment,  our  servant  thenceforth  for  innumerable  behests, — things 
which  before  we  did  not  venture  to  expect.     Each  of  these  things  has 
come  into  the  service  of  the  State,  with  a  readiness  exactly  in  pro- 
portion to  its  importance.     By  this  means  the  machinery  of  power  in 
the  hands  of  this  Government,  has  become  enormous :  heat,  electri- 
city, mechanical  leverage,  speed,  power  over  winds  and  waves,  are 
exercised  in  the  Cyclopean  under  world  of  the  State,  as  if  it  were  a 
little  viceroy  of  the  energies  of  the  earth.     And  while  individual  force 
is  at  the  highest,  the  sheer  force  of  the  country  overtops  all   private 
stature!*  of  power.     As  a  result,  look  at  the  transport  of  great  armies 
in  mighty  fleets;  at  the  steady  landing  of  the  myriads;  at  the  novel 
strength  of  every  man  from  the  knit  strength   of  the  whole;    and 
then  acknowledge  that  a  few  principal  facts,  laboriously  worked  out, 
have  altered  the   relation   between  our  race  and  the  planet.     Now 
where,  8ir  Benjamin,  is  the  corresponding  fact  in  physic?     Medicine 
is  to  this  Russian  war  just  where  it  was  to  the  last  great  war :  with 
the  .single  exception  of  disputed  chloroform,  there  is  no  general  dif- 
ference.    Jt  is  not  an  inch  nearer  to  the  Bureaus  of  Government :  it 
has  gained  no  principal  facts  that  it  can  impart  to  the  state  :  it  has 
no  simplified  modes  of  treatment  communicable  in  a  few  words  from 
the  heads  of  departments  to  their  subordinates  :  it  saves  no  greater 
numbers  than  formerly  from  epidemic  visitations;  it  has  achieved  no 
rule  of  treatment  and  no  unity  of  opinion  among  its  own  professors: 
in  one  word,  it  offers  no  mechanism  of  State  Healing  to  the  com- 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  61) 

monwealth.  What  a  disgraceful  antithesis  it  is  to  the  progress  of 
the  world !  A  profession  which,  from  lack  of  healing  facts,  is  a  rope 
of  sand  in  this  most  strong-linked  age  of  time  and  empire  of  nature. 
You  may  gather  together  two  hundred  and  fifty  doctors  in  the 
Crimea,  but  with  every  good  will  but  one  on  their  brave  part,  they  are 
two  hundred  and  fifty  little  pebbles,  which  have  no  cohesion.  For 
the  proverb  increases  in  point  —  doctors  differ.  How  is  it  possible 
such  a  concourse  of  atoms  can  have  any  affinity  with  the  State  ? 
You  might  as  well  now  expect  a  queen's  message  to  travel  by  the 
old  coach  down  to  Edinburgh.  They  are  all  private  incommuni- 
cating  gentlemen  together,  Sir  Benjamin,  and  can  have  nothing  to 
do  with  your  Ministry  of  Health.  That  wants  new  principles,  unity, 
cooperation,  association ;  such  as  landed  us  in  the  Crimea,  and  such 
as,  medically  applied,  \vill  put  us  on  the  shores  of  a  desired  and 
promised  land  of  healthful  power. 

122,  Now  Homoeopathy  is  exactly  such  a  State  Mechanism  as  old 
physic  is  not     It  is  general  and  simple  to  a  Health  Minister's  hand. 
He,  charged  by  his  faithful  Homoeopathic  Council,  can  prescribe  in 
a  few  words,  for  whole  classes  of  his  subjects.     It  has  one  principle 
on  which  all   its   professors  are  agreed,  similia  similibus  curantury 
one  fire  puts  out  another's  burning.     By  this  it  commands  the  field 
of  pathology,  and    makes   ever   new  conquests  ;    the   irremediable 
disease  of  to-day  is  curable  to-morrow,  because  a  drug  producing  a 
like  disease  has  just  been  found  and  proved.     It  is  especially  appli- 
cable to  epidemics,  in  which  I  include  for  the  nonce  the  casualties 
of  battle,  general  rribrbid  states  of  the  national  mind,  ordinary  pesti- 
lences, and  the  like :  (looked  at  from  your  elevation  of  statistics,  it  is 
hard  to  say  what  is  not  epidemic:)  and  it  is  so  applicable  for  a  good 
reason,  viz.,  that  it  has  a  general  principle  of  cure.     It  preserves,  and 
not  even  temporarily  injures,  during  its  administration,  the  efficiency 
of  its  patients.     It  is  rapid  beyond  all  former  precedent  in  tackling 
acute  diseases,  and  landing  them  in  speedy  convalescence.     It  is  be- 
loved in  the  nursery  and  the  lying-in  chamber,  because  it  is  so  gentle 
and  so  strong.     It  is  dear  to  the  soldier,  for  it  kneels  down  and  serves 
him  the  moment  he  falls  on  the  field  of  battle.     It  touches  mind 
equally  with  body,  and  is  able  to  give  a  nation  that  confidence  of 
having  a  real  elixir  in   its  wallet,  that  is  itself  a  tower  of  strength 
against  disease.     It  dispenses  light  to  the  populations,  because  it  has 
liberal  light  in  itself.     It  inspires  its  professors  also  with  a  faith  and 
hope  that  are  the  very  pulses  in  the  arm  of  skill :  and  with  a  delight 
in  healing,  that  puts  off  the  doctor's  fatigue  to  the  late  hours  of  his 
day.     Sir  Benjamin,  it  is  just  the  thing  for  you,  and  most  willing  to 
be  yours  for  the  service  of  the  British  people.     You  will  find  that  it  is 
"  Hail  fellow,  well  met "  with  steam  and  progress,  light  and  electri- 
city, and  with  all  the  new  loves  and  charities  of  man,  and  all  his 
strengths,  all  over  the  world. 

123.  I  have  hitherto  tried  to  give  you  a  little  opening  of  the  new 
duties  which  will  amount  to  the  constitution  of  the  Board  of  Healing, 
and  which  will  be  altogether  different  from  those  of  the  present  Board 
of  Cleanliness,  which  will  be  next  to  Godliness,  when  it  is  associated 
with  your  own  distinctive  or  Homoeopathic  Ministry.     At  present 


70  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

however,  your  Board  of  Cleanliness  is  in  a  totally  false  position,  co- 
operating with  Allopathy,  which  dirties  as  fast  as  yon  clean.  You 
and  it  are  like  a  bad  housemaid,  which  first  scrubs  and  then  litters; 
then  scrubs  and  litters  again.  Carry  your  sewerage  pipes  a  little 
higher  and  finer;  insert  one  of  them  by  an  hourglass  hole  into  the 
bottom  of  the  calomel  bin,  and  carry  another  into  the  lowest  level  of 
the  castor  oil  tank  ;  and  then  you  will  drain  away  the  sources  of 
many  a  national  and  individual  malady.  You  will  also  then  be  at 
one  with  yourself,  which  is  the  source  and  beginning  of  all  action. 
When  your  ministry  is  once  well  afoot,  there  is  nothing  to  which  I 
can  liken  its  functions,  but  to  a  certain  tree  promised  some  day  to 
be  planted  in  a  cleared  and  renewed  earth,  and  in  a  city  which  comes 
from  above  downwards  :  a  tree  "which  bears  twelve  manner  of  fruits, 
and  yields  its  fruit  every  month,  and  the  leaves  of  that  tree  arc  for  the 
healing  of  the  nations."  For  every  month  yon  will  put,  forth  leaves 
of  cure.  The  heat  of  summer  and  the  ice  of  winter,  the  malignant 
oast  wind,  the  equinoctial  perturbations,  the  damps  and  fogs  of  all 
English  seasons,  are  a  set  of  general  causes  with  which  you  will  do 
current  battle  :  and  each  as  it  comes  will  have  your  comment,  and 
the  instructions  of  your  ministry  how  to  meet.  it.  The  herbs  are 
growing,  Sir  Benjamin,  and  gathered  too,  which  will  clothe  oar 
human  nakedness  with  immunity  as  it  passes  through  these  destruc- 
tions of  the  year,  and  give  it  that  which  is  truly  human,  fixity  of 
principles,  and  self-maintenance  in  the  midst  of  the  fluxes  of  nature. 
You  have  only  to  take  these  herbs  out  of  the  open  hand  of  Homoeop- 
athy !  Besides  these  causes  also,  you  will  attend  somewhat  carefully 
to  the  general  seasons  of  man's  life ;  for  these  too  are  fully  perturbed. 
From  teething  to  toothlessness,  there  are  many  general  maladies  which 
you  will  treat  on  your  great  scale.  First  comes  the  infant,  mewling, 
for  which  you  will  teach  mothers  to  give  homoeopathic  chamomilla, 
and  pewking,  for  which  they  will  give  similar  ipecacuanha,  in  the 
nurse's  arms.  Then  comes  the  cutting  of  teeth,  for  the  pains  of 
•which  enlargement  of  powers,  they  will  give  again  chamomilla,  and 
in  hot  heads,  belladonna ;  saving  convulsions  oftentimes,  Sir  Benja- 
min, and  piloting  the  small  skiff  through  quiet  tarns.  Next  the  in- 
fantine diseases;  aconite  and  pulsalilla  for  simple  measles;  nitx 
vomica,  ipecacuanha  and  drosera  for  whooping  cough;  and  belladonna, 
and  mercuriiis  for  domestic  scarlet  fever.  You  will  sympathi/e  es- 
pecially with  growing  pains ;  for  you  know  how  bad  they  are  to  bear: 
it  has  cost  your  own  bones  a  heavy  ache  to  get  them  out  of  the  allo- 
pathic dwarfing:  you  know  how  hard  it  has  been  for  yon  to  grow 
from  the  infinitesimal  good  of  the  old  school  to  the  gross  benefactions 
of  the  new :  you  will  therefore  publish  from  your  high  seat,  that  the 
young  who  are  expanding  with  pain  and  weakness,  shall  have  two 
globules  of  calcarea  30,  twice  a  week  ;  and  if  in  a  month  they  groan 
still,  a  globule  of  phosphoric  acid  12,  every  morning.  Next  you  will 
have  regiments  of  young  damsels  under  your  eye  at  the  age  of  sweet 
sixteen,  and  for  these  you  will  order  pvlmlilla,  and  if  the  roses  of  their 
cheeks  are  long  in  coming,  occasional  suljthur.  At  21,  wherever  love 
has  not  been  happy,  you  will  not  forget  ignatia.  Later  on,  at  and 
about  the  ripe  Indian  summer  of  woman's  40,  and  a  little  after,  your 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AXD    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  71 

general  recommendation  to  that  fine  age  in  your  subjects,  will  be 
sulphur  and  lachesis.  Recollect  also  that  you  bear  "  twelve  manner 
of  fruits"  —  most  divers  attentions  to  the  people.  And  in  the  course 
of  your  pilgrimage  among  their  ages,  you  will  now  meet  with  many 
middle-aged  gentlemen,  otherwise  strong,  who  are  in  a  sad  state  of 
confusion,  obstruction,  and  if  I  may  so  speak,  constipation.  They 
are  melancholy  victims  of  your  former  no-doings  :  specimens  of  what 
Allopathy  runs  into  when  it  tries  to  be  generous,  and  to  constitute 
domestic  medicine,  for  its  tender  mercies  are  cruel:  in  short,  slaves 
to  the  pill  box.  Take  all  these  under  your  wing  at  once  :  tell  them 
that  this  constipation  from  which  they  are  breathless  with  running, 
is  an  allopathic  bugaboo,  a  turnip  with  a  red  lamp  in  it.  They  will 
do  you  credit.  Tell  them  to  burn  carefully  all  their  pill  boxes,  and 
to  lend  you  their  health  for  three  or  four  months :  also  tell  them  to 
mix  three  globules  of  mix  romica  12,  in  a  wine  glass  of  water,  and  to 
take  it  night  and  morning  for  a  fortnight.  If  they  are  not  cured,  let 
them  do  the  like  with  sulphur  12 :  and  so  on  alternately  for  the  three 
or  four  months.  At  the  end  of  that  time,  you  will  have  a  very  small 
percentage  of  them  on  the  list ;  and  these  will  come  under  medical 
treatment.  Now  why  should  you  not  put  that  much,  for  these  peo- 
ple, occasionally  in  the  papers,  advertising  the  benignity  of  your 
office  ?  The  Morrisons  and  Culvenvells  put  their  pills  there  for  gain; 
and  why  not  you,  your  healers,  when  you  have  nothing  to  get  by  it 
but  the  health  and  blessings  of  your  British  flock.  The  Ministry  of 
Health  might  present  it  compliments  in  that  shape,  without  any 
degradation  to  that  general  mass  of  sufferers.  You  already  approve 
of  a  greater  interference  than  this  in  what  you  call  emergencies,  when 
you  order  "  house-to-house  visitation :  "  all  general  forms  of  sickness 
are  an  emergency  to  the  sufferers,  and  it  is  therefore  both  your  right 
and  your  duty  to  hunt  them  out  and  pursue  them,  till  you  convert 
them  into  wholeness. 

124.  In  the  course  of  your  practice,  Sir  Benjamin,  for  you  will  have 
such  a  blessed  practice  as  no  physician  on  earth  has  even  desired,  one 
mariner  of  your  fruits  will  be  especially  administered  for  the  eradica- 
tion of  hereditary  tendencies  and  diseases.  With  the  most  delicate 
pipework  of  the  science  of  your  Board,  you  will  proceed  to  drain 
those  old  swamps  and  miasms  that  undermine  the  populations  of 
your  country.  Rickets  and  scrofula  will  come  under  your  decisive 
engineering.  What  "  the  criminal  classes  "  are  to  the  moral  state, 
that  these  born  infants  of  disease  are  to  the  physical  humanity;  and 
you  will  be  the  Lord  Shaftesbury  of  a  new  realm  of  the  children  of 
pain.  The  rags  of  their  poor  flesh  and  bones  will  be  the  hospital  card 
of  their  admission  to  your  bounty;  and  before  they  are  thought  of  by 
their  future  parents,  they  will  be  precisely  cared  for  in  the  foundations 
of  your  paternal  institution.  Those  great  human  morasses  termed 
workhouses,  will  begin  to  be  won  into  cultivation  and  sanitary  pro- 
priety by  your  efforts  here.  You  will  tell  these  people  that  the  nature 
of  things  is  not  all  against  them  ;  that  there  are  true  substances  on 
their  side ;  and  you  will  order  them  for  their  young  rickets,  two 
globules  of  calcarea  carbonica  30,  in  fourteen  teaspoonfuls  of  water, 
a  teaspoonful  to  be  given  every  morning.  This  they  will  continue 


72  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

for  weeks,  or  months,  according  to  benefit:  and  afterwards  they  will 
do  the  same  with  su/p/t/tr  30,  given  in  the  same  way;  returning  upon 
the  calcarea  every  now  and  then  for  another  month.  You  will  also 
order  cod-liver  oil  in  half  teaspoonful  to  the  infants,  once  or  twice  a 
day.  You  will  make  many  bandy  legs  straight,  Sir  Benjamin,  many 
too  large  heads  and  stomachs  healthily  cornpassable,  by  these  in- 
credibly simple  means :  you  will  save  many  a  crooked  back :  and  in 
after  life  many  a  case  of  consumption.  Your  success  here  will 
greatly  increase  your  practice,  for  by  very  deeds  you  will  have  got 
into  the  hearts  of  the  poor.  You  will  also  have  disembarrassed  the 
doctors  of  a  new  set  of  domestic  cases  ;  and  given  them  time  for 
their  own  real  part :  a  vast  advantage  for  medicine  proper,  as  I  can 
tell  you. 

125.  Nor  will  the  world  of  your  country's  industry  be  omitted  from 
the  care  of  your  humane  Bishopric  of  Bodies.     You  know  that  in 
the   exercise  of  daily  callings  various  injuries  are  apt  to  occur,  by 
fixed  laws,  on  account  of  a  certain  incompatibility  existing  in  nearly 
every  mode   of  life  with   the  natural  requirements  of  health.     One 
reason  of  this  is,  that  the  great  esprit  de  corps,  the  fire  of  industry 
and  commonwealth  love,  is  not  sufficiently  white  within  us,  to  spread 
over  us  the  full  shield  of  its  own  immortalities  and  immunities ; 
in  consequence  of  which,  our  circumstances  attack  and  bite  us  more 
than  they  ought.     Large  classes  are   too  sedentary,  and  work  their 
heads  more  in  proportion  than  their  bodies;  digestion,  which  equil- 
ibrates the  body  with  the  head,  suffers  grievously  therefor.     Many 
also  work  in  smoke  and  dust  of  various  kinds,  and  the  organs  of 
breath  labor  and  are  in  danger.     Many  too,  crowd  their  minds  of  a 
day  with  the  cares  of  fifty  years  ahead,  spend  and  invade  their  night's 
sleep,  and  become  bent  and  aged   in  their  courage  and  their  nerves. 
In  short,  you  know  well  the  story  of  the  occupations  of  the  people 
as  affecting  the  national  health.     Now  for  these  general  causes  you 
will    hold   medical  councils,  and   as  your  light  comes,  issue  general 
prescriptions.      Imagine  the  happiness  resulting  from  your  triumphs 
here  !      Your  antechamber,  without  a  sycophant   near  it,  receiving 
occasional  deputations  of  the  trades  which  have  made  Britain  what 
she  is  :  the  ninefold  Industries  of  this  great  people,  the  Anglo-Saxon 
Muses,  come   up   to   London    to    give    a   specimen  of  their   strong 
quality  of  hearty  thanks  under  the  window  of  the  Health   Minister. 
Sheffield  and  Manchester,  and  the  Coal  Men  of  the  Tyne  and  Wear, 
and  a  hundred  busy  swarms  besides,  each  grateful  for  longer  averages 
of  life,  and   harder   powers  of  working  !     I  scarcely  think  that  the 
applause  of  the  Houses  of  Parliament  to  a  victorious  general  can  be 
comparable  in  its  reception  to  the  flush  of  heart  which  will  be  yours, 
when  you  thus  receive  from  the  vigorous  Artisanship  of  the  people, 
the   testimony  of  gratitude   for  that   expanded    health   which  your 
adoption  of  the  homeopathic  power  and  light  has  enabled  you  to 
confer  upon  the  industrial  populations  of  your  country. 

126.  Doubtless,  Sir  Benjamin,  you  have  noticed  one  odd  novelty 
in   my  address  to  you:  the   intermixture  of  seemingly  great  things 
with  seemingly  small :  things  that  touch  the  heart  and  soul  in  the 
one  breath,  and  pilules  and  globules  in  the  next.     That  mixture  is  a 


WAR.    CHOLKRA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  73 

doctor's  life.  He  stands  in  the  midst  of  all  pains  and  all  apprehen- 
sions, and  the  agonies  of  disease,  and  the  solicitude  of  friends,  cannot 
long  keep  his  unswerving  eye  from  his  little  bottles.  The  Prince  of 
Healing,  whose  minister  you  are,  hears  the  blind  man's  prayer :  "  Lord  ! 
that  I  might  receive  my  sight.:"  He  stoops  down  to  the  ground,  and 
makes  clay  of  spittle,  and  "  purges  the  visual  ray."  We  too  must 
stoop  down  to  that  same  ground,  for  it.  is  the  great  Pharmacopoeia. 
This  profession  upon  which  you  are  embarked,  is  the  meeting-place 
of  the  health  of  the  body  and  the  soul,  "  ubi  mystici  aguntur  convent  us, 
et  sacra  junguntur  fa'dera"  And  stooping  and  rising,  stooping  and 
rising,  are  the,  native  undulations  of  the  medical  art.  Therefore  in 
my  singularities  of  style  to  you,  I  have  not  been  untrue  to  man's  hill 
and  vale,  to  the  sublimity  and  lowliness  of  my  subject. 

127.  I  have  indeed  tried  to  batter  down  much,  and  if  I  am  not  mis- 
taken, I  have  made  some  of  the  main  square  blocks  in  the  old  forts 
of  Allopathy  chatter  in  their  places,  so  that  they  will  come  down  at 
leisure,  with  I  hope  as  few  doctors  injured  by  their  fall  as  possible. 
Yet  my  course  is  by  no  means  destructive,  for  I  have  not  only  pro- 
posed something  better  and   happier  for  physic  itself  than   the  old 
walled  towns  by  which  it  now  menaces  Society,  but  I  have  also  shown 
you  in  solid  vision,  models  of  a  new  ministerial  palace  for  you  and  a 
true  Board  of  Health,  brighter  and   ampler,  more  useful  and   more 
commanding,  than  was  ever  yet  inhabited  by  a  British    minister.     If 
you  would  only  take  possession,  amid  the  acclamations  of  the  nation, 
the  trumpet  applause  of  both  services,  and  the  far-heard  hymning  of 
our  patron,  St.  George,  and  the  sanitary  angels !     You  will  also  per- 
ceive that  I  am  not  cap  in   hand  in  your  antechamber,  and  want  no 
place  in  your  councils.     I   prefer  my  freedom  of  voice,  as  useful  to 
me  beyond  even   the  livery  of  her  Most  Gracious  Majesty;  and  I 
reserve  it  untrammelled  for  the  next,  and  if  need  be,  for  many  future 
occasions.    For  though  I  abhor  scribbling,  and  sorrow  for  having  done 
so  much  of  it,  yet  this  crisis  is  a  different  matter;  and  because  the 
Mural  Crown  is  the  badge  of  my  race,  and  healing  is  my  business,  I 
will  never  be  silent  when  I  see  the  great  interests  of  the  country  tram- 
pled under  foot  by  the  hard  neglect  of  those  who  should  know  better. 
Sir  Benjamin,  I  pledge  myself  not  to  rest  until  the  snowy  standard  of 
Homoeopathy  waves  over  the  Ministry  of  Health,  over  the  Army  and 
Navy,  over  Printing  House  Square,  and  until  its  telegraphic  signals 
from  the  head  quarters  of  your  New  Palace  pass  far  and  wide,  with 
healing  on  their  wings,  to  every  the  remotest  corner  of  my  beloved 
country. 

128.  Having  said  thus  much,  Sir  Benjamin,  and  I  have  a  right  to 
say  it,  for  you  are  my  member  as  well  as  health  minister,  I  will  now 
proceed  to  the  constitution  of  the  Board  of  Health,  which  is  the  first 
matter  for  you  now  to  think  of.     We  have  already  settled  by  facts 
beyond  cavil,  that  your  adoption  of  Homoeopathy  is  your  only  chance 
of  having  an  active  system  of  State  Medicine,  and  therefore  of  course 
you  do  adopt  it.    The  next  point  is,  how  to  administer  it ;  and  plainly 
this  can  only  be  done  by  a  council  of  Homoeopaths.     Old  physic  will 
clearly  decline  all  appointments  made  in  this  sense,  and  decline  them 
ungrudgingly;  because  you  are  not  interfering  with  any  thing  it  ever 

10 


74  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AN7D    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

intended  to  do,  or  dreamed  of  as  possible,  but  about  to  perform  func- 
tions quite  new  and  to  it  most  foreign.  It  will  then  jog  on  its  own 
\vny.  Let  the  appointments  therefore  be  made,  and  seat  around  the 
green  baixe  table  such  of  the  chiefs  of  the  homu-opathic  power  in 
London  as  will  heartily  cooperate  with  your  intentions.  I  should 
like  to  see  Dr.  Laurie  there,  because  he  has  done  more  than  any  one 
else  perhaps  in  the  world,  to  carry  Homoeopathy  to  mothers  and  into 
private  families,  and  to  build  up  the  dornestie  part,  of  it.  For  the 
rest,  there  are  many  men  of  great  ability  who  will  be  able  to  serve 
you.  I  confess  it  would  also  please  me  to  have  Mr.  Brady  on  the 
board,  because  I  yet  hope  that  he  will  be  the  Luther  of  Homoeopathy 
in  the  House  of  Commons.  Allopaths  are,  of  course,  inadmissible, 
just  as  single  Homoeopaths  would  be  in  a  false  position  in  the  present 
Board  of  Cleanliness.  You  must  make  a  clean  sweep,  and  not  try 
the  dangerous  experiment  of  putting  our  new  wine  of  life  into  the  old 
chemists'  bottles.  If  I  might  make  another  suggestion,  I  would 
advise  you,  even  on  the  Medical  Board,  to  have  at  least  three  intel- 
ligent homoeopathic  laymen.  Because,  as  you  are  going  to  write 
directions  and  prescriptions  for  the  whole  laity  of  the  kingdom,  these 
gentlemen  will  be  able  to  tell  you  at  once  whether  your  instructions 
are  clear  and  intelligible  to  them,  and  presumably  therefore  to  the 
rest.  And  as  they  will  be  family  men,  they  will  represent  in  that  im- 
portant council,  the  domestic  medical  wants  of  the  people.* 

1:29.  I  have  called  you  Emperor  of  the  Bills  of  Mortality,  but  in 
your  new  robes  of  healing,  you  will  soon  cease  to  deserve  that  title. 
In  the  course  of  a  few  years  the  rates  of  death  weekly,  will  be  so  sen- 
sibly diminished,  partly  from  the  active  power  of  your  means  of  cure, 
and  partly  that  drugging,  bleeding,  blistering,  and  calornelizing  will 
have  passed  away  forever,  that  old  age  will  come  to  be  connected 
with  death  once  more,  the  doctors  will  escape  finally  from  Moliere 
and  the  comedians,  and  the  decease  of  mankind  will  be  due  to  Nature 
and  to  Providence,  whose  benignity  alone  can  sustain  the  credit  of 
it  In  the  mean  time,  as  life  will  be  longer,  the  state  will  be  stronger, 
and  new  colonies  to  lisp  your  name  and  imitate  your  institutions  will 
proceed  out  of  the  loins  of  your  Hygeia  of  Westminster.  Sir  Benja- 
min Hall's  save-all — Homoeopathy,  will  make  a  present  to  the  Brit- 
ish empire  of  the  population  of  a  large  capital  city  every  year.  Your 
functions  will  thus  come  to  be  associated  exclusively  in  men's  minds 
with  the  constant  topping  of  births  over  deaths,  in  short  with  life  and 
the  living;  and  your  Bills  shall  then  change  their  name,  and  shall  be 
called  the  Bills  of  Nativity. 

130.  Besides  all  my  other  reasons,  Sir  Benjamin,  I  see  ground  for 
knowing  that  these  great  changes  are  imminent,  not  only  in  the  pres- 
ent crisis  of  war  and  cholera  (which  indeed  proclaim  a  summa  dies  et 

*  One  obvious  part  of  medical  reform  embraces  the  reconstruction  of  the  office 
of  Coroner,  which  can  only  be  tilled  properly  by  a  Honni'opath,  cither  lay  or  med- 
ical. For  it  is  clear  that  Old  Physic  is  so  bad  a  judge  of  what  is  Violent  Death, 
that  it  is  incapacitated  for  an  office  in  which  that  is  the  main  question.  For 
the  same  reason,  no  inquest  ought  to  be  considered  as  valid  or  transacted  without 
having  had  the  benefit  of  the  testimony  of  one  or  more  homoeopathic  physicians  or 
surgeons. 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  75 

ineluctabile  tempus  for  old  physic),  but  also  in  what  I  would  term  a 
chronic  crisis,  which  has  been  gradually  revealing  itself  to  all  thinking 
mortals.  So  much  is  expected  from  every  man  now,  so  much  work, 
and  so  much  facing  of  his  subject,  so  much  turning  over  of  the  golden 
minutes,  that  he  has  not  time  for  the  indulgences  and  the  neglects 
of  former  days.  We  cannot  afford  to  sit  at  our  dinner  tables,  tippling 
port  wine  by  the  hour  together,  when  we  have  head  work  to  do  this 
evening,  and  busy  to-morrow  in  prospect.  Neither  have  we  leisure 
for  the  calomel,  salts  and  senna  of  our  ancestors.  Function  is  alto- 
gether too  rapid  for  such  rust  as  this  to  come  into  it.  None  but  gen- 
tlemen of  fortune  and  consummate  indolence  have  a  right  to  these 
fads.  There  is  an  anecdote  which  I  have  always  found  very  pro- 
phetic on  this  score;  of  Earl  Howe,  I  think;  who  feeling  himself  one 
day  indisposed  in  his  cabin,  and  living  before  the  days  of  Hahnemann, 
incontinently  took  a  black  draught.  He  gave  himself  up  to  be  useless 
for  the  next  three  days.  Suddenly  a  strange  sail,  perhaps  many 
strange  sails,  hove  in  sight,  and  rapidly  came  nearer.  He  was  sum- 
moned on  deck,  saw  likelihood  of  work,  ran  straight  to  the  side  of  the 
ship,  exclaimed,  "  By  God,  this'll  never  do,"  put  his  finger  down  his 
throat,  and  shot  the  black  draught  into  the  sea.  This  admiral  is  here 
a  mythos  of  Britain  and  Allopathy.  And  looking  from  the  hint  of 
him,  I  have  known,  that  as  the  country  gets  busier  and  busier,  it  will 
spew  that  whole  system  out  of  its  mouth.*  That  time  has  come;  the 
industrial  iron  is  hot;  our  duties  increase  with  every  morning  that  we 
rise  from  our  bedsj  the  enemy  of  inaction  is  in  sight;  and  Neptune 
is  waiting  over  The  Britannia's  bulwarks  for  Old  Physic. 

131.  Your  statistical  tables  of  mortality  under  the  new  Board,  in- 
stead of  being  dry  diagrams,  upon  which  the  barrenness  of  medical 
art  is  exhibited  every  week,  will  come  to  throb  with  scientific  and 
humanitary  interest ;  and  year  after  year  the  comparison  between 
them  will  be  most  precisely  instructive.  You  will  find  some  large 
items  of  death  almost  struck  out  of  your  list  by  Homoeopathy;  pneu- 
monia and  fever,  whooping  cough,  measles  and  scarlatina,  will  cease 
to  occupy  their  present  gross  places,  and  your  relations  of  numbers 
will  be  altogether  changed.  You  will  know  the  tools  that  have  worked 
this  clearance,  and  will  then  proceed,  by  all  public  invitation  and 
encouragement,  to  seek  for  specifics  for  the  more  intractable  parts  of 
your  statistics  ;  to  dig  out  the  old  malignant  stumps  of  disease.  Ho- 
moeopathy will  date  much  of  its  own  progress  from  your  exact  regis- 
trations and  crying  requirements.  It  is  true,  no  government  can 
create  a  Hahnemann,  no  premium  evoke  or  encourage  him,  and  no 
applause  from  senates  or  sovereigns  make  him  work  one  jot  harder 
than  he  does  for  the  good  of  his  kind.  But  then,  though  seeds  and 

*  This  morning  I  had  a  confirmation  of  the  truth  of  this  as  applicable  especially 
to  the  industrious  artisan.  A  good  woman  consulted  me  for  her  husband,  who  has 
a  bad  cough.  Two  days  ago  he  went  to  "  the  club  doctor/'  who  prescribed  him  an 
ounce  of  salts.  l-  This'll  never  do,"  was  his  wife's  thought,  so  she  came  to  me.  told 
her  story,  and  wound  it  up  by  saying  (the  Italics  are  her  own),  "  The  idea  of  giving 
a  working  man  an  ounce  of  salts."  This  matter  of  Allopathy,  by  the  by,  is  a  vital 
thing  as  connected  with  finance  for  Benefit  Clubs  :  they  will  improve  their  in- 
comes, and  increase  their  stability,  vastly,  by  calling  in  the  homoeopaths. 


76  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    TIIR    MINISTRY    OF    IIKALTH. 

geniuses  roiiio  from  God,  cultivation,  which  also  comes  from  Him, 
inakos  their  generations  proceed,  and  ihoir  works  universal.  And 
your  Ministry  of  Health  will  have  vast  opportunities  of  expanding 
and  enlarging  iho  Homoeopathic  Powers.  On  questions  of  medicines 
you  will  avoid  one  fault,  which,  like  the1  wolves  of  hunger  and  pov- 
erty, ha<  ruthlessly  pursued  old  physic:  you  will  listen  to  the  voice  of 
simple  populations  of  remote  places  and  rural  districts,  when  they 
tell  you  of  their  herbs  and  their  >imples,  and  of  the  cures  which  their 
"irregular"  good  old  Women  and  good  old  men  have  performed  in 
their  houses.  \}y  this  means,  like  (Slant  Antsrus,  you  will  get  a  shoot 
out  of  nature's  veins  of  strength,  by  touching  the  medical  earth  again: 
Hygeia  will  bloom  in  cheek  and  fire  in  eye  by  sometimes  breathing 
her  native  country  air  among  the  rustics  and  village  maidens;  for 
you  will  then  find  out,  that  medicine  has  her  birthplace  in  these  unso- 
phisticated abodes;  and  that  the  best  things  in  the  proud  Pharma- 
copoeia are  nothing  but  the  tangled  and  matted  tops,  of  which  herbs 
and  simples  are  the  root.  Think  what  a  dominion  of  inquiry  is  here, 
for  a  Health  Ministry  and  a  British  Government,  which  has  lands  and 
gardens  and  ancient  populations  under  its  sway  in  every  climate  of 
the  globe.  I  have  often  heard  it  regretted  by  intelligent  officers  in 
our  Indian  army,  that  the  medical  corps  in  Hindostan  will  obstinately 
know  nothing  of  the  plants  and  simples  made  use  of  by  the  native 
doctors  and  simplers,  for  no  one  who  is  not  M.  D.,  or  M.  R.  C.  S.  E., 
has  a  medical  existence  in  their  eyes.  But  following  Bacon,  you  will 
take  stock  of  all  this  unlearned  knowledge,  which  ever  has  been  the 
valuable  raw  material,  out  of  which  science  and  cures  are  made.  You 
need  only  set  this  on  foot,  Sir  Benjamin,  by  a  hint  to  the  lay  mem- 
bers of  the  British  army,  and  an  invitation  to  British  subjects  in  all 
parts  of  the  world  ;  and  within  a  year  or  two  you  shall  enter  a  new 
world  of  medicinal  substances,  shall  extend  the  laboratory  of  every 
vegetable  chemist  at  home,  and  shall  lay  a  basis  for  new  physic, 
which,  both  in  solidity  and  amplitude,  will  far  surpass  that  of  Dios- 
corides.  You  will  then  be  on  a  level  with  the  age,  on  other  great 
branches  recently  constituted,  and  the  beautiful  lineaments  and  land- 
scapes of  physical  geography  will  have  their  humane  double,  in  that 
which  especially  pertains  in  a  medical  sense,  to  this  swelling  Anglo- 
Saxon  life,  Oceanic*  or  Geographical  Physic. 

132.  You  will  also  see  now,  Sir  Benjamin,  that  there  is  such  a 
thing  as  State  Medicine,  and  that  it  is  a  most  active  industrial  sum- 
mit of  the  healing  art,  which  receives  from  the  art  and  science  of 
Homoeopathy  its  specific  powers,  and  gives  them,  according  to  the 
importance  of  the  case  to  the  nation,  either  the  stringency  of  legisla- 
tive acts,  or  else  the  high  patronage  and  recommendations  of  the 
Health  Ministry.  Vaccination  for  small  pox,  and  lemon  juice  for 

*  I  borrow  this  word  "oceanic"  as  a  formula  from  one  erf  the  most  remarkable 
books  of  our  time",  Smith's  Divine  Drama  of  History  and  Civilization.  To  Britain, 
according  to  this  book,  belongs  the  inauguration  of  a  new  providential  epoch, 
which  is  no  longer  Judean,  Greek,  Roman,  or  French  —  no  longer  national  and 
mediterranean,  but  planetary,  universal,  or,  as  he  beautifully  calls  it,  oceanic.  If 
this  mission  be  ours  in  other  things,  is  it  not  also  our  part  to  constitute  the  begin- 
ning of  integral  or  oceanic  physic? 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  77 

scurvy,  are  the  types  of  its  twin  departments.  You  can  hardly  fail  to 
have  put  together  in  your  mind,  some  of  the  timbers  and  rafters  of 
this  great  institution.  State  Medicine  hitherto  has  been  confounded 
with  Police  Medicine,  or  Medical  Jurisprudence  ;  but,  that  is  another 
as  big  mistake  as  confusing  the  Board  of  Health  with  the  Board  of 
Cleanliness.  State  Medicine  heals  the  masses,  as  such  :  it  can  have 
no  other  meaning.  It  helps  virtue,  skill,  industry,  economy,  strength. 
Police  Medicine  hounds  murderers  and  ferrets  poisoners,  where  ordi- 
nary evidence  fails  to  net  or  to  track  them.  It  assists  the  lawyers 
and  Jack  Ketch.  There  is  as  great  a  difference  between  the  two,  as 
between  the  Old  Bailey  and  a  royal  palace  ;  or  as  between  old  physic 
and  Homoeopathy. 

133.  There  is  an  ancient  story,  Sir  Benjamin,  which  I  never  think 
of  without  Homoeopathy  rushing  into  my  head  at  the  same  time.  It 
is  from  the  Scandinavian  mythology,  and  tells  us  of  the  build  and 
convenience,  and  of  the  qualities,  of  the  ship  of  the  gods.  That  ship 
is  called  Skidbladnir,  Sky-leaf  or  blade,  or  perhaps  Sheath-leaf;  it 
was  made  by  certain  dwarfs,  and  was  by  them  given  to  the  god  Frey, 
the  god  of  seed  and  abundance.  It  was  made  of  so  many  pieces, 
and  with  so  much  art,  that  when  it  was  not  wanted  for  sailing,  it 
would  fold  up  together  like  a  kerchief,  and  Frey  could  put  it  in  his 
pocket.  When  it  was  wanted  by  the  gods,  he  took  it  out  of  his 
pocket,  and  carefully  unfolded  it,  putting  first  one  foot  into  it ;  pliant 
then,  he  could  put  his  second  foot  in;  and  when  his  feet  were  in,  he 
could  get  into  it  himself.  No  sooner  was  one  man  in  it,  than  two 
could  get  in  ;  and  when  two  were  in,  three  and  four;  and  so  on  more 
and  more,  until  the  entire  array  of  Valhalla,  god  and  heroes,  could 
swarm  over  and  into  its  space-respiring  sides.  When  the  full-armed 
host  was  on  board,  as  soon  as  the  sails  were  hoisted,  the  ship  had  fair 
wind,  and  went  whithersoever  it  was  steered.  When  done  with  for  that 
time,  it  went  in  by  like  stages  exactly  as  its  crew  of  gods  left  it ;  and 
by  the  time  they  were  all  on  shore  again,  Frey  had  it  between  thumb 
and  finger,  retired  into  a  mere  purse  of  a  ship,  and  replaced  it  quietly 
in  his  pocket.  That  ship  is  the  first  way  of  telling  us  of  Homoeop- 
athy, and  you  are  to  be  the  god  Frey,  the  happy  possessor  of  it. 
The  freightage  which  it  carries  is  the  basis  of  the  godlike  in  man, 
the  health  of  the  human  family.  It  is  made  by  the  dwarfs,  for  these 
are  the  secret  principles  of  science,  working  away  in  the  smithies  of 
the  under  world,  but  privileged  at  length  to  present  their  completed  in- 
dustry to  the  fruitful  daylight  powers.  It  lies  at  first  like  a  pinch  be- 
tween the  apprehensive  fingers,  for  it  has  a  principle,  similia  similibus 
curantur,  so  curt  as  to  occupy  but  a  single  cell  in  our  intelligence  ; 
but  the  principle  is  a  practice  also,  and  no  sooner  is  it  wanted,  than 
it  opens  like  a  huge  airy  fanship,  and  most  unlike  the  cramp-ribbed 
allopathic  luggers,  and  embraces  all  needs  and  departments  of  heal- 
ing. Sick  armies  and  navies  one  after  another  lie  snugly  bedded  in 
crews,  regiments  and  legions,  in  its  comprehensive  berths.  The  wind 
of  success  which  lives  within  its  sails,  is  no  other  than  the  harmony 
of  nature  and  truth,  which  lends  itself  to  immediate  occasions.  But 
when  its  hospital  wards  are  empty,  it  again  shuts  up,  and  is  nothing 
to  the  public  eye.  I  think  you  will  acknowledge,  Sir  Benjamin,  that 
the  old  Rune  Men  saw  Homoeopathy,  together  with  many  other  true 


78  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

principles  and  practices,  from  a  kind  of  mythical  Pisgah,  when  they 
launched  that  simple  intinitcsimal  ship,  and  undeterred  by  its  first 
si/r,  put  Valhalla  \viihin  its  hospitable  ribs.  They  meant  for  you 
there  a  practical  lesson,  in  the  convenient  minuteness  of  principles, 
in  the  elasticity  of  art,  in  the  success  of  true  nature,  in  the  little  cost 
of  real  skill ;  in  the  humble  unobtrusiveness  of  the  best  means  after 
their  work  is  done.  The  homoeopathic  medicine  chest  of  the  new 
Ministry  of  Health  is  undoubtedly  that  ship  sailing  now  into  the  port 
of  London,  and  its  instructions  to  ailing  populations  are  the  voyages 
which  your  gods  and  heroes  are  to  make  through  this  ocean  of  time. 
134.  Speaking  of  Skidbladnir,  "the  best  of  ships,"  reminds  me 
also  of  the  wolf  Fenrir,  who  was  the  worst  of  wolves.  Of  him  it  is 
also  written  in  northern  Runes,  and  as  Homoeopathy  is  prefigured  in 
what  happened  to  him,  I  will  also  tell  you  a  little  about  him.  He 
came  by  a  monstrous  kind  of  birth  from  Loki,  the  god  of  mischief; 
he  was  very  small  at  first  when  he  was  brought  out  of  the  chaos  of 
giants  to  Valhalla,  where  he  was  fed  by  the  unwitting  gods;  but  he 
grew  so  much  every  day,  and  the  seers  foretold  such  ruin  from  him, 
that  the  gods  got  a  strong  chain  made  with  which  to  bind  him.  The 
wolf  saw  that  he  was  more  than  a  match  for  it,  allowed  it  to  be  put 
on,  and  with  one  struggle  and  spurn  burst,  it  in  pieces.  The  gods 
prepared  now  a  second  fetter  half  stronger  than  the  first ;  but  out  of 
this  also  Fenrir  shook  himself  in  no  time.  The  first  chain  was  the 
band  of  fraud,  the  second  was  the  band  of  material  force ;  but  neither 
of  these  bit  him.  The  gods  were  now  alarmed  at  his  prowess,  and 
they  sent  down  Frey's  messenger  to  the  country  of  the  dark  elves, 
again  to  certain  dwarfs,  and  had  a  chain  made  termed  Gleipnir,  or 
Gulper.  It  was  smithied  of  six  things,  —  of  the  footfalls  of  cats, 
and  of  the  beards  of  women,  and  of  the  roots  of  stones,  and  of  the 
sinews  of  bears,  and  of  the  breath  of  fish,  and  of  the  spittle  of  birds. 
This  Gleipnir  was  fine  and  limber  as  a  silken  thread.  The  wolf,  with 
great  reluctance,  and  exacting  a  heavy  pledge,  allowed  it  to  be  put 
upon  him  ;  it  mastered  and  gulped  him  in  the  wrestle,  and  held  him 
in  its  elastic  belly  for  a  thousand  years.  Fenrir,  you  perceive,  the 
wolf  which  we  all  have  to  keep  from  the  door,  is  disease.  The  first 
treatment  of  the  monster,  who  grows  up  among  and  at  the  expense 
of  our  godlike  powers,  is  naturally  by  fraud ;  we  try  to  cheat  disease 
and  death  with  all  strong  diversions  ;  but  they  grow  in  spite  of  these, 
and  even  acquire  head  and  power  in  overcoming  the  false  chain 
Lceding  or  stealth.  The  body  and  substance  of  our  enemy  being 
recognized,  the  second  chain  with  which  we  would  cabin  him,  is  vio- 
lence, his  quality;  and  from  this  false  force  also  he  dashes  with  ease, 
feeding  on  our  rashness  as  his  own  hay.  For  he  is  said  to  dash  out 
of  the  fetter  Drbnri,  which  means  our  tight  squeezing;  whereby  we 
force  disease  into  new  conquests,  and  as  the  people  say,  drive  it  in. 
The  fetter  effectual,  Gleipnir,  the  gulper  of  disease,  comes  out  of 
dwarfland,  the  under  world  of  the  sciences,  in  fact,  Germany,  and  it 
is  made  of  impalpables,  magnetisms  and  decillionths,  and  called 
Homoeopathy  :  a  dynamical  scientific  power.  The  rune  book  says  : 
"  Thou  inayest  have  seen  that  women  have  no  beards,  and  that  no 
pat  falls  from  the  tread  of  cats,  and  that  there  are  no  roots  under 
stones  ;  but  then,  on  the  other  hand,  by  my  troth  I  know  that  all  I 


WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH.  79 

have  said  is  equally  true,  (with  thy  no  sight,)  though  there  may  be 
some  things  that  thou  art  not  of  might  to  experience."  This  signi- 
fies the  impossibility  and  improbability  of  Homoeopathy,  the  noth- 
ingness of  it;  and  at  the  same  time  its  power  and  its  fact.  I  don't 
know  that  it  would  be  possible  to  put  its  case  into  a  clearer  relation 
to  itself  and  its  predecessors,  valetudinarian  fraud,  and  allopathic 
force,  than  in  this  old  myth  ;  which  stands  written  for  your  instruc- 
tion in  one  of  the  earliest  records  of  the  Gothic  race. 

135.  And  now,  quitting  stories,  Sir  Benjamin,  I  hope  that  in  your 
old  age,  (which  may  God  and   Homoeopathy  long  put  off  and  pro- 
tract,) when  this  Marylebone  has  been  resigned,  and  your  palace  of 
health   is  occupied  by  your  successor,  you  will  write  a  final  Bridge- 
water  Treatise,  as  the  legacy  of  your  faithful  life  and  the  record  of 
your  providential  experiences,  for  the  home  archives  of  the  British 
people.     The  wisdom,  power,  and  goodness  of  God  displayed  in  the 
creation!     No  longer  the  anatomical  muscles  and  tendons  of  the  hu- 
man hand,  but  the  living  Divine  Palmistry  itself  is  your  theme.     The 
revelation  of  God  to  man,  in  the  great  healing  power  as  it  wells  from. 
God.     You  will  show  that  the  smallest  drops  of  the  life  of  nature, 
juices  beyond  all  eyes  to  see,  have  each  their  predestined  and  most 
manifold  play  of  charities  for  the  human  constitution.     That  man  is 
put  down  upon  a  planet  made  by  an  Everlasting  Physician, —  a 
globe  whose  flints,  chalks,  and  sulphurs  are  to  repair  the  old  depth  of 
his  diseases,  and  whose   plants  grow  for  our  casualties,  and  to  pal- 
liate the  trembles  and  pains  that  seasonably  arise  out  of  the  stem  of 
our  weakness.     Yoa  will  show  that  poisons  are  run  through  with 
goodness,  and  that  serpents  are  emblems  and  processes  of  eternity  in 
this  also,  that  life  for  the  ailing  mainsprings  of  life  lies  under  their 
well-appointed  fangs.*     You  will  show  that  water  and  air  are  great 
pharmacopeias,  as  holding  the  world  of  medicaments  in  solution  : 
the  air  columns  of  each  parish  for  itself,  and  the  boundless  envelope 
for  us  all.     You  will  stand  in  wonder  among  the  peaks  and  spits  of 
the  electric  laws,  and  will  surmise  that  they  also  are  medically  pre- 
cise; that  they  pierce  the  flashing  heavens  that  health   may  come 
down.     In  evidence  of  all  this  you  will  look  with  humble  satisfaction 
at  the  long  unrolling  of  your  statistics.     Like  a  river  getting  purer 
and  purer,  they  run  from  the  muddy  beginnings  of  pestilence  and 
disease,  by  their  own  virtue  dissolve  their  grievous  freight,  and  tend 
us  into  the  desired  haven  and  sea  of  a  clear  and  common  old  age. 
The   human  hand  of  Providence,  Sir  Benjamin,  the  vein  work  and 
sinew  work  of  God's  mercies,  is  seen,  and  will  be  more  and  more 
seen,  in   this   grand   correspondence   of  nature  with  our  wants,   and 
your  wants  ;  in  this  medical  sufficiency  of  the  universe  to  the  primal 
creature.     If  you  please,  it  shall  be  the  last  theme  that  the  first  Health 
Minister  of  this  kingdom,  as  he  stands  on  the  great  brink,  shall  re- 
hearse for  our  children's  children. 

136.  Yet  long  before  this  day  comes,  you  will  have  the  clergy  of 
these  realms  on  the  side  of  Homoeopathy,  which  has  opened   to  you 

*  Let  me  give  my  meed  of  praise  to  Dr.  Rutherford  Russell,  for  introducing  Co- 
bra poison  as  a  homoeopathic  remedy  in  diseases  of  the  valves  of  the  heart.  It  is 
a  marvel  which  will  yet  tell  upon  the  statistical  tables  of  the  Ministry  of  Health. 


80  WAR,    CHOLERA,    AND    THE    MINISTRY    OF    HEALTH. 

and  the  nation  all  this  intelligence,  and  all  these  substantial  blessings, 
Already  in  great  part,  they  have  comprehended  the  large  divinity 
of  their  mission  ;  and  many  a  parish  has  its  priest,  and  many  a  dis- 
senting (lock  its  minister,  who  like  our  .Master,  dispenses  healing  to 
both  the  body  and  the  soul.  Allopathy  laughs  at  this,  as  it  would  at 
"the  elay  made  with  spittle."  But  the  ministers  of  religion  know 
their  work,  and  do  not  take  counsel  of  man  ;  and  I  leave  the  cause 
in  their  hands  and  God's,  with  entire  confidence  in  the  result. 

137.  Minister  of  Health,  and  my  dear  Countrymen,  and  Country- 
women, I  am  done.  I  have  written  to  you  in  haste,  as  it  were  be- 
tween bedside  and  bedside,  in  the  intervals  of  urgent  duties.  Impe- 
rious haste!  For  Old  Physic  is  felled  to  the  ground  by  the  double- 
headed  hammer  of  war  and  pestilence.  There  it  lies,  blessed  be  God! 
"  Violence,"  saith  the  Psalmist,  "  is  hunted  to  overthrow,  and  destruc- 
tions come  to  a  perpetual  end."  But  then  there  also  lie  wounded  and 
cholera-smitten  legions,  biting  the  dust,  and  no  one  nigh  to  help  them. 
I  tried  to  do  my  part  by  a  voice  for  Homoeopathy  in  the  Leading  Jour- 
nal. It  choked  my  voice.  Nothing  was  left  me  but  to  quit  my  loved 
privacy,  and  appeal  in  my  own  smallness  to  you  and  yours.  With  no 
spite  to  any  man,  but  with  indignation  against  a  vile  system,  and 
grief  for  its  victims,  I  cry  aloud  to  you.  Will  you  then  listen  to 
facts  for  yourselves,  and  force;  the  tardy  Government  and  the  Minis- 
try of  Health  to  send  out  efficient  succor  to  bleeding  and  dying  broth- 
ers who  bleed  and  die  for  you?  Will  you  insist  upon  a  great  and 
immediate  approval  and  appointment  of  Homoeopathy?  I  ask  not  for 
its  trial,  but.  for  its  adoption  ;  for  it  has  been  tried,  and  it  has  succeed- 
ed through  half  a  century.  Recollect,  you  cannot  shift  the  responsi- 
bility now  to  the  shoulders  of  Old  Physic :  incapable  of  all  action,  it 
cannot  carry  for  you  a  straw  of  the  burden  that  leadens  your  con- 
science. It  can  no  more  help  you  to  an  opinion  on  .this  matter,  than 
it  can  open  the  graves  of  your  kinsmen  whom  it  lets  die  by  sea  and 
land,  and  bid  them  live  again.  You  must  act  for  yourselves,  asking 
no  question  of  Medical  Boards,  whose  sentiments  as  well  as  prac- 
tices you  know  too  well  already.  Above  all,  you  must  not  diploma- 
ti/e  with  Old  Physic,  Which  is  the  quick  Ally  of  Death  and  Brother 
of  Pestilence.  Time  presses.  Cholera  and  wounds  have  no  medical 
treatment.  We  are  on  the  eve  of  great  battles,  and  each  of  them  is 
fought  under  the  horrors  of  unrelenting  diseases.  You  have  oppor- 
tunity still  to  save  thousands  ot  lives,  and  to  prevent  miseries  incal- 
culable. Contribute  open  mindedness,  courage,  and  human  love,  as 
well  as  money,  to  the  Patriotic  Fund.  Answer  your  Queen  by  giv- 
ing two  mites  ;  one,  all  your  soul,  the  other  all  your  substance.  Now 
is  your  accepted  time,  now  is  your  day  of  salvation. 


ArrENoix.  —  I  am  pleased  to  add  the  name  of  the  distinguished  Dr.  Charge,  of  Marseilles,  tn  those  who 
make  it  their  iMisiriexs  to  instruct  the  laity  in  medical  practice.  In  the  Preface  in  the  Ninth  Edition  of  his 
Traitrment  fjiimaopathiijue  Prinerratif  ft  curatif  du  Cholera  t'.pidemiyue.  Instruction  populaire,  pouvant  srrvir 
df  Gitide.  en  I'abienee  du  M  -limn.  Marseille,  185-1  ;  he  says,  "J'ecris,  cette  foin,  pour  le«  malades  et  arm  de 
leur  etre  \ raiment  utile,  jo  dirai  ce  iju'il  cst  e.sseiitirl  de  connaitre."  At  p.  fi,  "'/"out  le  mantle,  sans  lire  me- 
drrin,  prut  et  doit  gitrrir  le  chulfra,  grace*  d  V  Hnmaopalhie.  .  .  .  I)e.<<  1849  j'esperai  le  plus  grand  hicn  de  cette 
Jn*trurliun  Pnputaire ;  aiijourd'hui  fort  dc  tciimi^M.-iL'i-s  nnmbreiix,  j'affirme  que,  par  le  secours  seul  de  ce 
travail,  leu  gtns  dn  moiiilt  ont  pufri  un  Ires-grand  nombre  de  cholfriquf,i.  .  .  .  Otte  affirmation  n'est  autre 
eho-e  que  1'exprension  affaiblie  de  la  plus  stricte  verite,  et  pourtant  e'<ut  rile  qui  a  rfrulte  le  plus  lr..im  -derm-,  de 
Vancirxne,  frule."  This  pamphlet  dhows  that  Homoeopathy  has  been  applied  with  ereiit  success  by  Dr.  Cabrul 
(physician  to  the  late  Marshal  St.  Arnaud)  to  the  cholera  which  raged  among  the  French  troops  at  Varna. 


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WC262 
W686w 

1855 
Wilkinson. 

War,  cholera,  and  the 
Ministry  of  Health 


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